Ophthalmology book cover


Expert Consult Premium Edition: Enhanced Online Features and Print

Based on valuable customer feedback, Doctors Yanoff and Duker have streamlined their best-selling reference, Ophthalmology, to zero in on just the clinical answers you need in day-to-day practice. They've removed most of the basic science and anatomy information from the printed book and put it on the companion web site where it is easily accessible along with the entire contents of the book. This new edition presents unparalleled guidance on nearly every ophthalmic condition and procedure and includes the latest advances in the field, such as optical coherence tomography (OCT), the ocular surface, new pharmacologic therapies, updated oculoplastic surgical techniques, the latest in refractive surgery, and so much more. And, as an Expert Consult title with enhanced online features, this meticulously updated 3rd edition comes with access to the complete contents online plus additional basic science information, fully searchable, surgical video clips, quarterly updates, and a downloadable image library for use in electronic presentations.


Hardbound, 1552 Pages

Published: December 2008

Imprint: Mosby

ISBN: 978-0-323-05751-6


  • Part 1: Genetics Janey L. Wiggs - Section Editor

    1.1 Fundamentals of Human Genetics Janey L. Wiggs
    1.2 Molecular Genetics of Selected Ocular Disorders Janey L. Wiggs
    1.3 Genetic Testing and Genetic Counseling Janey L. Wiggs

    Part 2: Optics and Refraction David Miller - Section Editor
    2.1 Visible light David Miller, Stephen K.Burns
    2.2 Physical optics for clinicians Edmond H.Thall, Russell Miller, Humberto Salinas
    2.3 Light Damage to the Eye David Miller, Clifford A. Scott
    2.4 Principles of lasers Neal H. Atebara, Edmond H.Thall
    2.5 Light Units David Miller, Jerome S. Sarmiento, Stephen K Burns
    2.6 Optics of the normal eye David Miller, Paulo Schor, Peter Magnante
    2.7 Epidemiology of refractive errors David Miller, Clifford A. Scott
    2.8 Testing of Refraction Clifford A. Scott
    2.9 Contact lenses Paul F. White, Clifford A. Scott
    2.10 Ophthalmic Instrumentation David Miller, Edmond H. Thall, Neil H. Atebara
    2.11 Perspectives on aberrations of the eye Edmund H. Thall, David Miller

    Part 3: Refractive Surgery Dimitri T. Azar - Section Editor

    3.1 Current concepts, classification, and history of refractive surgery "Tatsuya Mimura, Dimitri T. Azar
    3.2 Preoperative evaluation for refractive surgery Joshua A. Young, Ernest W. Kornmehl
    3.3 Radial and Astigmatic Keratotomy Kerry K. Assil, Joelle Hallak, Dimitri T. Azar
    3.4 Excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy Natalia Kramarevsky, David R. Hardten
    3.5 LASIK Patricia Sierra Wilkinson, Elizabeth A. Davis, David R. Hardten
    3.6 Laser Subepithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK) and Epi-LASIK Leonard Ang, Dimitri T. Azar
    3.7 Wavefront-Guided (Customized) Excimer Laser Refractive Surgery Faisal M. Tobaigy, Dimitri T. Azar
    3.8 Conductive Keratoplasty and Laser Thermal Keratoplasty for Correction of Hyperopia and Presbyopia Dimitri T. Azar, Kalliopi Stasi
    3.9 Intrastromal corneal ring segments for low and high myopia Takashi Kojima, Jonathan D. Primack, Dimitri T. Azar
    3.10 Phakic Intraocular Lenses Ramon C. Ghanem, Dimitri T. Azar

    Part 4: Cornea and Ocular Surface Diseases Michael H. Goldstein - Section Editor

    Section 1: Basic Principles

    4.1 Corneal Anatomy, Physiology and Wound Healing Ayad A. Farjo, Mark L. McDermott, Kaz Soong
    4.2 Corneal Topography and Wave Front Imaging Michael J. Taravella, Richard S. Davidson

    Section 2: Congenital Abnormailities

    4.3 Congenital Corneal Abnormailities Joel Sugar, Hormuz P. Wadia

    Section 3: External Diseases

    4.4 Blepharitis Jyotsom B. Ganatra, Michael H. Goldstein
    4.5 HZV Ophthalmicus Huck A. Holz, Ladan Espandar, Majid Moshirfar

