New Trends in CO Activation book cover

New Trends in CO Activation

The aim of this volume is to provide scientists with a comprehensive summary of new research areas in the activation of carbon monoxide, as one of the most reactive molecules, and in its applications. In order to understand the variety of the reactivity of CO, a quantum-chemical approach helps the reader to understand the binding state of CO to the solid surface (Chapter 1). The structure of the adsorbed CO can be better understood by examining its reactivity towards single crystals in the absence and in the presence of promoters (Chapter 2). The first approach in the reactivity study is that of studying catalytic activity of single crystals and structure sensitivity which are summarized in Chapter 3. One of the most prominent effects in the CO activation process is ascribed to the presence of additives, promoters which, in a real catalyst system, are far more complicated than on single crystal surfaces (Chapter 4).

The original Fischer-Tropsch process applied fused iron or cobalt catalysts which were suitable for producing mainly straight chain hydrocarbons. The two most important processes involving CO activation, the new FT process and alcohol formation are discussed in Chapters 5 and 7. An important type of catalyst, the bimetallic catalysts, is discussed in Chapter 6. The role of hydrogen as one of the most frequently used partners in CO activation is discussed in Chapter 8. The field of production of specialty chemicals is an excellent example of the homogeneous catalytic activation of CO (Chapter 9). In Chapter 10 an overview is given of the industrial applications of CO chemistry and these are illustrated by working processes. The final chapter gives the reader some hints about future progress in the field.

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Published: June 1991

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-88238-7

Reviews

  • ...is a significant contribution not only to the field of CO chemistry but also to catalysis in general.
    Journal of the American Society


    ...a valuable source of information not only for experts but for novices and graduate students as well.
    Reaction Kinetic Catalysis Letters
    ...has been systematically prepared covering a wide spectrum of topics from quantum mechanical aspects of CO activation to industrial processes involving CO molecule. ...will be highly valuable to catalyst chemists and industrial chemists.
    Bulletin of Electrochemistry

Contents

  • 1. Quantum Chemistry of CO Chemisorption and Activation (R.A. van Santen and A. de Koster). 2. Interaction of CO with Single Crystal Metal Surfaces (M. Kiskinova). 3. Catalytic Activation of CO over Single Crystals (J.A. Rodriguez and D.W. Goodman). 4. Selectivity in the Syngas Reactions: The Role of Supports and Promoters in the Activation of CO and in the Stabilization of Intermediates (V. Ponec). 5. Recent Developments in Fischer-Tropsch Catalysis (C.H. Bartholomew). 6. Bimetallic Catalysts for CO Activation (J. Schwank). 7. Classical and Non-Classical Route for Alcohol Synthesis (R.G. Herman). 8. Effect of Hydrogen in Controlling CO Hydrogenation (L. Guczi). 9. CO Activation by Homogeneous Catalyts (M. Röper). 10. Industrial Application of CO Chemistry for the Production of Specialty Chemicals (H. Papp and M. Baerns). 11. The Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide. An Overview and Future Directions (G.A. Somorjai). Index.

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