Introduction to DislocationsBy
- Derek Hull, Emeritus Goldsmith's Professor, University of Cambridge, Emeritus Professor, School of Engineering, University of Liverpool, UK
- D. J. Bacon, Emeritus Professor, School of Engineering, University of Liverpool, UK
Dislocations are defects in the crystal structure of important engineering materials, such as metals, ceramics and semi-conductors, that strongly influence the properties of these materials.
Research on dislocations was intense when the first edition of this classic work was published in the 1960s. By incorporating later developments in subsequent editions whilst retaining a concise, accessible style, Introduction to Dislocations has become established as a key resource for students, graduates and researchers. No other book on the topic is as credible and, with this new edition, as up-to-date.Introduction to Dislocations is widely recognized to provide the essential knowledge base required for further study, research and technological application in the field. This update brings the book's coverage, references and context in line with the latest developments to ensure it remains a core reference for all those studying and working in the field today.
Advanced undergraduate and graduate students taking dislocations, mechanical properties, mechanisms of deformation and fracture, and properties of materials courses as part of broader mechanical engineering and materials science curricula; Industry and academic researchers in the subjects listed above.
Paperback, 272 Pages
Published: February 2011
Imprint: Butterworth Heinemann
'This book fits a very much needed slot as it is written at a level that is much easier to understand than the classic old texts on dislocations...and is, for that reason, ideal for both undergraduates and beginning or interdisciplinary graduate students.'
--Kevin J. Hemker, Professor and Chair of Mechanical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University'One of the most striking advantages of the book is the concise and lucid text...There are many books dealing with dislocations but only one up-to-date introduction. It is warmly recommended to teachers and students in solid state sciences' --Crystallization Technology'As we grow older, we tend to grow fatter but wiser. This is certainly the case of the 4th edition of 'Introduction to Dislocations'...the book is excellent value and there is no excuse why every student of metallurgy should not be familiar with its contents, and every researcher have it readily to hand.' --Steel Times
- 1. Defects in Crystals: 1.1 Crystalline Materials, 1.2 Simple Crystal Structures, 1.3 Defects in Crystalline Materials, 1.4 Dislocations
- 2. Observation of Dislocations: 2.1 Introduction, 2.2 Surface Methods, 2.3 Decoration Methods, 2.4 Electron Microscopy, 2.5 X-Ray Diffraction Topography, 2.6 Field Ion Microscopy, 2.7 Computer Simulation, Further Reading
- 3. Movement of Dislocations: 3.1 Concepts of Slip, 3.2 Dislocations and Slip, 3.3 The Slip Plane, 3.4 Cross-slip, 3.5 Velocity of Dislocation, 3.6 Climb, 3.7 Experimental Observation of Climb, 3.8 Conservative Climb, 3.9 Plastic Strain Due to Dislocation, 3.10 Movement, Further Reading
- 4. Elastic Properties of Dislocations, 4.1 Introduction, 4.2 Elements of Elasticity, 4.3 Stress Field of a Straight Dislocation, 4.4 Strain Energy of a Dislocation, 4.5 Forces on Dislocations, 4.6 Forces Between Dislocations, 4.7 Climb Forces, 4.8 Image Forces, Further Reading
- 5. Dislocations in Face-Centered Cubic Metal, 5.1 Perfect Dislocations, 5.2 Partial Dislocations-the Shockley Partial, 5.3 Slip, 5.4 Thompson's Tetrahedron, 5.5 Frank Partial Dislocation, 5.6 Lomer-Cottrell Sessile Dislocation, 5.7 Stacking Fault Tetrahedra, Further Reading
- 6. Dislocation in Other Crystal Structures, 6.1 Introduction, 6.2 Dislocations in Hexagonal Close-packed Metals, 6.3 Dislocations in Body-centered Cubic Metals, 6.4 Dislocations in Ionic Crystals, 6.5 Dislocations in Superlattices, 6.6 Dislocations in Covalent Crystals, 6.7 Dislocations in Layer Structures, 6.8 Dislocations in Polymer Crystals, Further Reading
- 7. Jogs and the Intersection of Dislocations: 7.1 Introduction, 7.2 Intersection of Dislocations, 7.3 Movement of Dislocations Containing Elementary Jogs, 7.4 Superjogs, 7.5 Jogs and Prismatic Loops, 7.6 Intersection of Extended Dislocations and Extended Jogs, 7.7 Attractive and Repulsive Junctions, 7.8 Extended Stacking-fault Nodes, Further Reading
- 8. Origin and Multiplication of Dislocations: 8.1 Introduction, 8.2 Dislocations in Freshly Grown Crystals, 8.3 Homogeneous Nucleation of Dislocations, 8.4 Nucleation of Dislocations at Stress Concentrators, 8.5 Multiplication of Dislocations by Frank-Read Sources, 8.6 Multiplications of Multiple Cross Glide, 8.7 Multiplication by Climb, 8.8 Grain Boundary Sources, Further Reading
- 9. Dislocation Arrays and Crystal Boundaries: 9.1 Plastic Deformation, Recovery and Recrystallisation, 9.2 Simple Dislocation Boundaries, 9.3 General Low-angle Boundaries, 9.4 Stress Field Dislocation Arrays, 9.5 Strain Energy of Dislocation Arrays, 9.6 Dislocation and Steps in Interfaces, 9.7 Movement of Boundaries, 9.8 Dislocation Pile-ups, Further Reading
- 10. Strength of Crystalline Solids: 10.1 Introduction, 10.2 Temperature-and-Strain-Rate-Dependence of the Flow Stress, 10.3 The Peirls Stress and Lattice Resistance, 10.4 Interaction Between Point Defects and Dislocations, 10.5 Solute Atmospheres and Yield Phenomena, 10.6 The Flow Stress for Random Arrays of Obstacles, 10.7 The Strength of Alloys, 10.8 Work Hardening