Ozone Air Pollution in the Sierra Nevada - Distribution and Effects on Forests, 2
- A. Bytnerowicz
- R. Alonso, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Riverside, CA, USA
- Michael Arbaugh, USDA Forest Service, Riverside, CA 92507, USA
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The book contains information on geology, climate and vegetation of the Sierra Nevada with a special emphasis on air pollution effects on the mixed conifer forests.
A history of the extent of air pollution effects on mixed conifer forests, especially ponderosa and Jeffrey pines is provided. The physiological basis for ozone-type injury development in ponderosa pine, a discussion of ozone uptake by plants at different levels of biological organization and the effects of air pollution and other stresses on mountain forests are discussed. A considerable portion of the book is dedicated to development of statistical models and maps of ambient ozone distribution in the Sierra Nevada based on the 1999 monitoring data with passive samplers. The implications of the methodological results, formulation and application of regional air quality models for integrated assessment of urban and wildland pollution and the need for functionally integrated models of ozone deposition to the Sierra Nevada forests are also discussed. Management and monitoring needs for improved long-term understanding air pollution effects on forest ecosystems, discussion of options for proper management of the air pollution affected forests, and comparison of monitoring and modelling of ozone and forest health status in the Sierra Nevada with similar efforts in mountains of North American and European mountain ranges are the focus of the later chapters of the book.
- Published: May 2003
- Imprint: ELSEVIER
- ISBN: 978-0-08-044193-1
Table of ContentsPreface (A. Bytnerowicz, M.J. Arbaugh, R. Alonso). Section I: Ozone and its effects on Sierra Nevada ecosystems. 1. Geology, climate and vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and the mixed-conifer zone: An introduction to the ecosystem (R.A. Minnich, P.E. Padgett). 2. Historical perspectives on ambient ozone and its effects on the Sierra Nevada (J.J. Carroll, P.R. Miller, J. Pronos). 3. The physiological basis of ozone injury assessment attributes in Sierran conifers (N.E. Grulke). 4. Ozone uptake by ponderosa pine in the Sierra Nevada - A measurement perspective (A.H. Goldstein, M.R. Kurpius, J.A. Panek). 5. Effects of ozone, nitrogen deposition, and other stressors on montane ecosystems in the Sierra Nevada (M.E. Fenn, M.A. Poth et al.). Section II: Analysis of spatial patterns of urban transported ozone in the Sierra Nevada. 6. Introduction to a regional passive ozone sampler network in the Sierra Nevada (M.J. Arbaugh, A. Bytnerowicz). 7. Use of auxiliary data for spatial interpolation of surface ozone patterns (E.H. Lee). 8. Use of nonparametric local regression to estimate surface ozone patterns over space and time (H.K. Preisler, S. Schilling). 9. Use of geostatistics to estimate surface ozone patterns (W. Fraczek, A. Bytnerowicz, M.J. Arbaugh). 10. Ambient ozone patterns and effects over the Sierra Nevada: Synthesis and implications for future research (M.J. Arbaugh, A. Bytnerowicz). Section III: Research and development needs for the Sierra Nevada. 11. Methodological needs and perspectives for monitoring ambient air pollution and regional haze: Tools for understanding forest responses (A. Bytnerowicz, P.E. Padgett, M.J. Arbaugh). 12. Towards an air pollution effects monitoring system for the Sierra Nevada (E. Plymale, M.J. Arbaugh et al.). 13. Formulation and application of regional air quality modeling for integrated assessments of urban and wildland pollution (G. Tonnesen, Z. Wang et al.). 14. The need for spatially and functionally integrated models of ozone deposition to Sierra Nevada forests (J.A. Panek, D.D. Baldocchi, A.H. Goldstein). 15. Managing air pollution affected forests in the Sierra Nevada (T. Procter, S. Ahuja, F.M. McCorrison). Section IV: International perspective of the Sierra Nevada research. 16. Monitoring and modeling of ozone status and effects in the Sierra Nevada: A comparison with studies in North America and Europe (R. Alonso, A. Bytnerowicz).