- James McCalpin, GEO-HAZ Consulting, Inc., Crestone, CO, USA
Paleoseismology (the study of "ancient" earthquakes) has become an important component of seismic risk analysis, which is mandated for nuclear power plants, dams, waste repositories, and other critical structures. This book is the first in the English language to be devoted solely to paleoseismology. It summarizes the development of the field from the 1960s to the present, encompassing material that is currently widely dispersed in journal articles. The 10 chapters included in this text span the entire range of techniques currently used in paleoseismic reconstruction, and are contributed by active practitioners at the forefront of paleoseismic research.View full description
Academic researchers in tectonics and seismology and geological/geotechnical consultants in any country with seismic risk. Also, civil engineers, and risk analysts in federal and State agencies. Text adoption potential for courses on "Geologic Hazards" and "Neotectonics," and graduate-level courses on "Earthquake Hazards."
- Published: August 1998
- Imprint: ACADEMIC PRESS
- ISBN: 978-0-12-481826-2
"James McCalpin and his co-authors have made a major contribution to the literature of paleoseismology with this book. It is clearly the reference of choice to date in this exciting field... This is a wonderful book that will be used as a basic source for a generation. Buy it!"
--ENVIRONMENTAL & ENGINEERING GEOSCIENCE
"Paleoseismology is a turning point in this young but rapidly maturing disipline... The first chapter is a careful and detailed analysis of issues related to paeoseismology. Other chapters cover field techniques; paleoseismology in several types of environments, including extensional, compressional, and strike-slip tectonic environments; using landslides for paleoseismic analysis; and applying paleoseismic data to seismic hazard assessment and neotectonic research...The list of references reported at the end of the volume gives the book the feel of a well-organized book and not a simple collection of papers...a reference tool not only for new students but also for experienced specialists for years to come."--EOS (Transactions of the American Geophysical Union)
"Paleoseismology definitely is a useful resource for researchers working on paleoseismological problems...It should be on every paleoseismologist's bookshelf."--GEOTIMES
Table of ContentsJ.P. McCalpin and A.R. Nelson, Introduction to Paleoseismology. The Scope of Paleoseismology. Identifying Prehistoric Earthquakes from Primary and Secondary Evidence. Prehistoric Earthquake Recurrence and Dating. Estimating the Magnitude of Prehistoric Earthquakes. The Early Development of Paleoseismology. J.P. McCalpin, Field Techniques in Paleoseismology: Introduction. Mapping Paleoseismic Landforms. Mapping Paleoseismic Stratigraphy. Specialized Subfields of Paleoseismology. J.P. McCalpin, Paleoseismology of Extensional Tectonic Environments: Introduction. Geomorphic Evidence of Paleoearthquakes. Stratigraphic Evidence of Paleoearthquakes. Dating Paleoearthquakes. W.R. Hackett, S.M. Jackson, and R.P. Smith, Paleoseismology of Volcanic Environments: Introduction. Volcano-Extensional Structures. Criteria for Field Recognition of Volcano-Extensional Features. Paleoseismological Implications and Methods. Conclusions. G.A. Carver and J.P. McCalpin, Paleoseismology of Compressional Tectonic Environments: Introduction. Geomorphic Evidence of Thrust Paleoearthquakes. Stratigraphic Evidence of Thrust Paleoearthquakes. Paleoseismic Evidence of Secondary Faulting. Paleoseismic Evidence of Coseismic Folding. Paleoseismology of Subduction Zones. Late Quaternary Sea Level. The Coseismic Event Horizon. Paleoseismic Evidence of Coseismic Uplift. Paleoseismic Evidence of Coseismic Subsidence. R.J. Weldon II, J.P. McCalpin, and T.K. Rockwell, Paleoseismology in Strike-Slip Tectonic Environments: Introduction. Geomorphic Evidence of Paleoearthquakes. Stratigraphic Evidence of Paleoearthquakes. Dating Paleoearthquakes. S.F. Obermeier, Using Liquefaction-Induced Features for Paleoseismic Analysis: Introduction. Overview of the Formation of Liquefaction-Induced Features. Criteria for an Earthquake-Induced Liquefaction Origin. Historic and Prehistoric Liquefaction--Selected Studies. Features Generally of Nonseismic or Unknown Origin. Estimation of Strength of Paleoearthquakes. R.W. Jibson, Using Landslides for Paleoseismic Analysis: Introduction. Indentifying Landslides. Determining Landslide Ages. Interpreting an Earthquake Origin for Landslides. Analysis of the Seismic Origin of a Landslide. Interpreting Results of Paleoseismic Landslide Studies. Some Final Comments. J.P. McCalpin, Application of Paleoseismic Data to Seismic Hazard Assessment and Neotectonic Research: Introduction. Estimating Paleoearthquake Magnitude. Paleoearthquake Slip Rates and Recurrence. Fault Segmentation. Models of Fault Behavior. Models of Earthquake Recurrence. Current Issues and Future Prospects in Paleoseismology. References. Appendices. Subject Index.