Natural Gas Engineering Handbook

The demand for energy consumption is increasing rapidly. To avoid the impending energy crunch, more producers are switching from oil to natural gas. While natural gas engineering is well documented through many sources, the computer applications that provide a crucial role in engineering design and analysis are not well published, and emerging technologies, such as shale gas drilling, are generating more advanced applications for engineers to utilize on the job. To keep producers updated, Boyun Guo and Ali Ghalambor have enhanced their best-selling manual, Natural Gas Engineering Handbook, to continue to provide upcoming and practicing engineers the full scope of natural gas engineering with a computer-assisted approach.

This must-have handbook includes:

  • A focus on real-world essentials rather than theory
  • Illustrative examples throughout the text
  • Working spreadsheet programs for all the engineering calculations on a free and easy to use companion site
  • Exercise problems at the end of every chapter, including newly added questions utilizing the spreadsheet programs
  • Expanded sections covering today’s technologies, such as multi-fractured horizontal wells and shale gas wells

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Book information

  • Published: April 2014
  • Imprint: GULF PUBLISHING COMPANY
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-799995-1


Table of Contents


Preface

List of Spreadsheet Programs

Spreadsheet Programs and Functions

List of Nomenclature

1 Introduction

1.1 What Is Natural Gas?

1.2 Utilization of Natural Gas

1.3 Natural Gas Industry

1.4 Natural Gas Reserves

1.5 Types of Natural Gas Resources

1.6 Future of the Natural Gas Industry

2 Properties of Natural Gas

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Specific Gravity

2.3 Pseudocritical Properties

2.4 Viscosity

2.5 Compressibility Factor

2.6 Gas Density

2.7 Formation Volume Factor and Expansion Factor

2.8 Compressibility of Natural Gas

2.9 Real Gas Pseudopressure

2.10 Real Gas Normalized Pressure

3 Gas Reservoir Deliverability

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Analytical Methods

3.3 Empirical Methods

3.4 Construction of Inflow Performance Relationship Curve

3.5 Horizontal Wells

3.6 Multi-Fractured Horizontal Wells

3.7 Shale Gas Wells

3.8 Well Deliverability Testing

3.8.1 Flow-after-Flow Test

3.8.2 Isochronal Test

3.8.3 Modified Isochronal Test

4 Wellbore Performance

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Single-Phase Gas Well

4.2.1 The Average Temperature and Compressibility Factor Method

4.2.2 The Cullender and Smith Method

4.3 Mist Flow in Gas Wells

5 Choke Performance

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Sonic and Subsonic Flow

5.3 Dry Gas Flow through Chokes

5.3.1 Subsonic Flow

5.3.2 Sonic Flow

5.3.3 Temperature at Choke

5.3.4 Applications

5.4 Wet Gas Flow through Chokes

6 Well Deliverability

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Nodal Analysis

6.2.1 Analysis with the Bottom Hole Node

6.2.2 Analysis with Wellhead Node

6.3 Production Forecast

7 Separation

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Separation of Gas and Liquids

7.2.1 Principles of Separation

7.2.2 Types of Separators

7.2.3 Factors Affecting Separation

7.2.4 Separator Design

7.3 Stage Separation

7.4 Flash Calculation

7.5 Low-Temperature Separation

8 Dehydration

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Dehydration of Natural Gas

8.2.1 Water Content of Natural Gas Streams

8.2.2 Dehydration Systems

8.2.3 Glycol Dehydrator Design

8.3 Removal of Acid Gases

8.3.1 Iron-Sponge Sweetening

8.3.2 Alkanolamine Sweetening

8.3.3 Glycol/Amine Process

8.3.4 Sulfinol Process

9 Compression and Cooling

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Types of Compressors

9.3 Selection of Reciprocating Compressors

9.3.1 Volumetric Efficiency

9.3.2 Stage Compression

9.3.3 Isentropic Horsepower

9.4 Selection of Centrifugal Compressors

9.5 Selection of Rotary Blowers

10 Volumetric Measurement

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Measurement with Orifice Meters

10.2.1 Orifice Equation

10.2.2 Recording Charts

10.2.3 Computation of Volumes

10.2.4 Selection of Orifice Meter

10.3 Other Methods of Measurement

10.3.1 Displacement Metering

10.3.2 Turbine Meter

10.3.3 Elbow Meter

10.4 Natural Gas Liquid Measurement

11 Transportation

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Pipeline Design

11.2.1 Sizing Pipelines

11.2.2 Pipeline Wall Thickness

11.3 Transportation of LNG

12 Special Problems

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Liquid Loading on Gas Wells

12.2.1 Turner’s Method

12.2.2 Guo’s Method

12.2.3 Comparison of Methods

12.2.4 Solutions to the Liquid Loading Problem

12.3 Hydrate Control

12.3.1 Hydrate-Forming Conditions

12.3.2 Preventing Hydrate Formation

12.4 Pipeline Cleaning

12.4.1 Pigging System

12.4.2 Selection of Pigs

12.4.3 Major Applications

12.4.4 Pigging Procedure

A Pseudopressures of Sweet Natural Gases

B Normalized Pressures of Sweet Natural Gases

C Orifice Meter Tables for Natural Gas

D The Minimum Gas Production Rate for Water Removal in Gas Wells

E The Minimum Gas Production Rate for Condensate Removal in Gas Wells

F Mathematical Model for Obtaining Correction Factor Fg

Index