Luminescence and the Solid StateBy
- Richard Ropp, FRSC, FAIC &BCFE, Warren, New Jersey, USA
Since the first date of publication of this book in 1991, the subject of phosphors and luminescence has assumed even more importance in the overall scheme of technological development. Many new types of displays have appeared which depend upon phosphors in their operation. Some of these were pure conjecture in 1991 but are a reality in 2004. Descriptions have been included of the newer (as well as the older) types of displays in this edition along with an annotated portrait of the phosphors used in each category. Many of these new light sources promise to displace and make obsolete our current light sources, such as incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps and the ubiquitous colour Cathode Ray Tube now used in TV and computer monitors.The importance of solid state science are summarized in the introductory chapters of this edition, and many of the chapters have been completely rewritten or revised.Each chapter has a special contribution to make in the overall understanding of the solid state science of phosphors and luminescence.
Inorganic chemists, Materials scientists, Solid State Chemists/Physicists.
Hardbound, 730 Pages
Published: May 2004
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE SOLID STATE
Changes of State.
Energetics of Changes of State.
Propagation Models and the Close-Packed Solid.
The Structure of Solids.
Determination of Structure of compounds.
The Defect Solid.
CHAPTER 2. THE POINT DEFECT
Types of Point Defects.
The Plane Net.
Defect Equation Symbolism.
Some Applications for Defect Chemistry.
Thermodynamics of the Point Defect.
Defect Equilibria in Various Types of Compounds.
Brouwer's Approximation Method.
Analyses of Real Crystals using Brouwer's Method.
The Effects of Purity (And Impurities).
Nanotechnology and The Solid State.
CHAPTER 3. THE SOLID STATE- MECHANISMS OF NUCLEATION, SOLID STATE DIFFUSION, GROWTH OF PARTICLES AND MEASUREMENT OF SOLID STATE REACTIONS
Solid State Reactions and Nucleation Mechanisms.
Homogeneous Nucleation Processes - Particle Growth.
Nucleation in Precipitation Reactions.
Sequences in Particle Growth.
Methods of Measurement of Solid State Reactions.
CHAPTER 4 - MEASURING PARTICLE SIZE AND GROWING SINGLE CRYSTALSCHAPTER 5 - OPTICAL AND ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS
Measurement of Particle Sizes and Shapes.
Growth of Single Crystals.
The Nature of Light.
Absorbance, Reflectivity and Transmittance.
Electronic Aspects of Crystals.
Phonons as Quantized Lattice Vibrations.
Electronic Aspects of Phosphors.
Factors Associated with Excitation Energy Conversion.
Mechanisms of Energy Transfer Mechanisms in Solids.
Summary of Phonon Processes as Related to Phosphors.
CHAPTER 6 - DESIGN OF PHOSPHORSCHAPTER 7 - CURRENT PHOSPHOR DEVICE TECHNOLOGY
The Luminescent Center in Inorganic Phosphors.
The Ground State Perturbation Factor.
Design of a Phosphor.
Factors Affecting Phosphor Efficiencies(Brightness).
Preparation of Phosphors.
Measurement of Optical Properties of Phosphors.
Rare Earths and Their SpectralProperties.
Current Progress in CRT Display and Discharge Lighting.
Current Display Devices Based Upon Electron Generation .
Current Display Devices Based Upon Photon Generation.