History of Neurology

Handbook of Clinical Neurology (Series Editors: Aminoff, Boller and Swaab)

Edited by

  • Stanley Finger, MD, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA
  • Francois Boller, George Washington University Medical School, Washington, DC, USA
  • Kenneth Tyler, MD, Reuler-Lewin Family Professor of Neurology, Professor of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, CO, USA

Handbook of Clinical Neurology: Volume 95 is the first of over 90 volumes of the handbook to be entirely devoted to the history of neurology. The book is a collection of historical materials from different neurology professionals. The book is divided into 6 sections and composed of 55 chapters organized around different aspects of the history of neurology. The first section presents the beginnings of neurology: ancient trepanation, its birth in Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt; the emergence of neurology in the biblical text and the Talmud; neurology in the Greco-Roman world and the period following Galen; neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages; and the development of neurology in the 17th and 18th centuries. The second section narrates the birth of localization theory; the beginning of neurology and histological applications, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, surgical neurology and other anatomo-clinical methods. The third section covers further development of the discipline, including methods of neurological illustration and hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery. This section also narrates the history of child neurology, neurodisability and neuroendocrinology. It also features the application of molecular biology on clinical neurology. The fourth section describes the dysfunctions of the nervous system and their history. The fifth and last section covers the regional landmarks of neurology and the different treatments and recovery. The text is informative and useful for neuroscience or neurology professional, researchers, clinical practitioners, mental health experts, psychiatrists, and academic students and scholars in neurology.
View full description


Neuroscience research workers


Book information

  • Published: December 2009
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-52009-8

Table of Contents

ForewordPrefaceList of contributorsSection 1 Beginnings 1. Ancient trepanation 2. Mesopotamia 3. Neurology in Ancient Egypt 4. Neurology in the Bible and the Talmud 5. The Greco-Roman world 6. After Galen: late Antiquity and the Islamic world 7. Neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages 8. The development of neurology and the neurological sciences in the 17th century 9. Understanding the nervous system in the 18th centurySection 2 Origins of modern neurology 10. The birth of localization theory 11. On the use of animal experimentation in the history of neurology 12. The anatomical foundations of clinical neurology 13. The contributions of neurophysiology to clinical neurology: an exercise in contemporary history 14. Landmarks of surgical neurology and the interplay of disciplines 15. Jean-Martin Charcot and the anatomo-clinical method of neurology 16. History of the development of the neurological examination 17. Cognitive assessment in neurology 18. The origins of functional brain imaging in humansSection 3 Further developments of the discipline 19. Visual images and neurological illustration 20. Neurological illustration: from photography to cinematography 21. Special hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery 22. A history of child neurology and neurodisability 23. History of neuroendocrinology: “the spring of primitive existence” 24. The coming of molecular biology and its impact on clinical neurologySection 4 Dysfunctions of the nervous system 25. Headache: an historical outline 26. A history of seizures and epilepsies: from the falling disease to dysrhythmias of the brain 27. A history of cerebrovascular disease 28. A history of bacterial meningitis 29. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: overview andfat-soluble vitamin A 30. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: the water-soluble B vitamins 31. Muscular dystrophy 32. Sensory and perceptual disorders 33. The history of movement disorders 34. The history of sleep medicine 35. The frontal lobes 36. History of aphasia: from brain to language 37. Alexia and agraphiaSection 5 Regional landmarks 38. American neurology 39. An historical overview of British neurology 40. History of neurology in France 41. The history of neurology in Scandinavia 42. Neurology and the neurological sciences in the German-speaking countries 43. The development of neurology in the Low Countries 44. History of neurology in Italy 45. A history of Russian and Soviet neuro(patho)logy 46. Neurology and traditional Chinese medicine 47. History of clinical neurology in Japan 48. History of neurology in Australia and New Zealand 49. Clinical neurology in Latin America 50. History of tropical neurologySection 6 Treatments and recovery 51. Recovery of function: redundancy and vicariation theories 52. The emergence of the age variable in 19th-century neurology: considerations of recoverypatterns in acquired childhood aphasia 53. Rehabilitation therapies 54. The discovery of neurotransmitters, and applications to neurology 55. Neural transplantationIndex