Footprints in the Soil
People and Ideas in Soil HistoryEdited by
- Benno Warkentin, Oregon Water Resources Research Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
The history of science discipline is contributing valuable knowledge of the culture of soil understanding, of the conditions in society that fostered the ideas, and of why they developed in certain ways. This book is about the progressive footprints made by scientists in the soil. It contains chapters chosen from important topics in the development of soil science, and tells the story of the people and the exciting ideas that contributed to our present understanding of soils. Initiated by discussions within the Soil Science Society of America and the International Union of Soil Sciences, this book uniquely illustrates the significance of soils to our society. It is planned for soils students, for various scientific disciplines, and for members of the public who show an increasing interest in soil. This book allows us to answer the questions: How do we know what we know about soils? and How did one step or idea lead to the next one?The chapters are written by an international group of authors, each with special interests, bound together by the central theme of soils and how we came to our present understanding of soils. Each concentrate on soil knowledge in the western world and draw primarily on written accounts available in English and European languages. Academics, graduate students, researchers and practitioners will gain new insights from these studies of how ideas in soil science and understanding of uses of soils developed.
Soil scientists, academics, graduate students, researchers and practitioners interested in terrestrial ecosystems and soil geography, ecologists, historians of agriculture and environment
Hardbound, 572 Pages
"The volume covers a broad scope of interests: regionally, chronologically, historically, enviornmentally, and in terms of pedological processes. In addition to discussing ways of studying soil through history, it considers the linkages between soils and people, communities, and cultures. In doing so, it also illuminates the linkages between soil scientists and their individual and collective methodologies with their own disciplines, professions, and cultures...This volume can be read and should be read by anybody with an interest in soil." -Norm Catto, Department of Geography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Nl, Canada, QUARTERNARY INTERNATIONAL "...I sincerely recommend the book to all...Several times I found myself wishing that my formative soils teachers had provided me with some of the material in the book as a background to the material they put before me...This book covers a lot of ground...if you wish to broaden your general soils knowledge it's a fascinating read. There are also extensive references in all chapters to which the inspired reader can follow up on the information presented...Thus I strongly recommend this book to anyone who has a connection with the soil." - T.J. Clough, Dep. of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Lincoln University, in Soil Science of America Journal
- AcknowledementPreface Section I Early Understanding of Soils1. Soil Scientists in Ancient RomeV. Winiwarter2. Aztec Knowledge of Soils, Soil Ecology and ManagementB. Williams3. The Heritage of Soil Knowledge Among the Worlds CulturesJ. Sandor, A. Winkler-Prins, N. Barrera-Bassols, and J.A. Zinck4. Some Major Scientists Describing Soil Profiles and Developing Soil Investigation Techniques Before 1880C. Feller, E. Blanchart, and D. Yaalon5. Souls and Soils: A Survey of WorldviewsV. Winiwarter and W. Blum Section IISoil as a Natural Body6. The Roots of Dokuchaevs Scientific Contributions: Cadastral Soil Mapping and Agro-Environmental IssuesC. Evtuhov7. Philosophical Developments in Pedology in the United States: Eugene Hilgard and Milton WhitneyR. Amundson8. Development of the Soil Cover Pattern and Catena ConceptsA. Gennadiyev and J. Bockheim9. The History of Soil Geomorphology in the United StatesV. Holliday Section IIISoil Properties and Processes10. Soils in Ecology and Ecology in SoilsD. Binkley11. History of Soil BiologyJ. Berthelin, U. Babel, and F. Toutain12. Historical Aspects of Soil ChemistryD. Sparks13. The Changing Understanding of Physical Properties of Soils: Water Flow and Soil ArchitectureS. Hasegawa and B. Warkentin Section IVSoil Uses and Users14. Soil Erosion and Conservation: An International History and a Cautionary TaleK. Showers15. Stewardship and Soil HealthE. Gregorich, G. Sparling and J. Gregorich16. Soil Nutrient Management for Plant GrowthA. Finck17. Soils and Environmental IssuesT. Addiscott18. Ancient Agricultural Terraces and SoilsJ. Sandor