Interface Science and Composites book cover

Interface Science and Composites

The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics.

Audience

Surface scientists, materials scientists, membrane scientists

Hardbound, 852 Pages

Published: June 2011

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-375049-5

Contents

  • Chap. 1. Intermolecular Force
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Long-range Force
    1.3 Acid-Base Interactions
    1.4 DLVO (Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey, and Overbeek) Theory
    1.5 Summary
    Chap. 2. Solid-Gas Interaction
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Structure and Chemical Composition of a Solid Surface
    2.3 Adsorption Isotherms
    2.4 Measurement of Adsorption Isotherms
    2.5 Infinite and Finite Concentrations
    2.6 Summary
    Chap. 3. Solid-Liquid Interaction
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Surface Energetic
    3.3 Contact Angle and Surface Tension   
    3.4 Associated Phenomena and Applications
    3.5 Summary
    Chap. 4. Solid-Solid Interfaces
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Adhesion at Solid-Solid Interfaces
    4.3 London Dispersion and Acid-Base Interaction
    4.4 Mechanisms of Adhesion
    4.5 Adhesive Control
    4.6 Adhesive Behaviors at Interfaces
    4.7 Summary
    Chap. 5. Interfacial Applications in Nanomaterials
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Energy Storage and Conversion Devices
    5.3 Environmental Technologies
    5.4 Gas Storage
    5.5 Bio Technologies
    5.6 Carbon Nanotubes-based Composite Materials
    5.7 The Versatile Properties
    5.8 Summary
    Chap. 6. Element and Processing
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Reinforcements
    6.3 Matrices
    6.4 Fabrication Process of Composites
    6.5 Applications of Composites
    6.6 Summary
    Chap. 7. Types of Composites
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Polymer Matrix Composites
    7.3 Carbon Matrix Composites
    7.4 Metal Matrix Composites
    7.5 Ceramic Matrix Composites
    7.6 Summary
    Chap. 8. Composite Characterization
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Evaluation of Reinforcement Fibers
    8.3 Evaluation of Matrix Resins
    8.4 Evaluation of Reinforcement-Matrix Interface
    8.5 Evaluation of Composites
    8.6 Relationship between Surface and Mechanical Interfacial Properties in Composites
    8.7 Evaluation of Laminated Composites
    8.8 Non-destructive Testing of Composites
    Chap. 9. Modeling of Fiber-Matrix Interface in Composite Materials
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Evaluation of Fiber/Matrix Interfacial Shear Strength and Fracture Toughness
    9.3 Interpretation of Single Fiber Pull-out Test
    9.4 Interpretation of Single Fiber Push-out Test
    9.5 Interpretation of Single Fiber Fragmentation Test
    9.6 Fiber-Matrix Adhesion from Single-Fiber Composite Test
    9.7 Micromechanical Modeling of Microbond Test
    9.8 Interphase Effect on Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites
    9.9 Summary
    Chap. 10. Comprehension of Nanocomposites
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Types of Nanocomposites
    10.3 Processing of Nanocomposites
    10.4 Characterization of Nanocomposites
    10.5 Summary

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