    Section 4: Conjunctival Diseases

    4.6 Conjunctivitis: infectious and non-infectious Jonathan B. Rubenstein, Vanee Virasch
    4.7 Allergic Conjunctivitis Jonathan B. Rubenstein, Vanee Virasch
    4.8 Tumors of Conjunctiva and Cornea James J. Augsburger, Z lia M. Corr a
    4.9 Pterygium and Conjunctival Degenerations Qais A. Farjo, Alan Sugar
    4.10 Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid/Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid Ahmed Al-Ghoul, Gene Kim, Deepinder K. Dhaliwal

    Section 5: Scleral and Episcleral Diseases

    4.11 Episcleritis and Scleritis Debra Goldstein, Howard H. Tessler

    Section 6: Corneal Diseases

    4.12 Bacterial Keratitis Stephen D. McLeod
    4.13 Fungal Keratitis Stephen D. McLeod
    4.14 Parasitic Keratitis Stephen D. McLeod
    4.15 Herpes Simplex Keratitis Sonal Tuli
    4.16 Peripheral ulcerative keratitis Sarkis Soukiasian
    4.17 Noninfectious Keratitis Charles S. Bouchard
    4.18 Keratoconus and other Ectasias Joel Sugar, Hormuz P. Wadia
    4.19 Anterior Corneal Dystrophies Bryan Edgington, Michael H. Goldstein
    4.20 Stromal Corneal Dystrophies Joel Sugar, Hormuz P. Wadia
    4.21 Corneal Endothelium Steven T. Berger, Mark L. McDermott, Harvinder K.S. Atluri
    4.22 Corneal Degenerations Qais Farjo, Alan Sugar
    4.23 Dry Eye Elmer Yuchen Tu, Stephen D. Rheinstrom

    Section 7: Misc.

    4.24 Contact Lens-Related Complications Thomas L. Steinemann, William Ehlers, Jeanine Suchecki
    4.25 Corneal and External Eye Manifestations of Systemic Disease Anna C. Newlin, Hormuz Wadia, Joel Sugar

    Section 8: Trauma

    4.26 Acid and Alkali Burns Steven Rhee, Michael H. Goldstein

    Section 9: Surgery

    4.27 Corneal Surgery Lisa Mart n, Ming X. Wang, Carol L. Karp, Robert P. Selkin, Dimitri T. Azar
    4.28 Excimer Laser Treatment of Corneal Pathology Lisa Mart n, Ming X. Wang, Carol L. Karp, Robert P. Selkin, Dimitri T. Azar
    4.29 Conjunctival Surgery Lisa Mart n, Ming X. Wang, Carol L. Karp, Robert P. Selkin, Dimitri T. Azar
    4.30 Endothelial Keratoplasty: Targeted treatment for corneal endothelial dysfunction Francis W. Price, Jr., Marianne O. Price
    4.31 Surgical Ocular Surface Reconstruction Vahid Feiz, Ivan R. Schwab
    4.32 Management of Corneal Thinning, Melting, and Perforation Nicoletta Fynn-Thompson, Michael H. Goldstein

    Part 5: The Lens Emanuel S. Rosen - Section Editor

    5.1 Basic science of the lens Eric Dai, Michael E. Boulton
    5.2 Evolution of Intraocular Lens Implantation Liliana Werner, Andrea M. Izak, Robert T. Isaacs, Suresh K. Pandey, David J. Apple
    5.3 Patient Work-up for Cataract Surgery Frank W. Howes
    5.4 Indications for lens surgery/Indications for application of different lens surgery techniques Frank W. Howes
    5.5 The pharmacotherapy of cataract surgery Steve A. Arshinoff, Yvonne A.V. Opalinski
    5.6 Anesthesia for cataract surgery Donna L. Greenhalgh
    5.7 Phacoemulsification David Allen
    5.8 Refractive aspects of cataract surgery Emanuel S. Rosen
    5.9 Small incision cataract surgery Mark Packer, I. Howard Fine, Richard S. Hoffman
    5.10 Manual cataract extraction Frank Howes
    5.11 Combined procedures David Allen
    5.12 Cataract surgery in complicated eyes Gary S. Schwartz, Stephen S. Lane
    5.13 Pediatric cataract surgery Elie Dahan
    5.14 Complications of cataract surgery Thomas Kohnen, Li Wang, Neil J. Friedman, Douglas D. Koch
    5.15 Outcomes of cataract surgery Mats Lundstrom
    5.16 Secondary Cataract Liliana Werner
    5.17 Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Causes, Morphology and Visual Effects Mark Wevill

