Industrial Applications of Batteries book cover

Industrial Applications of Batteries

From Cars to Aerospace and Energy Storage

Industrial Applications of Batteries looks at both the applications and the batteries and covers the relevant scientific and technological features. Presenting large batteries for stationary applications, e.g. energy storage, and also batteries for hybrid vehicles or different tools. The important aerospace field is covered both in connection with satellites and space missions. Examples of applications include, telecommunications, uninterruptible power supplies, systems for safety/alarms, car accessories, toll collection, asset tracking systems, medical equipment, and oil drilling.The first chapter on applications deals with electric and hybrid vehicles. Four chapters are devoted to stationary applications, i.e. energy storage (from the electric grid or solar/wind energy), load levelling, telecommunications, uninterruptible power supplies, back-up for safety/alarms. Battery management by intelligent systems and prediction of battery life are dealt with in a dedicated chapter. The topic of used battery collection and recycling, with the description of specific treatments for the different systems, is also extensively treated in view of its environmental relevance. Finally, the world market of these batteries is presented, with detailed figures for the various applications.

Audience
For scientists working in academic or industry. Also accessible to technical people due to the large content of technological information

Hardbound, 792 Pages

Published: February 2007

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-52160-6

Contents

  • Chapter 1. Nonaqueous Batteries Used in Industrial Applications (G. Pistoia).
    1.1. Introduction
    1.2. Primary Lithium Batteries
    1.3. Rechargeable Batteries

    Chapter 2. Aqueous Batteries Used in Industrial Applications (G. Pistoia).
    2.1. Introduction
    2.2. Lead/Acid Batteries
    2.3. Nickel/Cadmium Batteries
    2.4. Nickel/Metal Hydride Batteries
    2.5. Nickel/Hydrogen Batteries
    2.6. Nickel/Iron Batteries
    2.7. Nickel/Zinc Batteries
    2.8. Zinc/Air Batteries
    2.9. Silver/Zinc Batteries
    2.10.Zinc/Bromine Batteries
    2.11.Vanadium Redox-Flow Batteries
    2.12.Alkaline Primary Batteries
    2.13.Basic Parameters of Aqueous Secondary Batteries

    Chapter 3. Characterization of Batteries by Electrochemical and Non-Electrochemical Techniques (D. Aurbach).
    3.1. Introduction
    3.2. Categories of Battery Materials
    3.3. Stages and Levels in Battery Characterization
    3.4. A Brief Summary of Available Techniques Related to the Characterization of Batteries
    3.5. Typical Studies of Electrolyte Solutions and Solid Electrolytes
    3.6. Typical Studies of Electrodes and Electrode Materials
    3.7. Measurements of Complicated Batteries
    3.8. Theoretical Aspects of Battery Characterization
    3.9. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 4. Traction Batteries. EV and HEV (M. Broussely).
    4.1. Introduction
    4.2. The Different Types of Electric Vehicles
    4.3. Battery Technology for Traction
    4.4. Conclusion

    Chapter 5. Aerospace Applications. I. Satellites, Launchers, Aircraft (Y. Borthomieu, N. Thomas).
    5.1. Introduction
    5.2. Satellite Batteries
    5.3. Launcher Batteries
    5.4. Aircraft Batteries

    Chapter 6. Aerospace Applications. II. Planetary Exploration Missions (Orbiters, Landers, Rovers and Probes)(B.V. Ratnakumar, M.C. Smart).
    6.1. Introduction
    6.2. General Characteristics of Space Batteries
    6.3. Planetary and Space Exploration Missions
    6.4. Past and Current Planetary Missions
    6.5. Future Mars Missions
    6.6. Aerospace Battery Technologies
    6.7. Unique Performance Attributes of Aerospace Li-Ion Batteries
    6.8. Lithium Batteries – Advanced Systems
    6.9. Concluding Remarks on Rechargeable Batteries

    Chapter 7. Stationary Applications. I. Lead-Acid Batteries for Telecommunications and UPS (R. Wagner).
    7.1. Introduction
    7.2. The Lead-Acid Battery Technology
    7.3. Large Batteries
    7.4. Improvement of Power Performance
    7.5. Features of VRLA Technology
    7.6. Gel Batteries
    7.7. AGM Batteries
    7.8. Future Trends
    7.9. Conclusions

    Chapter 8. Stationary Applications. II. Load Levelling (J. Kondoh).
    8.1. Signification of Stationary Application
    8.2. Sodium-Sulfur Battery Systems
    8.3. Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Systems
    8.4. Other Secondary Battery Systems
    8.5. Other Electric Energy Storage Systems
    8.6. Comparison

    Chapter 9. Stationary Applications. III. Lead-Acid Batteries for Solar and Wind Energy Storage (R. Wagner).
    9.1. Introduction
    9.2. Energy Storage for Solar and Wind Systems
    9.3. Flooded Batteries
    9.4. Large Batteries
    9.5. Small Systems with VRLA Batteries
    9.6. Large Systems with Gel Batteries
    9.7. Further Developments
    9.8. Conclusions

    Chapter 10. Stationary Applications. IV. The Role of Nickel-Cadmium Batteries (A. Green).
    10.1.Introduction
    10.2.History
    10.3.Chemistry
    10.4.Construction Features of Nickel-Cadmium Cells
    10.5.Electrical and Mechanical Characteristics
    10.6.Cost and Reliability Considerations
    10.7.A Large Battery in an Energy Storage Application
    10.8.Small Batteries in Telecommunication Applications
    10.9.Lifetime and Reliability: The Case of an Old battery
    10.10.Nickel-Cadmium Applications Summary

    Chapter 11. Miscellaneous Applications. I. Metering, Power Tools, Alarm/Security, Medical Equipments, etc (M. Grimm).
    11.1.The Power Sources
    11.2.Metering Systems
    11.3.Remote Mobile Monitoring
    11.4.Automatic Assistance Systems
    11.5.Alarm and Security Systems
    11.6.Memory Back Up (MBU) – Real Time Clocks (RTC)
    11.7.Professional Cordless Tools
    11.8.Professional Appliances
    11.9.Ambulatory Medical Equipments
    11.10.Conclusion

    Chapter 12. Miscellaneous Applications. II. Tracking Systems, Toll Collection, Oil Drilling, Car Accessories, Oceanography (H. Yamin et al.).
    12.1.Introduction
    12.2.Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)
    12.3.Electronic Toll Collection
    12.4.Automatic Crash Notification (ACN)
    12.5.Tracking
    12.6.Oil Drilling
    12.7.Oceanography

    Chapter 13. Battery Management and Life Prediction(B.Y. Liaw, D.D. Friel).
    13.1.Definitions
    13.2.Monitoring and Measuring
    13.3.Battery Management Functions
    13.4.Life Prediction

    Chapter 14. Battery Collection and Recycling (D. Cheret).
    14.1.Introduction
    14.2.Eco-efficiency Study on Recycling Techniques
    14.3.Trans-Boundary Movement of Batteries within the OECD Member States
    14.4.Battery Collection Schemes
    14.5.The Particular Example of a Battery Producer: SAFT
    14.6.Recycling Rate: What Does It Mean?
    14.7.Battery Recycling: The Existing Technologies
    14.8.Conclusion

    Chapter 15. World Market for Industrial Batteries (D. Saxman).
    15.1.Scope and Analysis Assumption
    15.2.Driving Forces Used to Predict World Market Value
    15.3.Industrial Energy Storage Systems
    15.4.Industrial Battery Configurations
    15.5.Driving Forces by Market Sector
    15.6.Historic and Predicted World Market Summary for Industrial Batteries

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