Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies book cover

Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies

Unconventional reservoirs of oil and gas represent a huge additional global source of fossil fuels. However, there is much still to be done to improve techniques for their processing to make recovery and refining of these particular energy sources more cost-effective. Brief but readable, Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies provide readers with a strategy for future production (the up-stream) and upgrading (the down-stream). The book provides the reader with an understandable overview of the chemistry and engineering behind the latest developments and technologies in the industry as well as the various environmental regulations.

Clear and rigorous, Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies will prove tool for those scientists and engineers already engaged in fossil fuel science and technology as well as scientists, non-scientists, engineers, and non-engineers who wish to gain a general overview or update of the science and technology of unconventional fossil fuels in general and upgrading technologies in particular. The use of microorganisms and a number of physical methods, such as ultrasound, median microwave, cold plasma, electrokinetic and monocrystalline intermetallics, etc., will be discussed for the first time.


Production engineers, Reservoir Engineers, Petroleum Process Engineers, Geologists and Research and development engineers

Paperback, 176 Pages

Published: April 2013

Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 978-0-12-404570-5


  • "Written in plain language, this slim book explains the different processes for refining heavy feedstocks, highlighting recent improvements in thermal cracking, catalytic cracking, catalytic hydrotreating, hydrocracking, and solvent processes."--Research and Reference Book News, August 2013


  • Part One –Primary Upgrading Technologies

    1. Visbreaking
    2. Delayed Coking
    3. Fluid Coking and Flexicoking
    4. Fluid Catalytic Cracking
    5. Hydroconversion
    6. Part Two – Secondary Upgrading Technologies

    7. Hydrocracking
    8. Hydrotreatment for Bitumen-Derived Liquids
    9. Part Three – Enhanced Upgrading

    10. Solvent Deasphalting and Supercritical Extraction
    11. Gasification
    12. Hydrovisbreaking and Fast Pyrolysis


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