Gray

Gray's Atlas of Anatomy

Gray’s Atlas of Anatomy, the companion resource to the popular Gray's Anatomy for Students, presents a vivid, visual depiction of anatomical structures. Newly updated with a wealth of material to facilitate study, this medical textbook demonstrates the correlation of structures with appropriate clinical images and surface anatomy - essential for proper identification in the dissection lab and successful preparation for course exams. Clinically focused, consistently and clearly illustrated throughout, and logically organized, Gray's Atlas of Anatomy makes it easier than ever to master the essential anatomy knowledge you need!

Audience
Medical students & residents, Health Profession students, Nursing students

Paperback, 648 Pages

Published: July 2014

Imprint: Churchill Livingstone

ISBN: 978-1-4557-4802-0

Contents

  • 1

    THE BODY

    Anatomical position, terms, and planes 2

    Anatomical planes and imaging 3

    Surface anatomy: anterior view 4

    Surface anatomy: posterior view 5

    Skeleton: anterior 6

    Skeleton: posterior 7

    Muscles: anterior 8

    Muscles: posterior 9

    Vascular system: arteries 10

    Vascular system: veins 11

    Lymphatic system 12

    Nervous system 13

    Sympathetics 14

    Parasympathetics 15

    Dermatomes 16

    Cutaneous nerves 17

    2

    BACK

    Surface anatomy 20

    Vertebral column 21

    Regional vertebrae 22

    Cervical vertebrae 23

    Thoracic vertebrae 26

    Lumbar vertebrae 28

    Sacrum 31

    Intervertebral foramina and discs 32

    Intervertebral disc problems 33

    Joints and ligaments 35

    Back musculature: surface anatomy 36

    Superficial musculature 37

    Intermediate musculature 39

    Deep musculature 40

    Back musculature: transverse section 42

    Suboccipital region 43

    Spinal nerves 44

    Spinal cord 45

    Spinal cord vasculature 46

    Venous drainage of spinal cord 47

    Meninges 48

    Spinal cord: imaging 50

    Transverse section: thoracic region 52

    Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves 53

    Tables 54

    3

    THORAX

    Surface anatomy with bones 62

    Bony framework 63

    Ribs 65

    Articulations 66

    Breast 68

    Pectoral region 70

    Thoracic wall muscles 72

    Diaphragm 73

    Arteries of the thoracic wall 74

    Veins of the thoracic wall 75

    Nerves of the thoracic wall 76

    Lymphatics of the thoracic wall 77

    Intercostal nerves and arteries 78

    Pleural cavities and mediastinum 79

    Parietal pleura 80

    Surface projections of pleural recesses 81

    Right lung 82

    Left lung 83

    Lung lobes: surface relationship 84

    Lung lobes: imaging 85

    Bronchial tree 86

    Bronchopulmonary segments 87

    Pulmonary vessels and plexus 88

    Pulmonary vessels: imaging 89

    Mediastinum 91

    Pericardium 92

    Pericardial layers 93

    Anterior surface of heart 94

    Base and diaphragmatic surface of heart 95

    Right atrium 96

    Right ventricle 97

    Left atrium 98

    Left ventricle 99

    Aortic valve and cardiac skeleton 100

    Cardiac chambers and heart valves 101

    Coronary vessels 102

    Coronary arteries and variations 103

    Cardiac conduction system 105

    Auscultation points and heart sounds 106

    Cardiac innervation 107

    Superior mediastinum: thymus 108

    Superior mediastinum: veins and arteries 109

    Superior mediastinum: arteries and nerves 110

    Superior mediastinum: imaging 111

    Superior mediastinum: veins and trachea 112

    Mediastinum: imaging 113

    Mediastinum: view from right 114

    Mediastinum: imaging - view from right 115

    Mediastinum: view from left 116

    Mediastinum: imaging - view from left 117

    Posterior mediastinum 118

    Mediastinum: imaging 120

    Transverse section: TVIII level 124

    Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves 125

    Visceral efferent (motor) innervation of the heart 126

    Visceral afferents 127

    Tables 128

    4

    ABDOMEN

    Surface anatomy 134

    Quadrants and regions 135

    Abdominal wall 136

    Muscles 138

    Muscles: rectus sheath 141

    Vessels of the abdominal wall 142

    Arteries and lymphatics of the abdominal wall 143

    Nerves of the abdominal wall 144

    Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves 145

    Inguinal region 146

    Inguinal canal 148

    Inguinal hernias 150

    Anterior abdominal wall 151

    Greater omentum 152

    Abdominal viscera 153

    Peritoneal cavity 154

    Abdominal sagittal section 155

    Abdominal coronal section 156

    Arterial supply of viscera 157

    Stomach 158

    Spleen 159

    Arteries of stomach and spleen 160

    Duodenum 162

    Small intestine 164

    Large intestine 166

    Ileocecal junction 168

    Gastrointestinal tract: imaging 169

    Mesenteric arteries 170

    Liver 172

    Vessels of the liver 174

    Segments of the liver 175

    Pancreas and gallbladder 176

    Vasculature of pancreas and duodenum 179

    Venous drainage of viscera 180

    Portosystemic anastomoses 182

    Posterior wall 183

    Vessels of the posterior wall 184

    Diaphragm 185

    Kidneys 186

    Gross structure of kidneys 188

    Kidneys: imaging 189

    Renal vasculature 190

    Branches of the abdominal aorta 192

    Inferior vena cava 193

    Abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava: imaging 194

    Lumbar plexus 196

    Lumbar plexus: cutaneous distribution 197

    Lymphatics 198

    Abdominal innervation 199

    Splanchnic nerves 200

    Visceral efferent (motor) innervation diagram 201

    Visceral afferent (sensory) innervation and referred pain diagram 202

    Kidney and ureter visceral afferent (sensory) diagram 204 

    Tables 206

    5

    PELVIS AND PERINEUM

    Surface anatomy and articulated pelvis in men 212

    Surface anatomy and articulated pelvis in women 214

    Pelvic girdle 216

    Pelvic girdle: imaging 217

    Lumbosacral joint 218

    Sacro-iliac joint 219

    Pelvic inlet and outlet 220

    Orientation of pelvic girdle and pelvic brim 221

    Pelvic viscera and perineum in men 222

    Pelvic viscera and perineum in men: imaging 223

    Pelvic viscera and perineum in women 224

    Pelvic viscera and perineum in women: imaging 225

    Lateral wall of pelvic cavity 226

    Floor of pelvic cavity: pelvic diaphragm 227

    Rectum and bladder in situ 230

    Rectum 231

    Bladder in men 232

    Bladder in women 233

    Reproductive system in men 234

    Prostate 235

    Prostate and seminal vesicles 237

    Scrotum 238

    Testes 239

    Penis 240

    Reproductive system in women 241

    Uterus and ovaries 242

    Uterus 242

    Uterus: imaging 243

    Pelvic fascia 245

    Arterial supply of pelvis 246

    Venous drainage of pelvis 247

    Vasculature of the pelvic viscera 248

    Vasculature of uterus 249

    Venous drainage of prostate and penis 250

    Venous drainage of rectum 251

    Sacral and coccygeal nerve plexuses 252

    Pelvic nerve plexus 253

    Hypogastric plexus 254

    Surface anatomy of the perineum 255

    Borders and ceiling of the perineum 258

    Deep pouch and perineal membrane 259

    Muscles and erectile tissues in men 260

    Erectile tissue in men: imaging 261

    Muscles and erectile tissues in women 262

    Erectile tissue in women: imaging 263

    Internal pudendal artery and vein 264

    Pudendal nerve 265

    Vasculature of perineum 266

    Nerves of perineum 267

    Lymphatics of pelvis and perineum in men 268

    Lymphatics of pelvis and perineum in women 269

    Lymphatics 270

    Dermatomes 271

    Innervation of reproductive system in men 272

