Foreword. List of contributors. Section I. Signal processing and source analysis. Magnetic evoked fields of the human brain: basic principles and applications (R. Hari). Physiologic mechanisms underlying the generation of far-field potentials (J. Kimura and T. Yamada). Beware of the average reference in brain mapping (J.E. Desmedt, C. Tomberg, P. Noël and I. Ozaki). Topographic maps of single sweep long-latency median nerve SEPs (G. Comi, T. Locatelli, C. Fornara, S. Cerutti, A. Bianchi and D. Liberati). A comparitive EEG/MEG equivalent dipole study of the pattern onset visual response (C.J. Stok, H.J. Spekreijse, M.J. Peters, H.B.K. Boom and F.H. Lopes da Silva). Technical requirements for evoked potential monitoring in the intensive care unit (O. Bertrand, J. Bohorquez and J. Pernier). Section II. Testing of reflexes, motor control, posture, pain and somesthesia. Neurographic assessment of central delay changes in the H reflex pathway: a new test of spinal function in man (M. Abbruzzese, L. Reni and E. Favale). Physiology and clinical applications of hand muscle reflexes (G. Deuschl and C.H. Lücking). Electrophysiological assessment of nociception in normals and patients: the use of nociceptive reflexes (L. García-Larrea and F. Mauguière). Vestibular evoked potentials with short and middle latencies recorded in humans (E. Leibner, J. Elidan, S. Freeman, M. Sela, M. Nitzan and H. Sohmer). Methodological and physiological aspects of motor evoked potentials (P.M. Rossini). Excitatory inhibitory effects of magnetic coil stimulation of human cortex (R.Q. Cracco, V.E. Amassian, P.J. Maccabee and J.B. Cracco). Cortico-facial and cortico-trigeminal projections. A comparison by magnetic brain stimulation in man ( G. Crucco, M. Inghilleri, A. Berardelli, G. Pauletti and M. Manfredi). Selective effects of repetition rate on frontal and parietal somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) (G. Abbruzzese, D. Dall'Agata, M. Morena, L, Reni, G. Trivelli and E. Favale). The effect of stimulus frequency on spinal and scalp somatosensory evoked potentials to stimulation of nerves in the lower limb (L. Pelosi, P. Balbi and G. Caruso). Section III. Testing of cognition learning and language. Electrophysiological perspectives on comprehending written language (M. Kutas and C. Van Petten). Habituation of K-complexes or event-related potentials during sleep (J.F.V. Caekebeke, J.G. Van Dijk and B. Van Sweden). The skilled performance positivity after learning a skilled task (G.A. Chiarenza, E. Barzi, E. Beretta and M. Villa). Event-related potentials in populations at risk for alcoholism (H. Begleiter and B. Porjesz). Mapping of event-related potentials to auditory and visual odd-ball paradigms (M.C. Onofrj, M.F. Ghilardi, T. Fulgente, D. Nobilio, S. Bazzano, F. Ferracci and G. Malatesta). Electrophysiological assessment of cognitive disorder in closed head-injured outpatients (K.B. Campbell, J.B. Suffield and D.L. Deacon). Dopaminergic pharmacological manipulations in normal humans confirm the specificity of the visual (PERG-VEP) and cognitive (P300) electrophysiological alterations in Parkinson's disease (P. Stanzione, F. Fattapposta, M. Tagliati, C. D'Alessio, M.G. Marciani, A. Foti and G. Amabile). Section IV. Maturation and heredodegenerative diseases. Utility of short-latency evoked potentials in the classification of progressive, early onset cerebellar ataxias (M. Vanasse, J.Y. Gabet, J. De Léan, F. Mauguière, P. Sabouraud, J.P. Bouchard and J. Mathieu). Maturation of short latency somatosensory evoked potentials by median nerve stimulation: a cross-sectional study in a large group of children (L. Lafrenière, E. Laureau, M. Vanasse, L. Forest and M. Ptito). Evoked potentials in charcot-marie-tooth disease (A. Penicaud, S. Meunier, P. Le Canuet, F. Laffont and H.P. Cathala). Section V: Movement disorders, spasticity, somatosensory and motor deficits. Long latency reflexes of human arm muscles in health and disease (J.C. Rothwell). Electrophysiological assessment of the spinal mechanisms underlying spasticity (E. Pierrot-Deseilligny). Loss of parietal and frontal somatosensory evoked potentials in hemispheric deafferentation (F. Mauguière and V. Ibañez). Motor tract excitability changes in spastic patients: studies with non-invasive brain stimulation (M.D. Caramia, P. Cicinelli, F. Zarola, G. Bernardi and P.M. Rossini). Somatosensory evoked potentials and motor cortex stimulation in myelopathies (L. Pelosi, B. Lanzillo, A. Perretti, C. Crisci and G. Caruso). Electrophysiological assessment of somatic nerves controlling the genital and urinary functions (R.J. Opsomer, J.M. Guérit, P.J. Van Cangh, F. Zarola, G.L. Romani and P.M. Rossini). Electrically induced long-latency response in triceps surae muscle: results in central paresis (R. Malessa, J. Rimpel, M. Rang, S.T. Meyer, A. Terwort and H.J. Lehmann). Diagnostic significance of tibial nerve somatosensory evoked potentials (spinal and cortical components) with spinal cord lesions (U.W. Buettner and D. Timmann). SEP and MRI findings in patients with localized brain-stem lesions (U. Dillmann, R. Besser, R. Eghbal, J. Koehler and B. Ludwig). Sensory VI. Monitoring of CNS function. Short- and long-term evoked potential sequelae of deviations from homeostasis (H. Sohmer). Somatosensory evoked potentials in severe head trauma (E. Facco, M. Munari, F. Baratto, B. Donà and G.P. Giron). Multi-level epidural recordings of spinal SEPs during scoliosis surgery (J.-P. Halonen, S.J. Jones, M.A. Edgar and A.O. Ransford). Epidural and subpial cortico-spinal potentials evoked by transcutaneous motor cortex stimulation during spinal cord surgery (B. Prestor, T. Žgur and V.V. Dolenc). Section VII. Aids. Multimodal evoked potentials in HIV infected patients (G. Farnarier and H. Somma-Mauvais). Early abnormalities of cognitive event-related potentials in HIV-infected patients without clinically evident CNS deficits (G. Arendt, H. Hefter, V. Hoemberg, H.-W. Nelles, C. Elsing and H.-J. Freund). Subject index.