Natural Gas Engineering Handbook book cover

Natural Gas Engineering Handbook

The demand for energy consumption is increasing rapidly. To avoid the impending energy crunch, more producers are switching from oil to natural gas. While natural gas engineering is well documented through many sources, the computer applications that provide a crucial role in engineering design and analysis are not well published, and emerging technologies, such as shale gas drilling, are generating more advanced applications for engineers to utilize on the job. To keep producers updated, Boyun Guo and Ali Ghalambor have enhanced their best-selling manual, Natural Gas Engineering Handbook, to continue to provide upcoming and practicing engineers the full scope of natural gas engineering with a computer-assisted approach.

This must-have handbook includes:

  • A focus on real-world essentials rather than theory
  • Illustrative examples throughout the text
  • Working spreadsheet programs for all the engineering calculations on a free and easy to use companion site
  • Exercise problems at the end of every chapter, including newly added questions utilizing the spreadsheet programs
  • Expanded sections covering today’s technologies, such as multi-fractured horizontal wells and shale gas wells

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Published: April 2014

Imprint: Gulf Publishing Company

ISBN: 978-0-12-799995-1

Contents


  • Preface

    List of Spreadsheet Programs

    Spreadsheet Programs and Functions

    List of Nomenclature

    1 Introduction

    1.1 What Is Natural Gas?

    1.2 Utilization of Natural Gas

    1.3 Natural Gas Industry

    1.4 Natural Gas Reserves

    1.5 Types of Natural Gas Resources

    1.6 Future of the Natural Gas Industry

    2 Properties of Natural Gas

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Specific Gravity

    2.3 Pseudocritical Properties

    2.4 Viscosity

    2.5 Compressibility Factor

    2.6 Gas Density

    2.7 Formation Volume Factor and Expansion Factor

    2.8 Compressibility of Natural Gas

    2.9 Real Gas Pseudopressure

    2.10 Real Gas Normalized Pressure

    3 Gas Reservoir Deliverability

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Analytical Methods

    3.3 Empirical Methods

    3.4 Construction of Inflow Performance Relationship Curve

    3.5 Horizontal Wells

    3.6 Multi-Fractured Horizontal Wells

    3.7 Shale Gas Wells

    3.8 Well Deliverability Testing

    3.8.1 Flow-after-Flow Test

    3.8.2 Isochronal Test

    3.8.3 Modified Isochronal Test

    4 Wellbore Performance

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Single-Phase Gas Well

    4.2.1 The Average Temperature and Compressibility Factor Method

    4.2.2 The Cullender and Smith Method

    4.3 Mist Flow in Gas Wells

    5 Choke Performance

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Sonic and Subsonic Flow

    5.3 Dry Gas Flow through Chokes

    5.3.1 Subsonic Flow

    5.3.2 Sonic Flow

    5.3.3 Temperature at Choke

    5.3.4 Applications

    5.4 Wet Gas Flow through Chokes

    6 Well Deliverability

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Nodal Analysis

    6.2.1 Analysis with the Bottom Hole Node

    6.2.2 Analysis with Wellhead Node

    6.3 Production Forecast

    7 Separation

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Separation of Gas and Liquids

    7.2.1 Principles of Separation

    7.2.2 Types of Separators

    7.2.3 Factors Affecting Separation

    7.2.4 Separator Design

    7.3 Stage Separation

    7.4 Flash Calculation

    7.5 Low-Temperature Separation

    8 Dehydration

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Dehydration of Natural Gas

    8.2.1 Water Content of Natural Gas Streams

    8.2.2 Dehydration Systems

    8.2.3 Glycol Dehydrator Design

    8.3 Removal of Acid Gases

    8.3.1 Iron-Sponge Sweetening

    8.3.2 Alkanolamine Sweetening

    8.3.3 Glycol/Amine Process

    8.3.4 Sulfinol Process

    9 Compression and Cooling

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Types of Compressors

    9.3 Selection of Reciprocating Compressors

    9.3.1 Volumetric Efficiency

    9.3.2 Stage Compression

    9.3.3 Isentropic Horsepower

    9.4 Selection of Centrifugal Compressors

    9.5 Selection of Rotary Blowers

    10 Volumetric Measurement

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Measurement with Orifice Meters

    10.2.1 Orifice Equation

    10.2.2 Recording Charts

    10.2.3 Computation of Volumes

    10.2.4 Selection of Orifice Meter

    10.3 Other Methods of Measurement

    10.3.1 Displacement Metering

    10.3.2 Turbine Meter

    10.3.3 Elbow Meter

    10.4 Natural Gas Liquid Measurement

    11 Transportation

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Pipeline Design

    11.2.1 Sizing Pipelines

    11.2.2 Pipeline Wall Thickness

    11.3 Transportation of LNG

    12 Special Problems

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Liquid Loading on Gas Wells

    12.2.1 Turner’s Method

    12.2.2 Guo’s Method

    12.2.3 Comparison of Methods

    12.2.4 Solutions to the Liquid Loading Problem

    12.3 Hydrate Control

    12.3.1 Hydrate-Forming Conditions

    12.3.2 Preventing Hydrate Formation

    12.4 Pipeline Cleaning

    12.4.1 Pigging System

    12.4.2 Selection of Pigs

    12.4.3 Major Applications

    12.4.4 Pigging Procedure

    A Pseudopressures of Sweet Natural Gases

    B Normalized Pressures of Sweet Natural Gases

    C Orifice Meter Tables for Natural Gas

    D The Minimum Gas Production Rate for Water Removal in Gas Wells

    E The Minimum Gas Production Rate for Condensate Removal in Gas Wells

    F Mathematical Model for Obtaining Correction Factor Fg

    Index

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