Fluoropolymer Applications in the Chemical Processing Industries

The Definitive User's Guide and Databook


  • Sina Ebnesajjad, Fluoroconsultants Group, Chadds Ford, PA, USA
  • Pradip R. Khaladkar, DuPont Engineering Technology, Delaware, USA

This is a self-contained collection of data and information on applications of fluoropolymers components for corrosion control in chemical processing industries. Due to their superior properties, fluoropolymers have been rapidly replacing metal alloys for preserving the purity of processing streams in the chemical processing, plastics, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries.
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Design engineers, maintenance personnel, chemical engineers, other practicing chemical professionals, materials managers, purchasing professionals, researchers and students in the chemical processing, petroleum refining, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries interested in the industrial applications of fluoropolymers. Equipment managers, chemical plant operators, chemical industry engineers in metals and plastics industries.


Book information

  • Published: December 2004
  • ISBN: 978-0-8155-1502-9


"This fecund and useful volume sets up lively possibilities for exploring the entire spectrum of fluoropolymer applications in chemical processing industries." - Current Engineering Practice, Vol. 46, 2006

Table of Contents

1 Introduction to Fluoropolymers What are Fluoropolymers? Fundamental Properties of Fluoropolymers Developmental History of Fluoropolymers Examples of Uses of Fluoropolymers 2 Materials of Construction Historical Background Definition of Polymer-based Materials Comparison Between Polymer-based Materials and Metals Applications of Polymer-based Materials for Corrosion Control 3 Properties of Neat (Unfilled) and Filled Fluoropolymers Influence of Processing on Fluoroplastics Chemical Compatibility of Fluoropolymers Permeation Fundamentals Environmental Stress Cracking Properties and Characteristics of PTFE Properties and Characteristics of Melt-processible Fluoroplastics 4 Selecting Fluoropolymers for Corrosion Control Economics of Selecting Fluoropolymers Preparing to Determine Compatibility Current Technology for Determining Compatibility 5 Manufacturing of Parts from Polytetrafluoroetylene Polymers Granular Resin Processing Fine Powder Resin Processing Fluoropolymer Dispersion Processing 6 Manufacturing Parts from Melt-processible Fluoropolymers Materials of Construction Rheology of Fluoropolymer Melts Thermal Stability of Fluoropolymers Melt Extrusion Fluoropolymer Tube Extrusion Fluoropolymer Film Extrusion Injection Molding Rotational Molding Other Part Manufactuing Techniques Vacuum Bagging 7 Fabrication Techniques for Fluoropolymers Machining Adhesive Bondinig Methods Welding and Joining Heat Bonding Thermoforming Other Processes 8 Design and Construction of Linings and Vessels Lining of Vessels Lining of Pipes and Fittings Lined Valves Lined Hoses Lined Expansion Joints Lining or Coatings of Internals Design and Fabrication of Vessels for Lining Shop versus Field Fabrication 9 Operations and Maintenance Operations Maintenance Repairs 10 Failure Analysis Part Failure Defect Analysis Application of Failure Analysis Methodology Surface Analysis Examples of Failure Analysis Physical Defects Due to Part Fabrication 11 Modeling and Mechanical Analysis of Fluoropolymer Components Review of Modeling Techniques Currently Available Material Models Failure and Deformation Principles Examples 12 Cost Analysis Cost Analysis 13 Safety, Disposal, and Recycling of Fluoropolymers Toxicology of Fluoropolymers Thermal Properties of Fluoropolymers Emission During Processing Safety Measures Food Contact and Medical Applications Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling Environmental Protection and Disposal Method 14 Future Trends Fluoropolymer Applications Fluoropolymer Resin Manufacturing Growth of Fluoropolymer Industries Technological Needs of Chemical Processing Industry Appendix I: Permeation Properties of PerfluoroplasticsAppendix II: Permeation Properties of Partially Fluorinated FluoroplasticsAppendix III: Permeation of Automotive Fuels Through FluoroplasticsAppendix IV: Permeation of Organic and Inorganic Chemicals Through Fluoroplastic FilmsAppendix V: Chemical Resistance of ThermoplasticsGlossaryTrademarksIndex