    Innervation of reproductive system in women 273

    Innervation of bladder 274

    Pelvic cavity imaging in men 275

    Pelvic cavity imaging in women 278

    Tables 284 

    6

    LOWER LIMB

    Surface anatomy 292

    Bones of the lower limb 293

    Pelvic bones and sacrum 294

    Articulated pelvis 295

    Proximal femur 296

    Hip joint 297

    Hip joint: structure and arterial supply 299

    Gluteal region: attachments and superficial musculature 300

    Gluteal region: superficial and deep muscles 301

    Gluteal region: arteries and nerves 302

    Distal femur and proximal tibia and fibula 304

    Thigh: muscle attachments 305

    Thigh: anterior superficial musculature 306

    Thigh: posterior superficial musculature 307

    Thigh: anterior compartment muscles 308

    Thigh: medial compartment muscles 309

    Femoral triangle 310

    Anterior thigh: arteries and nerves 311

    Anterior thigh: arteries 312

    Thigh: posterior compartment muscles 313

    Posterior thigh: arteries and nerves 314

    Transverse sections: thigh 316

    Knee joint 318

    Ligaments of the knee 320

    Menisci and cruciate ligaments 322

    Knee: bursa and capsule 326

    Knee surface: muscles, capsule, and arteries 327

    Popliteal fossa 328

    Tibia and fibula 329

    Bones of the foot 330

    Bones and joints of the foot 333

    Talus and calcaneus 334

    Ankle joint 335

    Ligaments of the ankle joint 336

    Leg: muscle attachments 339

    Posterior leg: superficial muscles 340

    Posterior compartment: deep muscles 341

    Posterior leg: arteries and nerves 342

    Lateral compartment: muscles 343

    Anterior leg: superficial muscles 344

    Anterior compartment: muscles 345

    Anterior leg: arteries and nerves 346

    Leg: cutaneous nerves 347

    Transverse sections: leg 348

    Foot: muscle attachments 350

    Foot: ligaments 351

    Dorsum of foot 353

    Dorsum of foot: arteries and nerves 354

    Plantar aponeurosis 356

    Plantar region (sole) musculature: first layer 357

    Plantar region (sole) musculature: second layer 358

    Plantar region (sole) musculature: third layer 359

    Plantar region (sole) musculature: fourth layer 360

    Plantar region (sole): arteries and nerves 361

    Dorsal hood and tarsal tunnel 363

    Superficial veins of the lower limb 364

    Lymphatics of the lower limb 365

    Anterior cutaneous nerves and dermatomes of the lower limb 366

    Posterior cutaneous nerves and dermatomes of the lower limb 367

    Tables 368 

    7

    UPPER LIMB

    Surface anatomy 384

    Bones of the upper limb 385

    Bony framework of shoulder 386

    Scapula 387

    Clavicle: joints and ligaments 388

    Proximal humerus 389

    Glenohumeral joint 390

    Muscle attachments 392

    Pectoral region 394

    Deep pectoral region 395

    Walls of the axilla 396

    The four rotator cuff muscles 398

    Deep vessels and nerves of the shoulder 400

    Axillary artery 401

    Brachial artery 402

    Brachial plexus 403

    Medial and lateral cords 404

    Posterior cord 405

    Distal end of humerus and proximal end of radius and ulna 406

    Muscle attachments 407

    Anterior compartment: muscles 408

    Anterior compartment: arteries and nerves 410

    Veins of the arm 411

    Posterior compartment: muscles 412

    Posterior compartment: arteries and nerves 414

    Lymphatics of the arm 415

    Transverse sections: arm 416

    Anterior cutaneous nerves of the arm 418

    Posterior cutaneous nerves of the arm 419

    Elbow joint 420

    Elbow joint: capsule and ligaments 422

    Cubital fossa 424

    Radius and ulna 425

    Bones of the hand and wrist joint 426

    Imaging of the hand and wrist joint 427

    Bones of the hand 428

    Joints and ligaments of the hand 429

    Muscle attachments of forearm 430

    Anterior compartment of forearm: muscles 431

