High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate

Edited by

  • Hans Meltofte, National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, Denmark
  • Torben Christensen, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Physical Geography and Ecosystems Analysis, Lund University, Sweden
  • Bo Elberling, National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, University of Aarhus, Roskilde, Denmark
  • Mads Forchhammer, National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, Centre for Integrated Population Ecology, University of Aarhus, Roskilde, Denmark
  • Morten Rasch, Danish Polar Center, Copenhagen, Denmark

The book is based on data collected during the past 10 years by Zackenberg Ecological Research Operations (ZERO) at Zackenberg Research Station in Northeast Greenland. This volume covers the function of Arctic ecosystems based on the most comprehensive long-term data set in the world from a well-defined Arctic ecosystem. Editors offer a comprehensive and authoritative analysis of how climate variability is influencing an Arctic ecosystem and how the Arctic ecosystems have inherent feedback mechanisms interacting with climate variability or change.
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Ecologists, environmentalists, terrestrial ecologists


Book information

  • Published: May 2008
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-373665-9

Table of Contents

PART 1 BACKGROUND1 IntroductionBy Hans Meltofte, Torben R. Christensen, Bo Elberling, Mads C. Forchhammer & Morten Rasch2 Climate and climate change with an arctic perspective By Martin Stendel, Jens Hesselbjerg Christensen & Dorthe Petersen3 Late Quaternary geology, biology and archaeology of the Wollaston Forland region, East GreenlandBy Ole Bennike, Claus Andreassen,, Louis Beyens, Jens Böcher, Hanne H. Christiansen, Bent Fredskild, Ole Humlum, Bjarne Holm Jacobsen, Erik Jeppesen, David R. Klein, Mikkel Sørensen & Pieter Ledeganck4 Adaptations, invasions, dispersal and pollinationBy David R. Klein, Mads C. Forchhammer, Rebekka Lundgren, Hans Henrik Bruun & Kirsten Christoffersen 5 The study areaBy Hans Meltofte & Morten RaschPART 2 PRESENT PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT AND PROCESSES6 The present climateBy Birger Ulf Hansen, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Dorthe Petersen, Sebastian Haugaard Mernild & Morten Rasch7 Permafrost and periglacial geomorphologyBy Hanne H. Christiansen, Ole Humlum, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Birger Ulf Hansen, Bent Hasholt & Morten Rasch8 Snow distribution and meltBy Birger Ulf Hansen, Jørgen Hinkler, Mikkel Tamstorf, Hanne H. Christiansen & Dorthe Petersen9 Hydrological processesBy Bent Hasholt, Dorthe Petersen, Sebastian Haugaard Mernild, Morten Rasch, Bjarne Holm Jakobsen, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Jørgen Hinkler, Birger Ulf Hansen, Bo Elberling & Søren RysgaardPART 3 ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES 10 Soil and plant community characteristicsBy Bo Elberling, Anders Michelsen, Bjarne Holm Jakobsen, Mikkel Tamstorf, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Christian Bay, Lotte Illeris, Louis Beyens, Birger Ulf Hansen & Morten Rasch11 Inter-annual variability of plant phenology and productivityBy Susanne M. König, Lotte Illeris, Anders Michelsen, Mikkel Tamstorf & Birger Ulf Hansen 12 Plant-herbivore interactionsBy Thomas B. Berg, Mads C. Forchhammer, Peter J. Aastrup, Toke T. Høye & David R. Klein 13 Invertebrates and climate: spatio-temporal changes in phenology, dynamics and diversityBy Toke T. Høye & Mads C. Forchhammer14 Effects of food availability, climate and predation on breeding performance of wadersBy Hans Meltofte, Toke T. Høye, Niels M. Schmidt, Mads C. Forchhammer, Jannik Hansen & Ditte Katrine Hendrichsen15 Vertebrate predator-prey interactionsBy Niels M. Schmidt, Thomas B. Berg, Mads C. Forchhammer, Toke T. Høye, Line A. Kyhn, Hans Meltofte & Hans Pedersen16 Lake flora and fauna in relation to ice-melt, water temperature and chemistry By Kirsten Christoffersen & Erik Jeppesen17 Interspecific variation in population dynamical responses to climate changeBy Mads C. Forchhammer, Niels M. Schmidt, Toke T. Høye & Erik Jeppesen18 Solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B) in Zackenberg: inter-annual variability and the impact on higher plants and microbial communities By Kristian Albert, Linda Bredahl, Paul Eriksen, Kirsten B. Håkansson, Teis N. Mikkelsen, Riikka Rinan & Helge Ro-Poulsen19 Control of soil CO2 and CH4 production by soil temperatures, freezing and snowmeltBy Bo Elberling, Claus Nordstrøm, Louise Grøndahl, Henrik Søgaard, Thomas Friborg & Torben R. Christensen20 Spatial and inter-annual variability of trace gas fluxes in a heterogeneous landscapeBy Louise Grøndahl, Thomas Friborg, Torben R. Christensen, Anna Ekberg, Bo Elberling, Nanna Høegh, Lotte Illeris, Fleur Marchand, Ivan Nijs, Claus Nordstrøm, Charlotte Sigsgaard & Henrik SøgaardPART 4 ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES21 Zackenberg in a circumpolar context: the behaviour of selected ecosystem elements in relation to changes in large-scale climate By Mads C. Forchhammer, Torben R. Christensen, Birger Ulf Hansen, Mikkel P. Tamstorf, Jørgen Hinkler, Niels M. Schmidt & Toke T. Høye 22 Modelling ecosystem responses to future climate: a first stepMads C. Forchhammer & Torben R. Christensen