Parasitic Protozoa book cover

Parasitic Protozoa

Updated and much expanded, the Second Edition of Parasitic Protozoa is designed to be useful to physicians, veterinarians, and research scientists concerned with diseases caused by protozoa in man, and in domestic and wild animals including fish, mollusks and insects, as well as the more commonly considered vertebrate animals. Each section contains information on disease pathogens, treatment, diagnosis, and epidemiology of the diseases caused by the various protozoans. The book is not limited to these medically-oriented subjects, but treats taxonomy, morphology, and metabolism of the organisms in such a way as to be of interest to scientists and graduate students working in the field of protozoology. The entire edition, published in ten volumes, is arranged so that subjects of common interest occupy individual volumes.

Hardbound, 323 Pages

Published: April 1993

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-426014-6

Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Preface to the First Edition

    Chapter I Avian Coccidiosis

    I. Introduction: Significance of the Avian Coccidia

    II· Taxonomy and Nomenclature

    III. Basic Life Cycles

    A. Stages in the Life Cycle

    B. Summary of the Life Cycle of a Typical Eimeria: A Homoxenous Life Cycle

    C. The Unique Aspects of the Life Cycle of Crytosporidium: A Homoxenous Parasite Capable of Autoinfection of its Host

    IV. The Coccidia of Avian Hosts

    A. The Classic Coccidia

    B. Avian Cryptosporidiosis

    C. Avian Toxoplasmosis

    V. Genetics of Coccidia

    A. Sex Differentiation and Cloning

    B. Strain Variation in Coccidial Virulence

    C. Cross Fertilization

    D. Precocious Development

    VI. Host Specificity of Coccidia

    VII. Site Specificity of Coccidia

    VIII. Viablility of Coccidial Oocysts

    IX. Metabolism of Coccidia

    X. Pathophysiological Changes Induced by Infection with Coccidia

    XI. Effects of Dose and Frequency of Dosing of Oocysts on Coccidial Disease

    XII. Effects of Age of Host on Coccidiosis

    XIII. Effects of Enteric Bacteria and Nutritional Status of the Host on Coccidiosis

    XIV. Interactions with Viruses

    XV. Interactions Between Species of Eimeria

    XVI. Immunity Against Eimeria Infection

    A. Endogenous Stages Initiating the Immune Response

    B. Stages Affected by the Immune Response

    C. Duration of the Immune Response

    D. Immunization Using Various Routes of Inoculation

    E. Mechanisms Using Various Routes of Inoculation

    F. Practical Aspects of Immunity to Coccidia

    XVII. Immunization Against Coccidiosis

    A. Attenuation of Eimeria

    B. Immunization of Chickens by Induction of Infection and by Administration of Parasite Antigens

    XVIII. Control by Chemotherapy

    A. History of Medication Against Coccidiosis

    B. Types of Drugs Used

    C. Prospects for Future Chemotherapeutic and Other Forms of Control of Coccidiosis

    D. Economic Aspects of Chemotherapy

    References

    Chapter 2 Coccidia of Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. Life Cycles

    A. Sporogony

    B. Excystation

    C. Endogenous Development

    D. Host Specificity

    III. Coccidiosis of Man and Domestic Mammals

    A. Humans

    B. Nonhuman Primates

    C. Horses

    D. Cattle

    E. Sheep

    F. Goats

    G. Pigs

    H. Dogs

    I. Cats

    J. Laboratory Mice

    K. Laboratory Rats

    L. Laboratory Rabbits

    M. Other Laboratory Animals

    IV. Ultrastructure and Cell Penetration

    A. Ultrastructure of Motile Stages

    B. Ultrastructure of Merogonic Stages

    C. Ultrastructure of Gamogonic Stages

    D. Host Cell Penetration

    V. Development in Vitro

    A. Cell Cultures

    B. Avian Embryos

    VI. Immunity

    A. Antigens

    B. Polyclonal and Monoclonal Antibodies

    C. Cell-Mediated Immunity

    VII. Caryospora: Unusual Coccidians

    A. Life Cycle of Caryospora

    B. Disease in Primary Hosts

    C. Disease in Secondary Hosts

    D. Naturally Occuring Caryospora Infections in Dogs

    VIII. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 3 The Gregarines

    I. Introduction

    II. Life Cycle of an Eugregarine and the Different Types of Trophozoites

    A. Life Cycle of an Eugregarine

    B. Different Types of Trophozoites

    III. Cellular and Molecular Organization of the Different Stages

    A. Molecular Organization of the Cell Cortex of Trophozoites

    B. The Cytoskeleton and Cell Motility of Trophozoites

    C. The Relation of Diversity of the Trophozoite Apex Gregarine Attachment and Nutrition

    D. Cytoplasmic Organelles of Trophozoites

    E. Syzygy and Cell Recognition Between Gomants

    F. Gamogony

    G. Gametes and Fecondation: Variations of 9 + 0, 6 + 0, or 3 + 0 Axonemal Patterns in the Flagella in Male Gametes

    H. Sporogony

    I. The Use of the Characteristics of "Sporokysts" and Sporocysts as Criteria for the taxonomy of Gregarines

    J. Transition from Sporozoite to Trophozoite in Eugregarines

    IV. Host-Parasite Interactions: Exuberance of Gregarines

    A. Behavior of Gregarines

    B. Electrophysiological Properties of the Trophozoite Cortical Membranes

    C. Endosymbionts and Hyperparasitemia

    D. Experimental Control of Gregarine Life Cycles

    E. Correlations Between the Host and Parasite Life Cycles and Chronology of Gregarine Life Cycles

    V. Schizogony and Taxonomy of Gregarines

    A. Status of the Selenidiidae and Definition of the Archigregarines

    B. Schizogony and Neogregarines

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 4 The Haemogregarinidae and Lankesterellidae

    I. Introduction

    II. The Haemogregarinidae

    A. Taxonomy

    B. Morphology

    C.Life Cycles

    D. Pathogenesis

    III. The Lankesterellidae

    A. Taxonomy

    B. Morphology

    C. Life Cycles

    IV. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 5 The Genera Leucocytozoon, Haemoproteus, and Hepatocystis

    I. Introduction

    II. The Taxonomy of the Haemosporina/Haemospororida

    III. Leucocytozoon, Sambon, 1908

    A. Morphology and Life Cycles

    B. Pathology

    V. Haemoproteus, Kruse, 1890

    A. Morphology and Life Cycles

    B. Pathology

    V. The Prevalence and Epizootiology of Avian Haematozoa with Special Reference to Leucocytozoon and Haemoproteus

    VI. Hepatocystis, Levaditi and Schoen, 1932, emend, Garnham, 1951

    A. Morphology and Life Cycles

    B. Vectors and Ecology of Hepatocystis Kochi

    C. Pathology

    VII. Summary 304

    References

    Index

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