Imaging and Image Analysis Applications for Plastics

Edited by

  • Behnam Pourdeyhimi, North Carolina State University, NC, USA


  • Behnam Pourdeyhimi, North Carolina State University, NC, USA

The broad collection of techniques gathered in this book help illustrate material/process/property relationships for a wide selection of materials and processes in the plastics industry. With the recent increases in computing power and scope, as well as advances in software engineering, imaging has already become a universal tool. Image processing and image analysis have become common expressions are widely recognized within the scientific community. The imaging techniques employed range from visible optical methods to scanning and transmission electron microscopy, x-ray, thermal wave infrared and atomic force microscopy. Image analysis is used to monitor/ characterize a variety of processes.Processes included within this book are: extrusion, injection molding, foam production, film manufacture, compression molding, blow molding, vulcanization, melt spinning, reactive blending, welding, conveying, composite manufacture, compounding, and thermosetting.Imaging techniques are also employed to characterize/quantify a number of important material properties. These include: fiber orientation distribution, homogeneity of mixing, the rate of spherulites growth, polymer crystallization rate, melt flow index, pore size and shape in foam, cell density in foam, void content, particle analysis in polymer blends, morphology, interparticle distance, fiber diameter, fatigue crack, crazing, scratching, surface roughness, fiber-length distribution, nucleation, oil penetration, peel adhesion, chemical resistance, droplet-fiber transition, electrical conductivity, dispersion and impurity content.
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Polymer scientists and the plastics industry as a whole will benefit greatly from using this book as a tool to evaluate parameters using imaging.


Book information

  • Published: December 1999
  • ISBN: 978-1-884207-81-5

Table of Contents

ò Prefaceò The Optimized Performance of Linear Vibration Welded Nylon 6 and Nylon 66 Butt Jointsò Image Analysis of Polypropylene Melt Fiber Stretchingò The Effect of Fiber Orientation on Distribution on the Tooth Stiffness of a Polymer Composite Gearò Novel Processing and Performance of Aligned Discontinuous Fiber Polymer Compositesò Characterization of Kneading Block Performance on Co-Rotating Twin Screw Extrudersò A Quantitative Description of the Effects of Molecular Weight and Atactic Level on the Spherulite Growth Rate of Ziegler-Natta Isotactic Polypropyleneò Miscibility and Co-Continuous Morphology of Polypropylene-Polyethylene Blendsò Flow Visualization for Extensional Viscosity Assessmentò PP/LLDPE/EDPM Blends: Effect of Elastomer Viscosity on Impactò Mixing of a Low Molecular Weight Additive in a Co-Rotating TSE: Morphological Analysis of a HDPE/PDMS Systemsò The in situ Compatibilization of HDPE/PET Blendsò Evaluation of Process Aids for Controlling Surface Roughness of Extruded LLDPEò Evaluation of Scratch and Mar Resistance in Automotive Coatings: Nanoscratching by Atomic Force Microscopeò Study of the Morphology and Tensile Mechanical Properties of Biaxially Oriented PET/PP Blendsò Improved Barrier and Mechanical Properties of Laminar Polymer Blendsò Relative Magnetic Permeability of Injection Molded Composites as Affected by the Flow Induced Orientation of Ferromagnetic Particlesò Processing-Structure-Property Relations in PS/PE Blends: Compression versus Injection Moldingò Polyetherimide Epoxy-Based Prepreg Systems with Variable Temperature Cure Capabilityò CO 2 Blown PETG Foamsò Tear Strength Enhancement Mechanisms in TPO Filmsò Morphological Study of Fatigue Induced Damage in Semicrystalline Polymersò The Effect of Several Kinds of Oils on the Oil Resistance Behavior of Polystyrenic Thermoplastic Vulcanizateò Visualization of Polymer Melt Convergent Flows in Extrusionò Evaluation of the Constrained Blister Test for Measurement of an Intrinsic Adhesionò Fractal Analysis and Radiographic Inspection of Microwave Welded HDPE Barsò Application of Thermography for the Optimization of the Blow Molding Processò The Use of Video and the Development of Solids Conveying Theoryò Microcellular PET Foams Produced by the Solid State Processò Thermal Wave Imaging of Propagating Cracks in Polypropylene and a Thermoplastic Olefinò The Division of Agglomerates in Molten Environment of Polymers: A Physical Model for Mathematical Descriptionò A New On-Line Technique for Morphology Analysis and Residence Time Measurement in a Twin-Screw Extruderò Controlled Order Thermosets for Electronic Packagingò Fatigue Fracture in Polypropylene with Different Spherulitic Sizesò Brittle-Ductile Transition of PP/Rubber/Filler Hybridsò Index