Oscillating Heterogeneous Catalytic Systems book cover

Oscillating Heterogeneous Catalytic Systems

The aim of this volume is to present the state-of-the-art in experimental and theoretical investigation of oscillating heterogeneous catalytic systems after over 20 years of intense research in the field. The authors demonstrate how the application of modern experimental techniques and the analysis and modelling of self-sustained oscillations and spatial patterns have provided and will continue to provide new and deep insights into the mechanisms of heterogeneous catalytic reactions. The book will acquaint the reader with mathematical concepts, methods and tools needed for the analysis and the interpretation of the observed complex phenomena which in turn have much in common with dynamical systems studied in related fields such as technology, physics and biology.

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Published: August 1994

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-88891-4

Reviews

  • ...an important summary of the literature of oscillations in heterogeneous systems and it is a necessary reference to have on hand.
    Journal of Catalysis


    ...an authoritative account of the subject which provides much detailed information and bibliography on an interesting and important subject.
    Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
    ... The excellent book fills a gap between existing monographs on nonlinear phenomena and self-organization in homogeneous catalytic systems and in gas phase reactions.... The book reviews very rich experimental material and provides a successful introduction into the basic concepts and the underlying mechanisms...it may be recommended to all those who are interested in the state-of-the-art in one of the most rapidly developing fields of heterogeneous catalysis.
    H. Engel, Zeitschrift Fuer Physikalische Chemie

Contents

  • 1. Physicochemical Basis for the Appearance of Self-Sustained Oscillations in Heterogeneous Catalytic Systems. Heterogeneous catalytic reactions as oscillating systems. The structure of oscillating heterogeneous catalytic systems. Classification of oscillations. The analysis of oscillatory behaviour in heterogeneous catalytic systems. Synchronization in oscillating heterogeneous catalytic systems. Spatial organization. 2. Mathematical Basis of the Theory of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems. Autonomous systems of two differential equations. Multidimensional systems. Stability of periodic solutions. Bifurcations of limit cycles. Analysis of experimental bifurcation diagrams. 3. Oscillatory Behaviour in the Oxidation of CO. Oscillations in the oxidation of CO on Pt catalysts. Oscillations in CO oxidation on other metals of group VIII. Oscillations in CO oxidation on the reactor level. Conclusions. 4. Oscillatory Behaviour in Different Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions. Oscillations in the oxidation of hydrogen on metal catalysts. Oscillations in the NO + CO reaction. Oscillations in the NO + CO + O2 reaction on Pt catalysts. Oscillations in the NO + H2 reaction on Pt and Rh catalysts. Oscillations in the NO + NH3 reaction. Oscillations in the oxidation of hydrocarbons. Oscillations in the oxidation of alcohols, acids, ethylene oxide and propylene oxide. Oscillations in the hydrogenation of CO and in the decomposition of methylamine. 5. Spatiotemporal Structures in Heterogeneous Catalytic Systems. Single crystal surfaces. Polycrystalline metals. Supported metals catalysts. 6. Mechanism of Coupling between Local Oscillators at Different Levels of Heterogeneous Catalytic Systems. Single crystal surfaces. Polycrystalline metal surfaces. The pellet level. The catalyst bed level. Forcing experiments. 7. Chaos at Different Levels of Heterogeneous Catalytic Systems. Single crystal surfaces. Polycrystalline metals. Zeolite supported catalysts. Catalyst bed level. 8. Mathematical Models of Different Types of Oscillations in Heterogeneous Catalytic Systems. Kinetic oscillations. Thermokinetic oscillations. Isothermal reactor oscillations. Distributed models of heterogeneous catalytic systems. Conclusions. Subject Index.

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