Fundamentals of Salt Water DesalinationBy
- H.T. El-Dessouky
- H.M. Ettouney
Industrial desalination of sea and brackish water is becoming an essential part in providing sustainable sources of fresh water for a larger number of communities around the world. Desalination is a main source of fresh water in the Gulf countries, a number of the Caribbean and Mediterranean Islands, and several municipalities in a large number of countries. As the industry expands there is a pressing need to have a clear and well-written textbook that focuses on desalination fundamentals and other industrial aspects.
This book focuses on the processes widely used in industry, which include multistage flash desalination and reverse osmosis. Also, other desalination processes with attractive features and high potential are featured.
It includes a large number of solved examples, which are explained in simple and careful matter that allow the reader to follow and understand the development. The data used in the development of the examples and case studies are extracted from existing desalination plants.
This title also includes comparisons of model predictions against results reported in literature as well as available experimental and industrial data. Several industries include similar unit operation processes, i.e., evaporators, condensers, flashing units, membrane separation, and chemical treatment. Examples of such industries include wastewater treatment, food, petroleum, petrochemical, power generation, and pulp and paper. Process fundamentals and design procedures of such unit processes follow the same procedures given in this textbook.
For engineers, designers, developers, graduate students and researchers.
Published: March 2002
- Chapter headings. Selected papers. Introduction. Resources and need for water desalination. Composition of seawater. Single Effect Evaporation. Single effect evaporation. Evaporators. Single Effect Evaporation - Vapor Compression. Single effect thermal vapor compression. Single effect mechanical vapor compression. Multiple Effect Evaporation. Developments in multiple effect evaporation. Forward feed multiple effect evaporation. Multiple Effect Evaporation - Vapor Compression. Parallel feed multiple effect evaporation. Forward feed multiple effect evaporation withthermal vapor compression. Multi Stage Flash Distillation. Developments in MSF. MSF flashing stage. Reverse Osmosis. Historical background. Elements of membrane separation. Reverse Osmosis Feed Treatment, Biofouling, and Membrane Cleaning. Nee for pretreatment processes in RO. Testing methods. Associated Processes. Venting of non-condensable gases. Steam jet ejectors. Economic Analysis of Desalination Processes. Factors affecting product cost. Elements of economic calculations. Appendix A: Thermodynamic Properties. Appendix B: Thermodynamic Losses. Appendix C: Heat Transfer Coefficients. Appendix D: Computer Package. Index.