ICRP Publication 84: Pregnancy and Medical Radiation
Annals of the ICRP Volume 30/1By
- . ICRP
This publication concerns the management of pregnant patients as well as pregnant workers in medical establishments where ionising radiation is used. Thousands of pregnant patients and medical radiation workers are exposed to radiation each year. Lack of knowledge is responsible for great anxiety and probably unneccessary termination of many pregnancies. This report discusses how to deal with these problems. It is written primarily for physicians, but will also be useful for medical and health physicists, nurses, technologists, and administrators. It is not intended as a complete reference work, but rather to provide a practical approach that can be used in varying situations.
International Commission on Radiological Protection
Published: December 2000
1.1. Fundamental concepts.
2. Diagnosis of Pregnancy.
3. Effects of In Utero Radiation.
3.1. General background. 3.2. Effects on the central nervous system. 3.3. Risk of leukemia and childhood cancer. 3.4. Pre-conception irradiation.
4. Informed consent and understanding.
5. Diagnostic Radiology.
5.1. Before irradiation. 5.2. During the examination. 5.3. After irradiation.
6. Nuclear Medicine.
6.1. Before irradiation. 6.2. During the diagnostic examination. 6.3. Nuclear medicine therapy for hyperthyroidism and thyroid carcinoma. 6.4. After irradiation.
7.1. Before treatment. 7.2. During radiotherapy. 7.3. After radiotherapy.
8. Management of pregnant physicians and other staff.
9. Pregnancy and biomedical research involving radiation exposure.
10. Consideration of termination of pregnancy after radiation exposure.
11. Summary recommendations.