Contents. List of Contributors. Preface (D.K. Das). Preconditioning Induces both Immediate and Delayed Protection against Arrhythmias Resulting from Ischemia and Reperfusion (J.R. Parratt and A. Vegh). Myocardial Protection by Brief Ischemic and Nonischemic Stress (P.D. Verdouw, B.C.G. Gho, and M.A. van den Doel). Cardiac Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia (B. Ostadal, I. Ostadalova, F. Kolar, V. Pelouch, and N.S. Dhalla). Analysis of Altered Gene Expression during Ischemic Preconditioning (N. Maulik). Myocardial Preconditioning Via ATP-Sensitive Potassium Channels Interactions with Adenosine (G.J. Gross, T. Mizumura, K. Nithipatikom, and D.A. Mei). Ischemic Preconditioning: Role of Multiple Kinases in Signal Amplification and Modulation (D.K. Das). Early and Lat Preconditioning against Myocardial Stunning: Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology (J.A. Auchampach, X. Tang, Y. Qiu, P. Ping, and R. Bolli). Changes in Cardiac Energetics during Preconditioning and Adaptation (N. Takeda). Molecular Adaptation of Transcriptional Apparatus in Cardiac Hypertrophy and Embryonic Development (S. Ghatpande, M. Wagner, and M.A.Q. Siddiqui). Signal Divergence and Convergence in Cardiac Adaptation (A. Banerjee, A.H. Harken, E.E. Moore, K. Joo, B.C. Cain, D.R. Meldrum, F.G. Robertson, C.B. Caims, and X. Meng). The Role of ATP-Sensitive Potassium Channels in Myocardial Ischemic Stress (A. Tosaki and D.K. Das). Delayed Preconditioning: Mechanisms of Endogenous and Pharmacologic Induction of this Adaptive Response to Ischemia (G.T. Elliot and P.A. Weber). Adaptation of Cellular Thermogenic Reactions (T. Ramasarma). From Raynaud's Phenomenon to Systemic Sclerosis Scleroderma: Lack or Exhaustion of Adaptation? (M.M. Cerinic, S. Generini, A. Pignone, and M. Cagnoni). Molecular Adaptation to Toxic Chemicals and Drugs (P.K. Ray and T. Das). Index.