Lower Limb Anatomy, Palpation & Surface Markings


  • Derek Field, Grad Dip Phys, FCSP, DipTP, SRP, Formerly Vice Principal, North London School of Physiotherapy, City University, London, UK
  • Jane Hutchinson, MA(Ed), MCSP, SRP, Cert Ed, Dip TP, Dip Rehab Counselling, Manager, Allied Health Professions Support Service, Royal National Institute of Blind People, London, UK

Podiatry students and practitioners all need to know palpation skills, but previously have struggled to find the information they need in book form. Here is the answer: the bones, joints, muscles, nerves, arteries and veins of the lower limb are described and at the end of the chapters are review questions to test your knowledge. LOWER LIMB ANATOMY, PALPATION & SURFACE MARKINGS helps you identify, understand and palpate structures through an intact skin and aids all practitioners and students in the assessment and diagnosis of conditions using manual contact techniques, relating palpation to surface markings and anatomy. Accurate location and palpation of surface structures is an essential skill for podiatrists and lower limb specialists: here is an invaluable resource to help acquire that skill.
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Book information

  • Published: May 2008
  • ISBN: 978-0-7020-3018-5

Table of Contents


Chapter1. Palpation: principles and practice
Some definitions and concepts
Palpation: some definitions
General characteristics of palpationTouch
Some general Characteristics
The physiology of touch
The social significance of touch
Touch and clinical practice
Effects of palpation ont he patient
Patient and person
The consultation process
Techniques of palpation
Improving the art of Palpation
Care of the hands
Palpation of different tissues

Chapter 2. Bones
The lumbar spine and pelvis
The thoracic outlet
The pelvic girdle
The lumbar vertebrae
The sacrum
The coccyx
The hip region
The knee region
The lower end of the tibia
The lower end of the fibula
The talus
The calcaneus
The foot
Dorsal aspect
Plantar aspect
Self-assessment questions

Chapter 3. Joints
The lumbar spine
The pelvis
The pubic symphysis
The sacroiliac joint
The hip joint
The knee joint
The tibiofibular union
The superior tibiofibular (subtalar) joint
The inferior tibiofibular joint
The ankle joint
The foot
The talocalcaneal (subtalar) joint
The talocalcaneonavicular joint
The calcaneocuboid joint
The cubiodeonavicular joint
The midtarsal joint
The cuneonavicular and intercuneiform joints
The tarsometatarsal joints
The intermetatarsal joints
The medtatarsophalangeal joints
The interphalangeal joints
Self assessment questions

Chapter 4. Muscles
The anterior aspect of the hip
Gluteus medius, gluteus minimus and tensor fasciae latae
Lliopsoas and pectineus
The posterior aspect of the hip and thigh
Gluteus masimus
The hamstrings
The anterior and medial aspects of the thigh
The adductors and quadriceps femoris
The anterior and lateral aspects of the leg and foot
Triceps surae (calf)
Plantar muscles
Self-assessment questions

Chapter 5. Nerves
Self assessment questions

Chapter 6. Arteries
Self-assessment questions

Chapter 7. Veins
The deep veins
The superficial veins
The great (long) saphenous veins
The small (short) saphenous vein
Self-assessment questions