# Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science VIII

**Edited By**

- J.E. Fenstad
- I.T. Frolov
- R. Hilpinen

Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science VIII presents the results of recent research into the foundations of science. The volume contains 37 invited papers presented at the Congress, covering the areas of Logic, Mathematics, Physical Sciences, Biological Sciences and the Humanities.

View full description### Book information

- Published: August 1989
- Imprint: NORTH-HOLLAND
- ISBN: 978-0-444-70520-4

### Table of Contents

**Inaugural Address:**Philosophy, Science and Man (P.N. Fedoseyev).

**Intersectional Symposium:**

**New Patterns of Explanation in Science.**The Rediscovery of Time (I. Prigogine).

**Intersectional Symposium:**

**Science and Ethics.**Ethics and Science (E. Agazzi). Is There Anything We Should Not Want to Know? (P. Gärdenfors). The Ethics of Science as a Form of the Cognition of Science (B.G. Yudin).

**Foundations of Mathematical Reasoning.**Non-Monotonic Reasoning by Axiomatic Extensions (G. Jäger). Inexact and Inductive Reasoning (J. Paris, A. Vencovská). Problems of Admissibility and Substitution, Logical Equations and Restricted Theories of Free Algebras (V.V. Rybakov).

**Model Theory.**On the Existence of End Extensions of Models of Bounded Induction (A. Wilkie, J. Paris). Towards the Structural Stability Theory (B.I. Zilber).

**Foundations of Computing and Recursion Theory.**Automorphisms of the Lattice of Recursively Enumerable Sets and Hyperhypersimple Sets (E. Herrmann). Degrees of Functions with No Fixed Points (C.G. Jockusch).

**Set Theory.**Free Sets for Commutative Families of Functions (U. Abraham). Polarized Partition Relations and Almost-Disjoint Functions (J.E. Baumgartner). A Dilworth Decomposition Theorem for &lgr;-Suslin Quasi-Orderings of

**R**(M. Foreman).

**General Logic.**Logic and Pragmatic Truth (N.C.A. da Costa). The Justification of Negation as Failure (K. Fine). First-Order Spacetime Geometry (R. Goldblatt).

**General Methodology of Science.**Strong and Weak Methods (V. Filkorn). Impact of Global Modelling on Modern Methodology of Science (J.M. Gvishiani). Conceptual Change and the Progress of Science (D. Pearce). Scientific Method and the Objectivity of Epistemic Value Judgements (K. Shrader-Frechette).

**Foundations of Probability and Statistical Inference.**The Interface Between Statistics and the Philosophy of Science (I.J. Good). Astronomical Improbability (I.J. Hacking). Probability in Dynamical Systems (J. von Plato).

**Foundations of Physical Sciences.**An Axiomatic Basis as a Desired Form of a Physical Theory (G. Ludwig). On Learning from the Mistakes of Positivists (G. Nerlich).

**Foundations of Biological Sciences.**Evolution - Matter of Fact or Metaphysical Idea? (R. Löther). Evolutionary Altruism and Psychological Egoism (E. Sober).

**Foundations of Psychology and Cognitive Sciences.**Vision and Mind (V.D. Glezer).

**Foundations of Social Sciences.**Rationality and Social Norms (J. Elster). On the Nature of Social Order (I. Pörn).

**Foundations of Linguistics.**Informational Independence as a Semantical Phenomenon (J. Hintikka, G. Sandu). How Natural is Natural Language? (J. Koster).

**History of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science.**Leibniz and the Philosophical Analysis of Science (F. Duchesneau). The Logical Ideas of N.A. Vasiliev and Modern Logic (V.A. Smirnov). Phenomenalism, Relativity and Atoms: Rehabilitating Ernst Mach's Philosophy of Science (G. Wolters). List of Contributed Papers.