    Part 6: Retina and Vitreous Jay S. Duker - Section Editor

    Section 1: Basic Science

    6.1 Structure and function of the neural retina Hermann D. Schubert
    6.2 Retinal pigment epithelium "Michael F. Marmor
    6.3 Retinal and choroidal circulation Shiyoung Roh, John J. Weiter

    Section 2: Basic Principles of Retinal Surgery

    6.4 Laser Photocoagulation Michael Ip, Carmen A. Puliafito
    6.5 Scleral Buckling Surgery George A. Williams
    6.6 Vitrectomy Michael Engelbert, Stanley Chang

    Section 3: Ancillary Tests

    6.7 Contact B-Scan Ultrasonography Yale L. Fisher, James M. Klancnik, Jr., Hanna Rodriguez-Coleman, Antonio P. Ciardella, Nicole E. Gross
    6.8 Fluorescein Angiography, Indocyanine Green Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography F. Ryan Prall, Jeffrey L. Olson, C.J. Barnett, Naresh Mandava
    6.9 Electrophysiology Tina Scheufele Cleary, Elias Reichel

    Section 4: Dystrophies

    6.10 Retinitis pigmentosa and related disorders Paul A. Sieving
    6.11 Macular dystrophies Steven N. Truong, Kimberly Dresner, David G. Telander, Lawrence S. Morse, Kent W. Small
    6.12 Choroidal dystrophies Sandeep Grover, Gerald A. Fishman
    6.13 Congenital stationary night blindness Kenneth G. Noble
    6.14 Hereditary vitreoretinopathies Alan E. Kimura

    Section 5: Vascular Disorders

    6.15 Hyertensive retinopathy Adam Rogers
    6.16 Retinal Arterial Obstruction Jay S. Duker
    6.17 Venous obstructive disease of the retina Mike G. Morley, Jeffrey S. Heier
    6.18 Retinopathy of prematurity Kimberly A. Drenser, Antonio Capone, Jr.
    6.19 Diabetic retinopathy Brett J. Rosenblatt, William E. Benson
    6.20 Ocular ischemic syndrome Matthew T.S. Tennant, Arunan Sivalingam, Gergory M. Fox, Gary C. Brown
    6.21 Hemoglobinopathies Allen C. Ho
    6.22 Coats' Disease and Retinal Telangiectasia Diana V. Do, Julia A. Haller
    6.23 Radiation retinopathy and papillopathy Desmond B. Archer
    6.24 Proliferative retinopathies Srilaxmi Bearelly, Jeevan R. Mathura, Jr., Lee M. Jampol
    6.25 Retinal arterial macroaneurysms Janice E. Contreras, William F. Mieler, Robert A. Mittra, John S. Pollack, Julia Jiyamapa

    Section 6: Macular Disorders

    6.26 Choroidal neovascularization Richard F. Spaide
    6.27 Age-related macular degeneration Philip J. Rosenfeld, Adam Martidis, Matthew T.S. Tennant
    6.28 Degenerative myopia Brad J. Baker, Ronald C. Pruett
    6.29 Central Serous Chorioretinopathy Anna S. Kitzmann, Jose S. Pulido, William J. Wirostko
    6.30 Macular Hole Jay S. Duker
    6.31 Epiretinal membrane T. Mark Johnson, Mark W. Johnson
    6.32 Vitreomacular traction syndrome William E. Smiddy
    6.33 Cystoid macular edema Arthur Fu, Alex Bui, Richard Roe, Irma Ahmed, Everett Ai
    6.34 Coexistent optic nerve and macular abnormalities Gary C. Brown, Melissa M. Brown
    6.35 Angioid streaks James F. Vander

    Section 7: Retinal Detachment

    6.36 Peripheral retinal lesions William S. Tasman
    6.37 Retinal breaks Craig M. Greven
    6.38 Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment Charles P. Wilkinson
    6.39 Serous detachments of the neural retina Rajiv Anand, Patrick D. Williams
    6.40 Choroidal hemorrhage Michael Kapusta, Pedro Lopez
    6.41 Proliferative vitreoretinopathy G. William Aylward

    Section 8: Trauma

    6.42 Posterior Segment Ocular Trauma Patrick E. Rubsamen
    6.43 Distant trauma with posterior segment effects Jason Hsu, Carl D. Regillo
    6.44 Light toxicity and laser burns Caroline R. Baumal
    6.45 Retinal Toxicity of Systemically Administered Drugs Richard Hamilton, David V. Weinberg

