Freight Transport and the EnvironmentEdited By
- M. Kroon, Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning & Environment, Leidschendam, The Netherlands
- R. Smit, Ministry of Transport and Public Works, The Hague, The Netherlands
- J. van Ham, TNO, Study Centre for Environmental Research, Delft, The Netherlands
In the past few decades, freight transport on roads has grown considerably because of the quick and flexible movement of goods. With an expanding market due to product specialization, there will be an increase in the demand for freight transport. There are however, several negative implications for the environment (air and noise pollution), human health and other more far-reaching phenomena such as acidification, photochemical air pollution and the greenhouse effect. Solutions to this problem are probed in this book including the stimulation of technological breakthroughs, new transport policies and better traffic management. The book provides a survey of present and potential approaches to reconcile the strong need for increasing transport and the necessity to stop the current destruction of natural resources and harm to human health.
Studies in Environmental Science
Published: October 1991
- Preface. I. PROBLEM AND FRAMEWORK FOR SOLUTIONS The present environmental crisis (R.B.J.C. van Noort). Growth scenarios and corresponding emissions for the transport of goods by truck and train in Europe (H.G. Graf). Sustainable development and goods traffic (G. Maier-Rigaud). Facts and figures on environmental effects of freight transport in The Netherlands (Th. J.H. Schoemaker and P.A. Bouman). New policy developments concerning traffic, freight transport and environment in The Netherlands (M. Kroon and R. Smit). A California and United States perspective on the impact of air quality policies on goods movement by heavy duty trucks (J.D. Boyd). II. TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS Prospects for the reduction of noxious emissions from diesel vehicles and the role of alternative fuels and power sources (C.C.J. French). Current and future emission standards for exhaust gases and noise, and test procedures for goods vehicles (C.Cucchi and M. Bidault). The heavy-duty diesel engine: prospects for reduced emissions and improved fuel efficiency (T. Bertilsson). Propsects for the reduction of noise from heavy duty diesel vehicles (F. Filippi). Fuel effects on road transport engines - emissions and cold starting (J.R. Puttick and G.W. Dwyer). Noise pollution from railway traffic and possibilities for improvement at source (A. Zach). New progress in designing inland cargo vessels. A winner for fuel-efficiency (H.H. Heuser). Emissions from inland and coastal shipping and potential for improvement (L.Kolle, Ø. Melhus, K. Bremnes and G. Fiskaa). Emissions from aircraft: standards and potential for improvement (D.M. Snape and M.T. Metcalfe). III. NEW APPROACHES IN LOGISTICS AND TRANSPORT POLICIES Cost-benefit-analyses for goods transport on roads (W. Rothengatter). Possibilities for a shift in modal split in favour of rail and inland shipping traffic (A. Eisenkopf). Determining the prospect for a shift in modal split in freight transport (Y.H.F. Cheung and P.M. Blok). Innovation in logistics: the impact on transport and the environment (J. Cooper). Is European marine transport a way to escape from inland congestion? (J. Duquesne). Speed limits, effects and benefits in terms of energy efficiency and reduction of emissions (W.A.M. den Tonkelaar). Road transport and environment. A view by the Dutch Road Haulage Association NOB Wegtransport (M.G.W. Hallmans and J.M. Handelé). IV. TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT, DISTRIBUTION AND URBAN INFRASTRUCTURAL MEASURES Freight transport and the quality of the environment in towns (R. Kürer). Minimizing traffic nuisance in cities by optimization of logistics and means of transport (T. Postma). Strategies to rid the environment of pollution by inner-city freight transport-case studies in Cologne and Gelsenkirchen (M. Garben). Measures to guide traffic of dangerous goods transports in the Federal Republic of Germany (H.-G. Triebel). Inland transport of dangerous goods - an overview (P.T. Mabbitt). Logistical developments in urban distribution and their impact on energy use and the environment (R. ter Brugge). The perspective of urban traffic and its pollution control in China (Zi-Zhu Jia). Author Index. Index.