ICRP Publication 75: General Principles for the Radiation Protection of Workers
Annals of the ICRP Volume 27/1By
- . ICRP
ICRP Publication 75 reports comprehensively on the principles for the protection of workers from ionising radiation. It develops guidance on the implementation of the principles in the 1990 Recommendations of the ICRP (ICRP Publication 60), including the concepts of constraint and reference levels. The report discusses the management of occupational exposure in normal and emergency situations, in industrial and medical contexts, and with respect to natural sources of radiation, including radon, at work. Health surveillance of workers and the management of overexposed individuals are considered. This report updatesICRP Publication 28 with respect to principles and procedures for handling emergency and accidental exposures of workers, and, by laying out the principles of monitoring for external radiation, completely replaces ICRP Publication 35. Monitoring for radionuclide contamination is also discussed. The report should also be of interest to a wide readership including all those responsible for occupational health, at operational and managerial levels, as well as regulatory bodies and professional organisations.
International Commission on Radiological Protection
Published: November 1997
- Preface. Introduction. Purpose and Scope of the Report. General Aspects of Occupational Exposure. Structure of the Report. Basic Framework. Quantities. Occupational Exposures. Practices. Justification of a practice. Optimisation of protection. Dose limits. Intervention. Control of Occupational Exposures - Normal and Potential. Responsibility and Authority. Policy and Organization. Planning and Implementation. Designation of areas. Engineered controls. Operational procedures. Personal protective clothing and equipment. Information and training. Occupational exposure of women. Measuring and Reviewing Performance. Investigation levels.Control of Occupational Exposures - Accidental and Emergency. Planning and Training. Monitoring and Management. Control of Occupational Exposure to Natural Sources. General. Radon at work. Materials with elevated levels of natural radionuclides. Cosmic rays in jet aircraft. Gamma rays. Monitoring of Workers and the Workplace. Functions and Types of Monitoring. Types of monitoring. Workplace Monitoring for External Radiation. Routine monitoring. Task-related monitoring. Workplace Monitoring for Surface Contamination. Routine monitoring. Task-related monitoring. Workplace Monitoring for Air Contamination. Alarmed monitoring. Area sampling. Representative sampling. Assessment of intake. Individual Monitoring for External Exposure. Routine monitoring. Task-related monitoring. Individual Monitoring for Skin Contamination. Special Monitoring. The Use of Reference Levels. Recording levels. Investigation levels. Individual Dose Assessment. Record Keeping. Record retention and destruction. Accuracy. Quality Assurance. Management of Overexposed Worker. External Overexposure. Internal Overexposure. Skin contamination. Medical Response. Future Fitness for Radiation Work. Health Surveillance. References.