From Magma to Tephra
Modelling Physical Processes of Explosive Volcanic EruptionsEdited By
- A. Freundt, GEOMAR, Forschungszentrum für Marine Geowissenschaften, Wischhofstrasse 1-3, Geb. 4, D-24148 Kiel, Germany.
- M. Rosi, Università di Pisa, Dipart. di Scienze della Terra, Via S. Maria, 53, I-56126 Pisa, Italy.
For research volcanologists, private scientists, professionals, university libraries, government research institutes, graduate students and researchers.
Developments in Volcanology
Published: February 2001
...Those who want a timely summary of much widely disseminated work will find it invaluable... It is a very good addition to the volcanological literature and the editors are to be commended.
(S. Self), Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
...gives the reader access to the status of research and modelling in a series of fields of volcanology that literally accompany him/her from the dynamics of magma vesiculation and fragmentation to the deposits of explosive eruptions. ...this is a most valuable book ... advanced students but also (or especially) professional volcanologists and researchers will find in a single book an impressive amount of high standard and updated information about the topics covered by the book, together with a conspicuous number of relevant references to the literature published in the past and especially in the very last years.
(R. Carniel), Volcano Quarterly Online
Cet ouvrage constitue une mise au point et un recueil de données quantitatives fondamentales pour chercheurs et étudiants de haut niveau.
(J.C. Tanguy), Geochronique
Almost twenty years ago, at 08:32 Pacific Daylight Time on the 18th May, 1980, a magnitude 5.1 earthquake triggered an explosive eruption of Mount St. Helens which, in turn, triggered huge interest in the physics of volcanic processes. More recently, the pace has, if anything, accelerated thanks to the motivation provided by further well-studied eruptions, including Pinatubo (Philippines) in 1991, and Soufriere Hills volcano (Montserrat) in 1995–1999. An impressive body of literature has accumulated just in the past decade spanning empirical, theoretical and observational approaches; physical models have been tested, validated and compared using laboratory experiments and remote sensing observations of real eruptions. Much of this recent research has focused on experimental and theoretical treatments of micro-scale processes and scaling issues – for example, how inter-grain interactions influence transport of, and sedimentation from, pyroclastic density currents, and how the mechanisms of bubble nucleation and transport in silicate melts ultimately influence eruption styles. These results greatly flesh out the first-order eruption physics that had been elucidated through research in the 1970?s and 1980?s. In addition, actual eruption deposits have been scrutinised in increasingly detailed and diverse ways supporting the development of techniques for inversion of the tephrastratigraphic record to infer eruption styles. These developments have enormous implications for volcanic hazards assessment because eruption prediction based solely on empirical pattern recognition (e.g., from seismicity or ground deformation records) is often hampered by the limited periods of monitoring conducted prior to volcanic eruptions. All too often, surveillance networks are only installed after a volcano has shown obvious signs of unrest such that instrumental data are collected once the system is already in an abnormal state. This makes it difficult to judge what &quo
(C. Oppenheimer), Earth-Science Reviews, 49