Fluoroplastics, Volume 1

Non-Melt Processible Fluoroplastics


  • Sina Ebnesajjad, Fluoroconsultants Group, Chadds Ford, PA, USA
  • Sina Ebnesajjad, Fluoroconsultants Group, Chadds Ford, PA, USA

Today, a generational change is taking place in the fluoropolymer industry. The pioneers of PTFE developed an astonishing mass of basic and applied technical work. Now many of these experts are retiring and a new generation is taking their place. This new generation brings a plethora of skills, built upon the basic knowledge of fluoropolymer technology. Speaking to the needs of today's engineering and science students and practicing professionals, this book provides an in-depth treatment of homofluoropolymer polymerization and part fabrication technology. A comprehensive range of issues surrounding the manufacturing of the monomer; polymer, fabrication, end-use, safety, and disposal are covered. The book has been arranged to allow self-managed reading and learning. It is both a source of data and a reference.
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Practicing professionals, engineering and science students in the fluoropolymers industry.


Book information

  • Published: May 2000
  • ISBN: 978-1-884207-84-6

Table of Contents

Fundamentals What Are Fluoropolymers? Fundamental Properties of Fluoropolymers Developmental History of Fluoropolymers Examples of Uses of FluoropolymersFluoropolymers: Properties and Structure Impact of F and C-F Bond on the Properties of PTFE Disturbing the PTFE Structure: Perfluorinated Ethylene-Propylene Copolymer (FEP) and Polychlorotrifluoroethylene Reaction Mechanism Effect of Solvents on Fluoropolymers Molecular Interaction of Fluoropolymers: Low Friction and Low Surface Energy Conformations and Transitions of Polytetrafluoroethylene Conformations and Transitions of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)Operational Classification of Fluoropolymers TFE Homopolymers TFE Copolymers CTFE Polymers Vinylidene Fluoride Polymers Vinyl Fluoride Polymers Process ClassificationFluoropolymer Monomers Synthesis of Tetrafluoroethylene Properties of Tetrafluoroethylene Synthesis of Hexafluoropropylene Properties of Hexafluoropropylene Synthesis of Perfluoroalkylvinylethers Properties of Perfluoroalkylvinylethers Synthesis of Chlorotrifluoroethylene Properties of ChlorotrifluoroethyleneHomofluoropolymer Polymerization and Finishing Polymerization Mechanism Tetrafluoroethylene Polymers Preparation of Polytetrafluoroethylene by Suspension Polymerization Preparation of Polytetrafluoroethylene by Dispersion Polymerization Chlorotrifluoroethylene Polymers and Polymerization Characterization of Polytetrafluoroethylene Characterization of PolychlorotrifluoroethyleneCommercial Grades of Homofluoropolymers Granular of PTFE PTFE Dispersions Fine Powder PTFE PCTFE Dispersions Polychlorotrifluoroethylene Polymers Fluoropolymer ManufacturersFabrication and Processing of Polytetrafluoroethylene Resin Selection Compression Molding Automatic Molding Isostatic Molding Ram ExtrusionFabrication and Processing of Fine Powder Polytetrafluoroethylene Resin Handling and Storage Paste Extrusion Fundamentals Extrusion Aid or Lubricant Wire Coating Extrusion of Tubing Unsintered Tape Expanded PTFE Manufacturing Fine Powder Resin SelectionFabrication and Processing of PTFE Dispersions Applications Storage and Handling Principles of Coating Technology Dispersion Formulation and Characteristics Glass Cloth Coating Impregnation of Flax and Polyaramide Coating Metal and Hard Surfaces PTFE Yarn Manufacturing Film Casting Anti-Drip Applications Filled Bearings De-Dusting Powders Other ApplicationsProcessing of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene Processing Considerations Compression Molding Injection Molding Extrusion Machining and Bonding Processing PCTFE DispersionsFluoroadditives Feedstock Degradation of Polytetrafluoroethylene Production Methods Commercial Products Applications Regulatory ComplianceFilled Fluoropolymer Compounds Granular-based Compounds Fine Powder-Based Compounds Co-Coagulated Compounds Processing Compounds Typical Properties of Filled Fluoropolymers Commercial ProductsChemical Properties of Fluoropolymers Chemical Compatibility of Polytetrafluoroethylene Chemical Compatibility of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene Permeation Fundamentals Permeation Measurement and Data Environmental Stress CrackingProperties of Tetrafluoroethylene Homopolymers Influence of Processing Mechanical Properties Electrical Properties Thermal Behavior Irradiation Behavior Standard Measurement MethodsProperties of Chlorotrifluoroethylene Homopolymers Crystallinity Mechanical Properties Electrical Properties Thermal Properties Irradiation Behavior Properties of PCTFE FilmsFabrication Techniques for Fluoropolymers Machining Adhesive Bonding Methods Welding and Joining Thermoforming Other ProcessesTypical Applications of Fluoropolymers Chemical Processing Piping Vessels CPI Components Seals and Gaskets Self-Supporting Components Trends in Using Fluoropolymers in Chemical Service Semiconductor Processing Electrical and Mechanical AutomotiveSafety, Disposal and Recycling of Fluoropolymers Toxicology of Fluoropolymers Thermal Properties of Fluoropolymers Emission during Processing Safety Measures Food Contact and Medical Applications Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling