Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies

The Problem, its Characterisation and Effects on Particular Alloy Classes

Edited by

  • Richard Gangloff
  • Brian Somerday, 1

Many modern energy systems are reliant on the production, transportation, storage, and use of gaseous hydrogen. The safety, durability, performance and economic operation of these systems is challenged by operating-cycle dependent degradation by hydrogen of otherwise high performance materials. This important two-volume work provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the latest research into managing hydrogen embrittlement in energy technologies.

Volume 1 is divided into three parts, the first of which provides an overview of the hydrogen embrittlement problem in specific technologies including petrochemical refining, automotive hydrogen tanks, nuclear waste disposal and power systems, and H2 storage and distribution facilities. Part two then examines modern methods of characterization and analysis of hydrogen damage and part three focuses on the hydrogen degradation of various alloy classes

With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Volume 1 of Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies is an invaluable reference tool for engineers, designers, materials scientists, and solid mechanicians working with safety-critical components fabricated from high performance materials required to operate in severe environments based on hydrogen. Impacted technologies include aerospace, petrochemical refining, gas transmission, power generation and transportation.
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Professionals and academics.


Book information

  • Published: January 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • ISBN: 978-1-84569-677-1

Table of Contents

Part 1 The hydrogen embrittlement problem: Hydrogen production and containment; Hydrogen-induced disbonding and embrittlement of steels used in petrochemical refining; Assessing hydrogen embrittlement in automotive hydrogen tanks; Gaseous hydrogen issues in nuclear waste disposal; Hydrogen embrittlement in nuclear power systems; Standards and codes to control hydrogen-induced cracking in pressure vessels and pipes for hydrogen gas storage and transport. Part 2 Characterisation and analysis of hydrogen embrittlement: Fracture and fatigue test methods in hydrogen gas; Mechanics of modern test methods and quantitive-accelerated testing for hydrogen embrittlement; Metallographic and Fractographic techniques for characterising and understanding hydrogen-assisted cracking of metals; Fatigue crack initiation and fatigue life of metals exposed to hydrogen; Effects of hydrogen on fatigue-crack propagation in steels. Part 3 The hydrogen embrittlement of alloy classes: Hydrogen embrittlement of high-strength steels; Hydrogen trapping phenomena in martensitic steels; Hydrogen embrittlement of carbon steels and their welds; Hydrogen embrittlement of high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels and their welds; Hydrogen embrittlement of austenitic stainless steels and their welds; Hydrogen embrittlement of nickel, cobalt and iron-based superalloys; Hydrogen effects in titanium alloys; Hydrogen embrittlement of aluminium and aluminium-based alloys; Hydrogen-induced degradation of rubber seals.