Highways book cover

Highways

'Highways' is a comprehensive textbook on all aspects of road engineering. This new edition, written by a team of acknowledged experts in the field, teams up with 'Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering' to become a worthy successor to O'Flaherty's classic 'Highway Engineering' set. This fourth edition covers road location and plans, roadwork materials, surface and subsurface moisture control, pavement design and construction, thickness design of bituminous and concrete pavements and road maintenance and rehabilitation. The content has been expanded and thoroughly updated to take into account new developments in the subject, making it essential reading for students of civil engineering.

Audience
Undergraduate and postgraduate students of civil engineering. Junior qualified engineers and technicians

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Published: December 2001

Imprint: Butterworth Heinemann

ISBN: 978-0-7506-5090-8

Contents

  • Introduction: An historical overview of the development of the roadC. A. O'FlahertyChapter 1 Road location C. A. O'Flaherty1.1 Complexity of the location process 1.2 Overview of the location process 1.3 Location surveys in non-built-up locales 1.4 Road location in built-up area 1.5 Locating water crossings 1.6 Aerial photography 1.7 Other remote sensing techniques 1.8 ReferencesChapter 2 Ground investigations C. A. O'Flaherty2.1 Investigation aims 2.2 Sequencing of the investigation 2.3 Subsurface exploration methods 2.4 Preparing the main report 2.5 ReferencesChapter 3 Plans, specifications and contracts A. Boyle3.1 Classical steps in preparing a program for a major road; An overview 3.2 Documentation of a major road improvement project 3.3 The European dimension 3.4 ReferencesChapter 4 Soils for roadworks C. A. O'Flaherty4.1 Soil formation and types of soil 4.2 Soil profiles 4.3 Soil particles 4.4 Soil water 4.5 Soil phase relationships 4.6 Frost action in soils 4.7 Identification and description of soils in the field 4.8 Soil classification 4.9 Basic soil tests 4.10 ReferencesChapter 5 Materials used in road pavements M. J. Brennan and C. A. O'Flaherty5.1 Penetration-grade refinery bitumens 5.2 Natural asphalts 5.3 Cutback bitumens 5.4 Bitumen emulsions 5.5 Road tars and tar-bitumens 5.6 Modified bitumens 5.7 Cements 5.8 Limes 5.9 Conventional aggregates 5.10 Secondary aggregates 5.11 ReferencesChapter 6 Soil-stabilised pavements C. A. O'Flaherty6.1 Why stabilise soils? 6.2 Mechanical stabilisation 6.3 Cement stabilisation 6.4 Lime stabilisation 6.5 Construction of cement- and lime-treated courses in pavements 6.6 Bituminous stabilisation 6.7 ReferencesChapter 7 Surface drainage for roads C. A. O'Flaherty7.1 Importance of surface drainage 7.2 Types and uses of surface drains 7.3 Estimating the surface run-off 7.4 Draining the carriageway 7.5 ReferencesChapter 8 Sub-surface moisture control for road pavements C. A. O'Flaherty8.1 Why sub-surface moisture control is so important 8.2 Protecting the road pavement and foundation 8.3 Designing and laying conventional longitudinal subdrains 8.4 French drains 8.5 Geotextiles in drains 8.6 ReferencesChapter 9 Introduction to pavement design C. A. O'Flaherty9.1 Evolution of the road pavement 9.2 The component layers of a road pavement 9.3 Some basic considerations affecting pavement design 9.4 Flexible pavement design methods 9.5 Rigid pavement design considerations 9.6 ReferencesChapter 10 Earthworks and unbound bases for pavements C. A. O'Flaherty10.1 Establishing the horizontal and vertical alignments 10.2 Earthworks quantities 10.3 Balancing earthworks quantities 10.4 Excavation and earthmoving equipment 10.5 Compaction specifications 10.6 Compaction equipment for earthworks 10.7 Constructing embankments on soft soils 10.8 Materials used in embankments 10.9 Preparing the subgrade 10.10 Unbound capping and subbase layers 10.11 Unbound roadbases 10.12 ReferencesChapter 11 Premixed bituminous-bound courses: Standard materials M. J. Brennan and C. A. O'Flaherty11.1 Advantages and disadvantages of standard material specifications 11.2 Harmonisation of European standards 11.3 Mechanisms by which asphalts and coated macadams distribute traffic stresses 11.4 Standard material specifications currently used in the United Kingdom 11.5 Possible future wearing course standard materials 11.6 ReferencesChapter 12 Design and construction of hot-mix bituminous surfacings and roadbases S. E. Zoorob12.1 Why design bituminous paving mixtures? 12.2 Standard 'recipe' approach 12.3 Engineering design approach 12.4 Outline of procedure for analysing a compacted paving mixture 12.5 Terms used in bituminous mix design 12.6 Marshall method of mix design 12.7 Advanced mix design methods 12.8 Construction methods fot hot-mix hot-laid bituminous materials 12.9 ReferencesChapter 13 Concrete pavement construction C. A. O'Flaherty13.1 Steps in the construction process 13.2 Preparing the foundation 13.3 Placing the forms for conventional paving trains 13.4 Joint assemblies and reinforcement 13.5 Preparing the concrete 13.6 Placing and finishing the concrete 13.7 Texturing of running surfaces 13.8 Curing the concrete 13.9 Other pavements with concrete 13.10 ReferencesChapter 14 Current British design practice in relation to bituminous and concrete pavements C. A. O'Flaherty14.1 Introduction 14.2 Foundation design 14.3 Traffic assessment 14.4 Thickness design of flexible and rigid pavements 14.5 ReferencesChapter 15 Analytical design of flexible pavements J. McElvaney and M. S. Snaith15.1 Introduction 15.2 Pavement design period and design loading 15.3 Structural analysis of layered elastic systems 15.4 Design criteria used in analytical methods 15.5 Pavement material and subgrade properties required for structural analysis 15.6 Layer characterisation for purposes of structural analysis 15.7 Damage computatations and performance models 15.8 Concluding comments 15.9 ReferencesChapter 16Chapter 17 Basic road maintenance operations J. E. Oliver17.1 Importance of maintenance 17.2 Scope of road maintenance 17.3 Maintenance management systems 17.4 Maintenance rating systems for bituminous roads 17.5 Maintenance rating systems for concrete roads 17.6 Maintenance of bituminous roads 17.7 Maintenance of concrete roads 17.8 Maintenance of unsurfaced soil-aggregate roads 17.9 Maintenance of other roadway features 17.10 Winter maintenance operations 17.11 External influences on maintenance operations 17.12 Future directions of road maintenance 17.13 ReferencesChapter 18Chapter 19 Design and usage of surface treatments H. A. Khalid19.1 Surface treatment types and purposes 19.2 Surface dressings recommended in Road Note 39 19.3 Factors affecting the use of surface dressing systems 19.4 Theory underlying the design of surface dressing 19.5 Applying surface dressing and avoiding failure 19.6 Slurry seals 19.7 Thin surface treatments 19.8 ReferencesChapter 20 Structural maintenance of roads D. McMullen and M. S. Snaith20.1Introduction 20.2 Concept of pavement strengthening 20.3 Structural assessment procedure 20.4 Use of deflection measurements 20.5 Use of deflection-life relationships 20.6 Overlay design methods for flexible pavements 20.7 Overlay design methods for concrete pavements 20.8 References

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