Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms

Invertebrates and Entomopathogens

Edited by

  • Juan Morales-Ramos, USDA-ARS, National Biological Control Laboratory, Stoneville, MS
  • M. Guadalupe Rojas, USDA-ARS, National Biological Control Laboratory, Stoneville, MS
  • David Shapiro-Ilan, USDA-ARS, SAA, SE Fruit and Tree Nut Research Unit, Byron, GA

Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens is an essential reference and teaching tool for researchers in developed and developing countries working to produce "natural enemies" in biological control and integrated pest management programs.

As we become aware of the negative impact of pesticides in human health and on the environment, interest is rapidly increasing in developing biological pest control alternatives. Tremendous advances have been made in beneficial organism technology, such as insect predators and parasitoids, mite predators, entomopathogenic nematodes, fungi, bacteria, and viruses. However, developing techniques to mass produce these biological control agents is not enough if the cost of commercialization is prohibitive. Advancing mass production to the level of economic feasibility is critical, so these new technologies can compete in the open market.

This book educates academic and industry researchers, and enables further development of mass production so new technologies can compete in the open market. It is also an excellent resource for those researching beneficial arthropod mass production and technologies for other uses, including for study and application in biotechnology and biomedical research.

View full description


Entomologists, biological control researchers, industry working on the production of beneficial organisms, bioscience researchers seeking to establish culture or rearing of organisms for study and academics in the field of biotechnology


Book information

  • Published: November 2013
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-391453-8

Table of Contents

Section I: Parasitoids and Predators

1. Introduction
 Norman C. Leppla, Juan A. Morales-Ramos, David I. Shapiro-Ilan and M. Guadalupe Rojas

2. Production of Coleopteran Predators
 Eric W. Riddick and Hongyin Chen

3. Production of Heteropteran Predators
 Patrick De Clercq, Thomas A. Coudron and Eric W. Riddick

4. Production of Dipteran Parasitoids
 Maria L. Dindo and Simon Grenier

5. Mass-Rearing Bemisia Parasitoids for Support of Classical and Augmentative Biological Control Programs 
 John A. Goolsby, Matthew A. Ciomperlik, Gregory S. Simmons, Charles J. Pickett, Juli A. Gould, and Kim Alan Hoelmer

6. Mass Rearing of the Stem-Galling Wasp Tetramesa romana, a Biological Control Agent of the Invasive Weed, Arundo donax
 Patrick J. Moran, John A. Goolsby, Alex E. Racelis, Allen C. Cohen, Matthew A. Ciomperlik, K. Rod Summy, Don P.A. Sands, and Alan A. Kirk

7. Artificial Diet Development for Entomophagous Arthropods
 Juan A. Morales-Ramos, M. Guadalupe Rojas and Thomas A. Coudron

8. Life Tables as Tools of Evaluation and Quality Control for Arthropod Mass Production 
Maribel Portilla, Juan A. Morales-Ramos, M. Guadalupe Rojas, and Carlos A. Blanco

9. Concepts and Methods of Quality Assurance for Mass-Reared Parasitoids and Predators
 Norman C. Leppla

Section II: Pathogens

10. Production of Entomopathogenic Nematodes
 David I. Shapiro-Ilan, Richou Han, and Xuehong Qiu

11. Mass Production of Entomopathogenic Fungi - State of the Art.
 Stefan T. Jaronski

12. Commercial Production of Entomopathogenic Bacteria
 Terry L. Couch

13. Production of Entomopathogenic Viruses
 Steven Reid, Leslie Chan and Monique M. van Oers

14. Formulation of Entomopathogens as Bioinsecticides
 Robert W. Behle and Tim Birthisel

15. Mass Production of Entomopathogens in Less Industrialized Countries
 David Grzywacz, David Moore, and R. J. Rabindra

Section III: Invertebrates for Other Applications

16. Insect protein as a partial replacement for fishmeal in the diets of juvenile fish and crustaceans
 Eric W. Riddick

17. Insects as Food for Insectivores
 Mark D. Finke and Dennis Oonincx

18. Insects for Human Consumption
 Marianne Shockley Cruz and Aaron Dossey

19. Production of Solitary Bees for Pollination in the U.S.
 Stephen S. Peterson and Derek R. Artz

20. Current and Potential Benefits of Mass Earthworm Culture
 Christopher N. Lowe, Kevin R. Butt, and Rhonda L. Sherman