    Section 9: Retinal Detachment/Vitreous

    6.46 Vitreous anatomy and pathology J. Sebag

    Part 7: Uveitis and Other Intraocular Inflammations Narsing A. Rao - Section Editor

    Section 1: Basic Principles

    7.1 Anatomy of the uvea Monica T. Evans
    7.2 Mechanisms of uveitis Igal Gery, Chi-Chao Chan
    7.3 General approach to the uveitis patient and treatment strategies David J. Forster

    Section 2: Infectious Causes of Uveitis--Viral

    7.4 Herpes and other viral infections P. Kumar Rao
    7.5 Cytomegalovirus Retinitis (CMVR) in AIDS Ehud Zamir

    Section 3: Infectious Causes of Uveitis--Bacterial

    7.6 Syphilitic and other spirochetal uveitis Julie H. Tsai, Jennifer R. Chao, Narsing A. Rao
    7.7 Tuberculosis, leprosy and brucellosis Amod Gupta, Vishali Gupta
    7.8 Cat scratch and Whipple's disease Robert C. Wang
    7.9 Endophthalmitis Russell W. Read

    Section 4: Infectious Causes of Uveitis--Fungal

    7.10 Histoplasmosis Ramana S. Moorthy
    7.11 Fungal Endophthalmitis: Candidiasis, Aspergillosis and Coccidioidomycosis Shailaja Valluri, Ramana S. Moorthy

    Section 5: Infectious Causes of Uveitis--Protozoal and Parasitic

    7.12 Ocular toxoplasmosis Stacy Pineles, Sarah M. Rikkers, Ralph D. Levinson
    7.13 Posterior parasitic uveitis Jyotirmay Biswas

    Section 6: Uveitis Associated With Systemic Disease

    7.14 Uveitis related to HLA-B27 and juvenile arthritis Carlos Pavesio, Nicholas Jones
    7.15 Sarcoidosis Claude L. Cowan Jr.
    7.16 Beh ets disease Annabella A. Okada
    7.17 Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease Narsing A. Rao, Hajime Inomata

    Section 7: Traumatic Uveitis

    7.18 Phacogenic uveitis David J. Forster
    7.19 Sympathetic uveitis Narsing A. Rao, George E. Marak Jr.

    Section 8: Uveitis of Unknown Causes

    7.20 Idiopathic and other anterior uveitis syndromes Julie H. Tsai, Narsing A. Rao
    7.21 Pars planitis and other intermediate uveitis Julie H. Tsai, Narsing A. Rao
    7.22 Posterior uveitis of unknown cause Ramana S. Moorthy, Lee M. Jampol

    Section 9: Masquerade Syndromes

    7.23 Masquerade Syndromes: Neoplasms Russell W. Read

    Part 8: Intraocular Tumors James J. Augsburger - Section Editor

    Section 1: Malignant and Intraocular Tumors

    8.1 Retinoblastoma James J. Augsburger, Norbert Bornfeld, Michael Giblin
    8.2 Uveal Melanoma James J. Augsburger, Bertil E. Damato, Norbert Bornfeld
    8.3 Metastatic Cancer to the Eye James J. Augsburger, Rudolf Guthoff
    8.4 Lymphoma and Leukemia James J. Augsburger, William G. Tsiaras
    8.5 Medulloepithelioma James J. Augsburger, Zelia M. Correa

    Section 2: Benign Intraocular Tumors

    8.6 Uveal Nevus James J. Augsburger, J. William Harbour, John R. Gonder
    8.7 Choroidal Hemangiomas James J. Augsburger, Rajiv Anand, George E. Sanborn
    8.8 Choroidal Osteoma James J. Augsburger, Rudolf Guthoff
    8.9 Astrocytoma of Retina James J. Augsburger, Alan F. Cruess
    8.10 Hemangiomas of Retina James J. Augsburger, Norbert Bornfeld, Zelia M. Correa
    8.11 Combined Hamartoma of Retina James J. Augsburger, Sanford M. Meyers
    8.12 Hypertrophy of Retinal Pigment Epithelium James J. Augsburger, James P. Bolling

