Human Behavior in Hazardous Situations book cover

Human Behavior in Hazardous Situations

Best Practice Safety Management in the Chemical and Process Industries

Human Behavior in Hazardous Situations introduces a new generation within safety management, fully developed with neuropsychological insights, developed in collaboration with, and put to test by, the chemical and process industries. Until now, there has been little theoretical framework on how, and especially why, people behave the way they do in hazardous situations.

Human Behavior in Hazardous Situations presents new theories, based on a human behavioral approach, to offer a fresh perspective on safety management. By way of case studies, practical tips and exercises, Dr Jan Daalmans demonstrates how this neuropsychological approach can be applied for those safety managers working in the Chemical, Process and Pharmaceutical industries.

Audience

Safety and Loss Prevention Specialists; Industrial Hygienists. Chemical Engineers, Process Engineers, Mechanical Engineers.

Paperback, 214 Pages

Published: October 2012

Imprint: Butterworth Heinemann

ISBN: 978-0-12-407209-1

Contents


  • General Introduction to This Book

    Part 1 Safety in Perspective

    Chapter 1 Evolution of Safety Management

    1.1 Safety Management Level 1

    1.2 Safety Management Level 2

    1.3 Safety Management Level 3

    1.4 Safety Management Level 4

    1.5 Summary

    Tips for Transfer

    Chapter 2 Evolution of Brainand Risk

    2.1 Stage 1, From 300 Million to 200 Million Years Ago - The Development of the Basic Brain

    2.2 Stage 2, From 200 Million to 2.5Million Years Ago - The Development of the Emotional Brain

    2.3 Stage 3, From 2.5 Million to 10 Thousand Years Ago - The Development of the Modern Brain

    2.4 Stage 4, From 10 Thousand to 200 Years Ago - The Development of Risk Tolerance

    2.5 Stage 5, The Last 200 Years - The Sudden Increase of New Dangers

    2.6 Conscious and Nonconscious

    2.7 Combining the Topic of Consciousness and the Three Parts of the Brain

    2.8 Where In the Brain?

    2.9 Summary

    Tips for Transfer

    Part 2 Risk and Safety in a Neuropsychological Perspective

    Chapter 3 Risk Sensitivity

    3.1 Creating Risk Sensitivity

    3.2 Reducing Risk Sensitivity

    3.3 The Combined Effect of Newness and Sensitivity

    3.4 Where In the Brain?

    3.5 Summary

    Tips for Transfer

    Chapter 4 Risk Understanding

    4.1 Enhancing Risk Understanding

    4.2 The Development of Risk Understanding

    4.3 Combining Newness, Sensitivity, and Awareness

    4.4 Where In the Brain?

    4.5 Summary

    Tips for Transfer

    Chapter 5 Safety Intuition

    5.1 Why Safety Always Needs Effort: Unbalances in the Feedback System of Safety Behavior

    5.2 Gut Feeling, the Nonconscious Guide

    5.3 The Role of Smellin the Danger System

    5.4 Ambivalence Toward Safety Costs and the Avoidance of Unsafe Situations

    5.5 The Perception of Reasonable Costs

    5.6 Unrealistic Optimism: Denying the Risk Probability

    5.7 Intuition: Traces of the Nonconscious in the Conscious

    5.8 Where in the Brain?

    5.9 Summary

    Tips to Transfer

    Chapter 6 Safety Awareness

    6.1 Awareness and Alertness

    6.2 The Relationship between Brain Frequency, Stress, and Alertness

    6.3 Where In the Brain and the Body?

    6.4 Summary

    Tips for Transfer

    Part 3 Influencing Safety Behavior

    Chapter 7 Influencing Safety Behavior via An Individual Approach

    7.1 What Is a SafetyBuddy?

    7.2 Who Can Play the Role of Safety Buddy?

    7.3 What Competences are Required for a Safety Buddy?

    7.4 What are the Activities of a Safety Buddy?

    7.5 The Safety Buddy and his Influence on Self-Image

    Tips for Transfer

    Chapter 8 Influencing Safety Behavior via a Team Approach

    8.1 What Makes a Group of People a Team or a Family?

    8.2 How Does Mirroring Work?

    8.3 Mirroring and Team Culture

    8.4 Mirror Systems and Behavioral Change

    8.5 The Scope of Mirroring

    8.6 Who Can Play the Role of a Challenger?

    8.7 Where In the Brain?

    8.8 Summary

    Tips for Transfer

    Chapter 9 Influencing Safety Behavior via An Organizational Approach

    9.1 The Role of Management.

    9.2 Management as a Model

    9.3 Managing Stress

    9.4 Managing the Readiness to Take Risks

    9.5 Managing an Enhancing Safety Atmosphere

    9.6 Managing Rules and Regulations within an Organization

    9.7 Corporate Safety Programs Based on Priming

    9.8 Summary

    Tips for Transfer

    Part 4 Organizational Safety Management

    Chapter 10 How to Manage Safety in an Organization

    10.1 Monitoring Safety

    10.2 Regression Effects

    10.3 HR and Safety: Rewarding Safety Behavior?

    10.4 Summary

    Tips for Transfer

    Safety Philosophy

    Bibliography

    Index

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