High Performance Silicon Imaging

Fundamentals and Applications of CMOS and CCD sensors

Edited by

  • Daniel Durini, Head of Systems Engineering, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany

High Performance Silicon Imaging covers the fundamentals of silicon image sensors, with a focus on existing performance issues and potential solutions. The book considers several applications for the technology as well. Silicon imaging is a fast growing area of the semiconductor industry. Its use in cell phone cameras is already well established, and emerging applications include web, security, automotive, and digital cinema cameras.

Part one begins with a review of the fundamental principles of photosensing and the operational principles of silicon image sensors. It then focuses in on charged coupled device (CCD) image sensors and complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors. The performance issues considered include image quality, sensitivity, data transfer rate, system level integration, rate of power consumption, and the potential for 3D imaging. Part two then discusses how CMOS technology can be used in a range of areas, including in mobile devices, image sensors for automotive applications, sensors for several forms of scientific imaging, and sensors for medical applications.

High Performance Silicon Imaging is an excellent resource for both academics and engineers working in the optics, photonics, semiconductor, and electronics industries.

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Audience

Electronics engineers, integrated circuit design engineers, life science researchers employing fluorescence techniques, physicists involved in optical microscopy

 

Book information

  • Published: May 2014
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • ISBN: 978-0-85709-598-5


Table of Contents

Part I Fundamentals

1 Fundamental principles of photosensing
D. Durini and D. Arutinov, Fraunhofer Institute for Microelectronic Circuits and Systems, Germany

2 Operational principles of silicon image sensors
D. Durini and D. Arutinov, Fraunhofer Institute for Microelectronic Circuits and Systems, Germany

3 Charge coupled device (CCD) image sensors
M. Lesser, University of Arizona, USA

4 Backside illuminated (BSI) complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors
A. Lahav, Tower Semiconductor Ltd., Israel and A. Fenigstein and A. Strum, TowerJazz, USA

5 Circuits for high performance complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors
B. Choubey, University of Oxford, UK and W. Mughal and L. Gouveia, University of Glasgow, UK

6 Smart cameras on a chip: using complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors to create smart vision chips
D. Ginhac, Université de Bourgogne, France

Part II Applications

7 Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors for mobile devices
R. J. Gove, Aptina Imaging, USA

8 Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors for automotive applications
C. De Locht and H. Van den Broeck, Melexis Technologies NV, Belgium

9 Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors for use in space
J. Bogaerts, CMOSIS, Belgium

10 Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) sensors for high-performance scientific imaging
R. Turchetta, Science & Technology Facilities Council, UK

11 Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) sensors for fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM)
R. K. Henderson, University of Edinburgh, UK, B. R. Rae, ST Microelectronics, UK and D.-U. Li, University of Strathclyde, UK

12 Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) X-ray sensors
A. Strum and A. Fenigstein, TowerJazz, USA

13 Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) and charge coupled device (CCD) image sensors in high-definition TV imaging
P. Centen, Grass Valley, The Netherlands

14 High performance silicon imagers: principles and applications in astrophysics, medicine and other fields
S. Nikzad, California Institute of Technology, USA