    Section 3: Phakomatoses

    8.13 Phakomatoses James J. Augsburger, James P. Bolling

    Part 9: Neuro-ophthalmology Alfredo A. Sadun - Section Editor

    Section 1: Imaging in Neuro-Ophthalmology

    9.1 Principles of imaging in neuro-ophthalmology Swaraj Bose

    Section 2: The Afferent Visual System

    9.2 Anatomy and physiology Alfredo A. Sadun
    9.3 Differentiation of optic nerve from retinal macular disease Alfredo A. Sadun
    9.4 Congenital optic disc anomalies Michael C. Brodsky
    9.5 Papilledema and raised intracranial pressure Alfredo A. Sadun
    9.6 Inflammatory optic neuropathies and neuroretinitis Jason R. Guercio, Laura J. Balcer
    9.7 Ischemic Optic Neuropathies Anthony C. Arnold
    9.8 Hereditary, nutritional, and toxic optic atrophies Alfredo A. Sadun, Sevgi Gurkan
    9.9 Prechiasmal pathways - compression by optic nerve and sheath tumors Thomas C. Spoor
    9.10 Traumatic optic neuropathies Thomas C. Spoor
    9.11 Optic chiasm, parasellar region, and pituitary fossa Richard M. Rubin, Alfredo A. Sadun, Alfio Piva
    9.12 Retrochiasmal pathways, higher cortical function, nonorganic visual loss Andrew W. Lawton

    Section 3: The Efferent Visual System

    9.13 Disorders of supranuclear control of ocular motility Patrick J.M. Lavin, Sean P. Donahue
    9.14 Nuclear and fascicular disorders of eye movement Sean P. Donahue
    9.15 Paresis of isolated and multiple cranial nerves and painful ophthalmoplegia Mark L. Moster
    9.16 Disorders of the neuromuscular junction Deborah I. Friedman
    9.17 Ocular myopathies Richard M. Rubin, Alfredo A. Sadun
    9.18 Nystagmus, saccadic intrusions, and oscillations Peter A. Quiros, Robert D. Yee
    9.19 The Pupils Randy H. Kardon
    9.20 Presbyopia and loss of accommodation Sean P. Donahue

    Section 4: The Brain

    9.21 Headache and facial pain Joel M. Weinstein
    9.22 Tumors, infections, inflammations, and neurodegenerations Hossein G. Saadati, Alfredo A. Sadun

    Section 5: Neuro-Ophthalmologic Emergencies

    9.23 Urgent Neuro-Ophthalmic Pathologies Peter A. Quiros
    9.24 Trauma, drugs, and toxins Deborah I. Friedman, Luis J. Mejico
    9.25 Vascular disorders Thomas R. Hedges, Jr., Peter A. Quiros

    Part 10: Glaucoma Joel S. Schuman - Section Editor

    Section 1: Epidemiology and Mechanisms of Glaucoma

    10.1 Epidemiology of glaucoma Pradeep Ramulu, David S. Friedman
    10.2 Screening for glaucoma Joshua D. Stein, Paul P. Lee
    10.3 Mechanisms of glaucoma Martin Wax, Abe Clark, Mortimer M. Civan

    Section 2: Evaluation and Diagnosis

    10.4 Clinical examination of glaucoma Jerome C. Ramos-Esteban, L. Jay Katz, William Goldberg, Anna Goldberg
    10.5 Visual Field Testing in Glaucoma Donald L. Budenz
    10.6 Advanced Psychophysical tests for glaucoma Chris A. Johnson
    10.7 Optic Nerve Analysis Gadi Wollstein, Joel S. Schuman
    10.8 Optic nerve blood flow measurement Alon Harris, Ehud Rechtman
    10.9 Ocular Hypertension Polly Henderson, Thad Labbe, Michael A. Kass

    Section 3: Specific Types of Glaucoma

    10.10 Primary open angle glaucoma J.C.H Tan, Paul L. Kaufman
    10.11 Normal-Tension Glaucoma Roger A. Hitchings
    10.12 Angle closure glaucoma Jovina L.S. See, Paul T.K. Chew
    10.13 Pseudoexfoliation glaucoma Patrick J. Riedel, Thomas W. Samuelson
    10.14 Pigmentary glaucoma M. Bruce Shields
    10.15 Neovascular glaucoma Malik Y. Kahook
    10.16 Ocular Inflammatory and Corticosteroid Induced Glaucoma Ivan Goldberg, Ridia Lim
    10.17 Glaucoma Associated With Ocular Trauma David P. Tingey, Bradford J. Shingleton
    10.18 Glaucoma and Raised Episcleral Venous Pressure E. Randy Craven
    10.19 Aqueous misdirection syndrome Nishat P. Alvi, Louis B. Cantor
    10.20 Glaucoma associated with abnormalities of cornea and iris, tumors, and retinal disease Elliott Kanner, James C. Tsai
    10.21 Congenital Glaucoma James D. Brandt

