Handbook of Leak, Spill and Accidental Release Prevention Techniques book cover

Handbook of Leak, Spill and Accidental Release Prevention Techniques

Provides technical guidance to prevent leaks, spills, or other accidental releases of hazardous substances from fixed facilities.

Audience
Industrial hygienists and safety engineers throughout industry.

Hardbound, 511 Pages

Published: December 1992

Imprint: William Andrew

ISBN: 978-0-8155-1296-7

Contents

  • 1. Regulations and Codes 1.1 Federal Regulations 1.2 Technical Codes 1.3 National Codes and Standards2. Process Hazards Controls 2.1 Control Characteristics of the Process 2.2 Flow Measurement and Control 2.3 Pressure Control 2.4 Temperature Control 2.5 Quantity Control 2.6 Mixing 2.7 Composition Control3. Equipment Hazards Control 3.1 Materials of Construction 3.2 General Equipment Failure Modes 3.3 Vessels 3.4 Piping, Fittings, and Valves 3.5 Process Machinery 3.6 Instrumentation and Control4. Secondary Containment Controls 4.1 Flares 4.2 Scrubbers 4.3 Enclosures (Equipment and Vessels) 4.4 Piping Enclosures 4.5 Container Storage5. Aboveground Storage Tanks 5.1 Tank Construction 5.2 Types of Storage Tanks 5.3 Selection of Tank Type 5.4 Tank Materials 5.5 Tank Design Criteria 5.6 Drainage Control 5.7 Causes of Releases 5.8 Corrosion Control 5.9 Secondary Containment 5.10 Tank Monitoring 5.11 Overfill Protection 5.12 Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions 5.13 RCRA Regulations for Storage of Hazardous Wastes 5.14 Standards of Performance for Volatile Organix Liquid Storage Vessels6. Underground Storage Tanks 6.1 Regulations 6.2 Causes of Release 6.3 Systems Description 6.4 Installation 6.5 Preventing System Failures 6.6 Overfill Prevention 6.7 Vapor Recovery Systems 6.8 Leak Protection 6.9 Corrosion Control 6.10 Internal Inspection7. Material Transfer/Loading/Unloading 7.1 Process Materials/Equipment 7.2 Instrumentation 7.3 Venting 7.4 Piping 7.5 Valving 7.6 Tank Truck Loading/Unloading 7.7 Railroad Tank Car Loading/Unloading 7.8 Marine Loading/Unloading 7.9 Solids Unloading/Transfer/Loading/Packaging 7.10 Transportation Pipelines8. Dust Control 8.1 Exhaust Hoods 8.2 Ductwork 8.3 Wet Dust Suppresion Systems 8.4 Airborne Dust Capture Systems 8.5 Dust Collectors 8.6 Disposal of Collected Dust 8.7 Explosion Prevention 8.8 Fugitive Dust from Waste Piles9. Wastewater Emissions Control 9.1 Wastewater Collection and Treatment 9.2 Organic Compound Removal from the Liquid Phase 9.3 Direct Contact Wastewater 9.4 Indirect Contact Wastewater 9.5 Sources of Air Emissions 9.6 Collection System Controls 9.7 Surface Impoundments 9.8 Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities10. Facility Spill and Leak Prevention Tactics 10.1 Spill and Leak Prevention Organization 10.2 Risk Identification and Assessment 10.3 Materials Compatibility 10.4 Reporting and Record Keeping 10.5 Good Housekeepiing 10.6 Preventive Maintenance 10.7 Security 10.8 Employee Training 10.9 Operator Training 10.10 Operating and Maintenance Manuals 10.11 Substitutes for Hazardous Materials 10.12 Reduction of Toxic Material Inventories 10.13 Education and Certification 10.14 Community Awareness Programs 10.15 Emergency Response Plan 10.16 Vapor Disperson Modeling11. Plant Siting and Equipment Layout 11.1 Siting 11.2 Layout 11.3 Storage Layout Consideration 11.4 Miscellaneous Design Considerations 11.5 Designing for Post-Release Mitigation12. Detection and Warning Systems 12.1 Detectors and Systems 12.2 Design 12.3 Considerations13. Monitoring VOC Emissions 13.1 Portable VOC Detection Devices 13.2 Other Detection Devices 13.3 Method 21- Determination of VOC Leaks from Process Equipment 13.4 Ambient Air Modeling14. Estimating Emissions of VOCs and VHAPs from Equipment Leaks 14.1 Development of Emission Estimates15. Prevention Techniques for Selected Major Toxic ChemicalsReferencesIndex

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