    Anterior compartment of forearm: arteries and nerves 434

    Posterior compartment of forearm: muscles 435

    Posterior compartment of forearm: arteries and nerves 437

    Transverse sections: forearm 438

    Carpal tunnel 440

    Muscle attachments of the hand 442

    Superficial palmar region (palm) of hand 443

    Tendon sheaths of hand 444

    Lumbrical muscles 445

    Intrinsic muscles of hand 446

    Palmar region (palm) of hand: arteries and nerves 448

    Arteries of the hand 450

    Innervation of the hand: median and ulnar nerves 451

    Dorsum of hand 452

    Dorsal hoods 453

    Dorsum of hand: arteries 454

    Dorsum of hand: nerves 455

    Anatomical snuffbox 456

    Superficial veins and lymphatics of forearm 457

    Anterior cutaneous nerves of forearm 458

    Posterior cutaneous nerves of upper limb 459

    Tables 460

    8

    HEAD AND NECK

    Surface anatomy with bones 476

    Bones of the skull 477

    Skull: anterior view 478

    Skull: lateral view 480

    Skull: posterior view 482

    Skull: superior view and roof 483

    Skull: inferior view 484

    Skull: cranial cavity 485

    Ethmoid, lacrimal bone, inferior concha, and vomer 486

    Maxilla and palatine bone 487

    Skull: muscle attachments 488

    Scalp and meninges 490

    Dural partitions 491

    Dural arteries and nerves 492

    Dural venous sinuses 493

    Brain 494

    Brain: imaging 496

    Cranial nerves 498

    Arterial supply to brain 500

    Cutaneous distribution of trigeminal nerve [V] 503

    Facial muscles 504

    Vasculature, facial nerve [VII] and lymphatics 506

    Deep arteries and veins of parotid region 507

    Bony orbit 508

    Section through orbit and structures of eyelid 509

    Eyelids and lacrimal apparatus 510

    Innervation of the lacrimal gland 511

    Muscles of the eyeball 512

    Innervation of the orbit and eyeball 513

    Eye movements 514

    Vasculature of orbit 515

    Eyeball 516

    Eye imaging 517

    Ear surface and sensory innervation 520

    Ear 521

    Middle ear 522

    Internal ear 524

    Ear imaging 525

    Temporal and infratemporal fossae 526

    Bones of the temporal and infratemporal fossae 527

    Temporal and infratemporal fossae 528

    Temporomandibular joint 530

    Mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve [V] 531

    Parasympathetic innervation 532

    Arteries and veins of temporal and infratemporal fossae 533

    Pterygopalatine fossa 534

    Neck surface anatomy 536

    Bones of the neck 537

    Compartments and fascia of the neck 538

    Superficial veins of the neck 539

    Muscles of the neck 540

    Nerves in the neck 542

    Cranial nerves in the neck 543

    Cervical plexus and sympathetic trunk 544

    Arteries of the neck 546

    Root of the neck: arteries 548

    Lymphatics of the neck 550

    Pharynx 552

    Muscles of the pharynx 554

    Innervation of the pharynx 556

    Vasculature of the pharynx 557

    Larynx 558

    Laryngeal cavity 560

    Muscles of the larynx 561

    Innervation of the larynx 562

    Thyroid gland 563

    Vasculature of the thyroid gland 564

    Nose and paranasal sinuses 566

    Nasal cavity: bones 567

    Nasal cavity: mucosal linings 568

    Vasculature and innervation of the nasal cavity 569

    Sinus imaging 570

    Oral cavity: bones 572

    Teeth 573

    Teeth: imaging 574

    Anatomy of teeth 575

    Vessels and nerves supplying teeth 576

    Innervation of teeth and gums 577

    Muscles and salivary glands of the oral cavity 578

    Vessels and nerves of the tongue 579

    Tongue 580

    Hard and soft palate 581

    Palate 582

    Innervation of oral cavity 583

    Cranial nerves 584

    Visceral motor pathways in the head 586

    Tables 588

    INDEX 609

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