    Section 4: Therapy

    10.22 When to treat glaucoma Rebecca S. Walker, Jody R. Piltz Seymour
    10.23 Which therapy to use in glaucoma? Douglas J. Rhee, Clive S. Migdal
    10.24 Current medical management of glaucoma Ronald L. Gross
    10.25 Laser Trabeculoplasty and Laser Peripheral Iridectomy Karim F. Damji
    10.26 Laser filtration procedures Martha Motuz Leen
    10.27 Cyclodestructive procedures in glaucoma Robert J. Noecker
    10.28 Goniotomy and trabeculectomy Sarwat Salim, David S. Walton
    10.29 Non-penetrating glaucoma surgery Iqbal Ike K. Ahmed, Baseer U. Khan
    10.30 Trabeculectomy Cynthia Mattox
    10.31 Antifibrotic agents in glaucoma surgery Peng Tee Khaw, Jonathan Clarke
    10.32 Drainage implants Jeffrey Freedman
    10.33 Complications of glaucoma surgery and their management Leon W. Herndon
    10.34 Genes associated with Human Glaucoma Janey L. Wiggs
    10.35 Evidence based medicine in glaucoma Henry Jampel, Kimberly E. Brown

    Part 11: Pediatric and Adult Strabismus Gary R. Diamond - Section Editor

    Section 1: Basic Science

    11.1 Anatomy and physiology of the extraocular muscles and surrounding tissues Brian N. Campolattaro, Frederick M. Wang

    Section 2: Evaluation and Diagnosis

    11.2 Evaluating vision in preverbal and preliterate infants and children Gary R. Diamond
    11.3 Examination of ocular alignment and eye movements Gary R. Diamond
    11.4 Sensory adaptations in strabismus Gary R. Diamond

    Section 3: Ocular Manifestations

    11.5 Sensory status in strabismus Gary R. Diamond
    11.6 Esotropia Gary R. Diamond
    11.7 Exotropia Gary R. Diamond
    11.8 Oblique muscle dysfunctions Gary R. Diamond
    11.9 Alphabet pattern strabismus Gary R. Diamond
    11.10 Paralytic strabismus Steven E. Rubin
    11.11 Other vertical strabismus forms Howard M. Eggers
    11.12 Amblyopia Gary R. Diamond
    Section 4: Treatment
    11.13 Forms of nonsurgical strabismus management Gary R. Diamond
    11.14 Techniques of strabismus surgery Robert W. Lingua, Gary R. Diamond

    Part 12: Orbit and Oculoplastics Jonathan J. Dutton - Section Editor

    Section 1: Orbital Anatomy and Imaging

    12.1 Clinical anatomy of the eyelids Jonathan J. Dutton
    12.2 Clinical anatomy of the orbit Jonathan J. Dutton
    12.3 Orbital imaging techniques Jonathan J. Dutton

    Section 2: Eyelids

    12.4 Eyelid retraction Gene R. Howard
    12.5 Blepharoptosis Philip L. Custer
    12.6 Entropion James W. Gigantelli
    12.7 Ectropion Fiona O. Robinson, J. Richard O. Collin
    12.8 Essential blepharospasm Donald C. Faucett
    12.9 Benign eyelid lesions Ann G. Neff, Keith D. Carter
    12.10 Eyelid malignancies Gregory J. Vaughn, Richard K. Dortzbach, Gregg S. Gayre
    12.11 Eyelid trauma and reconstruction techniques Jeffrey P. Green, George C. Charonis, Robert Alan Goldberg

    Section 3: Orbit and Lacrimal Gland

    12.12 Orbital diseases Jonathan J. Dutton
    12.13 Orbital surgery Jonathan J. Dutton
    12.14 Enucleation, evisceration, and exenteration Myron Tanenbaum
    12.15 The Lacrimal drainage system Jeffrey J. Hurwitz

    Section 4: Periorbital Aesthetic Procedures

    12.16 Cosmetic blepharoplasty and browplasty Francois Codere, Nancy Tucker
    12.17 Injectable skin fillers Gregg S. Gayre
    12.18 Cosmetic Wrinkle Reduction with Botulinum Toxin William J. Lipham


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