Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook

The Definitive User's Guide


  • Laurence McKeen, Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA
  • Laurence McKeen, Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA

The Handbook of Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes: The Definitive User's Guide is both a reference and a tutorial for understanding fluoropolymer coatings. It discusses the basics of fluorocoating formulations, including ingredients and production processes. Also covered are the coating and curing processes, and defects and trouble-shooting solutions when things do not work as expected, testing performance, and sample commercial applications. It addresses important questions frequently posed by end-user design engineers, coaters, and coatings suppliers in their quest for superior product qualities and shorter product and process development time.
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Design engineers, formulators, coaters, fluoropolymer producers, materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemical engineers, and plastics engineers in industry, sales marketing, business and technical representatives in the fluoropolymer/fluorocoatings industries (aerospace, automotive, chemical, chemical process, consumer goods).


Book information

  • Published: March 2006
  • ISBN: 978-0-8155-1522-7


"An excellent book in which are presented extraordinarily valuable information." - Current Engineering Practice, Vol. 46, 2006

Table of Contents

Preface1. Fundamentals 1.1 Introduction 1.2 The Discovery of Fluoropolymers 1.3 What are Fluoropolymers? 1.4 Comparison of Fluoropolymer Properties2. Producing Monomers, Polymers and Fluoropolymer Finishing 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Monomers 2.3 Polymerization 2.4 Finishing3. Introductory Fluoropolymer Coating Formulations 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Components of Paint 3.3 Important Properties of Liquid Coatings4. Binders 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Adhesion 4.3 Non-Fluoropolymer Bindings 4.4 Effect of Temperature on Properties of Binders 4.5 Comparison of Properties of Non-Fluoropolymer Binders5. Pigments, Fillers and Extenders 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Dispersion of Pigments 5.3 Measuring Dispersion Quality or Fineness 5.4 Dispersion Stabilization 5.5 Pigment or Particle Settling 5.6 Hard and Soft Settling 5.7 Functions of Pigments 5.8 Quantifying Pigment Concentrations in Formulations 5.9 Commercial Pigment Dispersions6. Solvent Systems 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Solids-Viscosity Relationships 6.3 Viscosity as a Function of Temperature 6.4 Evaporation 6.5 Solvent Composition and Evaporation Time 6.6 Solubility 6.7 Surface Tension and Wetting 6.8 N-Methyl-2 Pyrolidone (NMP) 6.9 Conductivity 6.10 Flash Point and Autoignition7. Additives 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Abrasion Resistance Improvers, Antislip Aids 7.3 Acid Catalysts 7.4 Acid Scavengers 7.5 Adhesion Promoters, Coupling Agents 7.6 Algaecides, Biocides, Fungicides 7.7 Anti-Cratering Agent, Fisheye Preventer 7.8 Anti-Crawling Agent 7.9 Anti-Foaming Agent, Defoamer 7.10 Anti-Fouling Agent 7.11 Rust Inhibitor, Corrosion Inhibitor, Flash Rust Inhibitor 7.12 Anti-Sage Agent, Colloidal Additives, Thickeners, Rheology Modifiers 7.13 Anti-Settling Agent 7.14 Antistatic Agent, Electroconductive Additives 7.15 Coalescents, Coalescing Agent, Film Forming Agent 7.16 Deaerators 7.17 Degassing Agent 7.18 Dispersant, Dispersing Agent, or Surfactant 7.19 Flattening Agents 7.20 UV Absorbers and Stabilizers 7.21 Lubricants 7.22 Moisture Scavenger 7.23 pH Control Agent 7.24 Summary8. Substrate and Substrate Preparation 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Substrates 8.3 Substrate Preparation 8.4 Substrate Characterization9. Liquid Formulations 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Selecting Ingredients 9.3 Recipes and Formulas 9.4 Formulating Water-Based Coatings 9.5 Solvent-Based Coatings 9.6 Soluble Fluoropolymers 9.7 Mixing Liquid Coatings Prior to Use 9.8 Filtering/Straining 9.9 Shelf Life 9.10 Commercial Producers and Their Product Lines10. Application of Liquid Coatings 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Liquid Spray Coating Application Technologies and Techniques 10.3 Liquid Bulk or Direct Coating Application Techniques11. Powder Coating Fluoropolymers 11.1 What is Powder Coating? 11.2 Spray Powder Coating Process 11.3 Thick Film Coatings 11.4 Bulk Application: Fluidized Bed Coating 11.5 Commercial Powder Coating Products12. Fluoropolymer Coating Processing Technology 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Baking and Curing, Physics or Chemistry 12.3 Monitoring Bake 12.4 Types of Ovens13. Measurement of Coating Performance 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Viscosity Measurement 13.3 Density, Gallon Weight, or Liter Weight Measurement 13.4 Film Thickness 13.5 Wet Film Build 13.6 Adhesion 13.7 Environmental Exposure Testing 13.8 Coefficient of Friction 13.9 Abrasion/Erosion 13.10 Hardness 13.11 Cure 13.12 Cookware Testing14. Recognizing, Understanding and Dealing with Coating Defects 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Surface Tension and Shear 14.3 Common Coating Defects15. Commercial Applications and Uses 15.1 Introduction 15.2 A Historical Chronology of Fluoropolymer Finishes Technology 15.3 Food Contact 15.4 Commercial Applications of Fluorocoatings16. Health and Safety 16.1 Introduction 16.2 Toxicology of Fluoropolymers 16.3 Safe Handling and Application of Liquid Fluoropolymer Coatings 16.4 Thermal Properties of Fluoropolymers 16.5 Removal of Fluoropolymer Films and Coatings 16.6 Fire Hazard 16.7 Spillage Cleanup 16.8 Personal Protective Equipment 16.9 Personal Hygiene 16.10 Food Contact and Medical Applications 16.11 Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling 16.12 Environmental Protection and Disposal MethodsAppendix 1: High Temperature Resistance of Fluoropolymers in Automotive Fuels Appendix 2: Permeation of Organic and Inorganic Chemicals Through Fluoroplastic FilmsTrade Names GlossaryIndex