New Solid Acids and Bases
Their Catalytic PropertiesBy
- K. Tanabe, Hokkaido University, Sapporo
- M. Misono, University of Tokyo, Tokyo
- Y. Ono, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo
- H. Hattori, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
This volume summarises and reviews the enormous progress made over the past two decades in solid acids and bases, with emphasis on fundamental aspects and chemical principles. In recent years many new kinds of solid acids and bases have been found and synthesized. The surface properties (in particular, acidic and basic properties) and the structures of the new solids have been clarified by newly developed measurement methods using modern instruments and techniques. The characterized solid acids and bases have been applied as catalysts for diversified reactions, many good correlations being obtained between the acid-base properties and the catalytic activities or selectivities. Recently, acid-base bifunctional catalysis on solid surfaces is becoming a more and more important and intriguing field of study.It has been recognized that the acidic and basic properties of catalysts and catalyst supports play an important role in oxidation, reduction, hydrogenation, hydrocracking, etc. The effect of the preparation method and the pretreatment conditions of solid acids and bases on the acidic and basic properties, the nature of acidic and basic sites and the mechanism regarding the generation of acidity and basicity have been elucidated experimentally and theoretically. On the basis of the accumulated knowledge of solid acids and bases, it is now possible to design and develop highly active and selective solid acid and base catalysts for particular reactions. The chemistry of solid acids and bases is now being related to and utilized in numerous areas including adsorbents, sensors, cosmetics, fuel cells, sensitized pressed papers, and others. The information presented in this book will therefore be of interest to a wide-ranging readership.
Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis
Published: February 1990
...can be recommended to a variety of readers such as graduate students, scientists active in the given field, or those wishing to obtain a general insight into a subdivision of solid state chemistry.
Reaction Kinetics and Catalysis Letters
- 1. Definition and Classification of Solid Acids and Bases. 2. Determination of Acidic and Basic Properties on Solid Surfaces. Acidic property. Basic property. Acid-base property. 3. Acid and Base Centers: Structure and Acid-Base Property. Metal oxides. Mixed metal oxides. Clay minerals. Zeolites. Heteropoly compounds. Ion-exchange resins. Metal sulfides. Metal sulfates and phosphates. Superacids. Superbases. 4. Catalytic Activity and Selectivity. Isomerization. Alkylation. Acylation. Transalkylation of alkylaromatics. Hydration of olefins. Conversion of methanol into hydrocarbons. Dehydration. Dehydrohalogenation. Oligomerization and polymerization. Esterification. Hydrolysis. Catalytic cracking. Hydrocracking (hydrogenolysis). Catalytic reforming. Hydrogenation. Dehydrogenation. Oxidation. Miscellaneous. 5. Deactivation and Regeneration. Deactivation. Coke deposition. Coke deposition and deactivation. Regeneration. 6. Related Topics. Gas sensors. Adsorbents. Pressure sensitive recording paper. Cosmetic pigments. Subject Index. Catalyst Index.