Introduction to Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry


  • R. Rastogi, Indian National Science Academy, Hony and Emeritus Professor, Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, India

The book presents a critical and comprehensive account of Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry from theoretical and experimental angle. It covers a wide spectrum of non-equilibrium phenomena from steady state close to equilibrium to non-linear region involving transition to bistability, temporal oscillations, spatio-temporal oscillations and finally to far from equilibrium phenomena such as complex pattern formation, dynamic instability at interfaces, Chaos and complex growth phenomena (fractals) in Physico-chemical systems.
Part I of the book deals with theory and experimental studies concerning transport phenomena in membranes (Thermo-osmosis,Electroosmotic ) and in continuous systems (Thermal diffusion,Soret effect) close to equilibrium Experimental tests provide insight into the domain of validity of Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics ,which is the major theoretical tool for this region. Later developments in Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics and Non-equilibrium Molecular dynamics have been discussed in the Appendix.
Part II deals with non-linear steady states and bifurcation to multistability, temporal and spatio- temporal oscillations (Chemical waves). Similarly Part II deals with more complex phenomena such as Chaos and fractal growth occurring in very far from equilibrium region. Newer mathematical techniques for investigating such phenomena along with available experimental studies.
Part IV deals with analogous non-equilibrium phenomena occurring in the real systems (Socio-political, Finance and Living systems etc.) for which physico-chemical systems discussed in earlier chapters provide a useful model for development of theories based on non-linear science and science of complexity.
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This book is suitable for graduate students, researchers, chemists, biologists, social scientists, economists, physiologists, physical scientists and chemical engineers.


Book information

  • Published: September 2007
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-52188-0

Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgementsTable of Contents
Part 1: Non-equilibrium steady states close to equilibrium
Chapter 1. IntroductionChapter 2. Basic Principles of Non-Equilibrium ThermodynamicsChapter 3. Applications to Typical Steady States PhenomenaChapter 4. Electro-Osmotic PhenomenaChapter 5. Non-Equilibrium Phenomena in Continuous SystemsChapter 6. Electrophoresis and Sedimentation PotentialAppendix I. Domain of Validity of Gibbs Equation
Part 2: Non-linear steady states - Dessipative Structure (Time order and space order)
Chapter 7. Non-Linear Steady StatesChapter 8. Bifurcation Phenomenon and Multi-StabilityChapter 9. Time Order - Chemical OscillationsChapter 10. Chemical Waves and Stationary Patterns
Part 3: Complex non-equilibrium phenomena far from equilibrium
Chapter 11. Dynamic Instability at InterfacesChapter 12. Complex Oscillations and ChaosChapter 13. Complex Pattern Formation
Part 4: Non-equilibrium phenomena in nature and society
Chapter 14. Social Dynamics, Economics and FinanceChapter 15. Living SystemsEpilogue