Table of ContentsPart 1: Introduction to Fluorescence Microscopy:J.S. Ploem, Fluorescence Microscopy.Part II: Optical Probes and Their Applications:F.H. Kasten, Introduction to Fluorescent Probes: Properties, History, and Applications.R.P. Haugland and I.D. Johnson, Intracellular Ion Indicators. V.L. Singer and R.P. Haugland, Fluorescent Imaging of Nucleic Acids and Protein in Gels.Part III: Using Optical Probes in Cells - Practicalities, Problems, and Pitfalls:D.N. Bowser, S.H. Cody, P.N. Dubbin, and D.A. Williams, Introducing and Calibrating Fluorescent Probes in Cells and Organelles.F. Bobanovic, Electroporation: A Method for Introduction of Non-permeable Molecular Probes.S.L. Shorte and S. Bolsover, Imaging Reality: Understanding Maps of Physiological Cell Signals Measured by Fluorescence Microscopy and Digital Imaging.J. Hoyland, Fluorescent Probes in Practice - Potential Artifacts.Part IV: Optical Probes for Specific Molecules, Organelles, and Cells:A.V. Zelenin, Acridine Orange as a Probe for Molecular and Cell Biology.J.W. Kok and D. Hoekstra, Fluorescent Lipid Analogues: Applications in Cell and Membrane Biology.S.R. Adams, B.J. Bacskai, S.S. Taylor and R.Y. Tsien, Optical Probes for Cyclic AMP.Part V: Technology for Qulaitative and Quantitative Detection of Optical Probes in Living Cells:W.T. Mason, J. Dempster, J. Hoyland, T.J. McCann, B. Somasundaram and W. O'Brien, Quantitative Digital Imaging of Biological Activity in Living Cells with Ion-sensitive Fluorescent Probes.J. Dempster, Fast Photomeric Measurements of Cell Function.L.M. Loew, Potentiometric Membrane Dyes and Imaging Membrane Potential in Single Cells.J.-y. Wu, L.B. Cohen, and C.X. Falk, Fast Multisite Optical Measurement of Membrane Potential, with Two Examples.S. Antic and D. Zecevic, Imagine Membrane Potential Changes in Individual Neurons.Part VI: Using Novel Indications for Genetic, Molecular, and Cellular Function:G.B. Sala-Newby, J.M. Kendall, Helen E. Jones, Kathryn M. Taylor, Michael N. Badminton, David H. Llewellyn and A.K. Campbell, Bioluminescent and Chemiluminescent Indicators for Molecular Signaling and Function in Living Cells.G.A. Rutter, A.A. Culbert and J.M. Tavare, Luminescence Imaging of Gene Expression in Single Living Cells.S.R. Kain, Enhanced Variants of the Green Fluorescent Protein for Greater Sensitivity, Different Colors, and Detection of Apoptosis.R. Haggart, N. Bodsworth, and N. Foote, Rapid Detection of Microorganisms.Part VII: Applications of Confocal Microscopy for Optical Probe Imaging:C.J.R. Sheppard, Confocal Microscopy - Principles, Practice, and Options.K.-P. Yip and I. Kurtz, Dual-excitation Confocal Fluorescence Microscopy.Y.S. Prakash, M.S. Kannan, and G.C. Sieck, High-speed Confocal Imaging in Four Dimensions.G. Cox and C. Sheppard, Multiphoton Fluorescence Microscopy.P. Lipp and M.D. Bootman, High-resolution Confocal Imaging of Elementary Ca2+ Signals in Living Cells.A. Ichihara, T. Tanaami, H. Ishida, and M. Shimizu, Confocal Fluorescent Microscopy Using Nipkow Scanner.S.H. Cody and D.A. Williams, Optimizing Confical Microscopy for Thick Biological Specimens.B.R. Masters and B. Chance, Redox Confocal Imaging: Intrinsic Fluorescent Probes of Cellular Metabolism.Part VIII: Advanced Imaging and Light Detection Approaches for Optical Probe Applications:G.J. Puppels, Confocal Raman Microspectroscopy.C. Rothmann, I. Bar-Am, Z. Dubinsky, S. Katz, and Z. Malik, Spectral Imaging of Autofluorescence Molecules and DNA Probes.B. Masters, P.T.C. So, and E. Gratton, Multiphoton Excitation Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Cells, Tissues, and Human Skin In Vivo.R. Wolthuis, T.C. Bakker Schut, P.J. Caspers, H.P.J. Buschman, T.J. R~mer, H.A. Bruining, and G.J. Puppels, Raman Spectroscopic Methods for In Vitro and In Vivo Tissue Characterization.G.J. Puppels, J.M.C.C. Coremans, and H.A. Bruining, In Vivo Semiquantitative NADH-fluorescence Imaging.T.W.J. Gadella Jr., Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy (FLIM): Instrumentation and Applications.G. Skews and T. McCann, Detection of Fluorescently Labelled Proteins following Gel Electrophoresis: A Key Enabling Technology for Proteomics.Part IX: CCD Cameras: Key Enabling Technologies for Optical Probe Imaging:P. Tomkins and A. Lyons, Properties of Low-light-level Intensified Cameras.R. Aikens, Properties of Low-light-level Slow-scan Detectors.C.D. Mackay, High-speed Digital CCD Cameras - Principles and Applications.Part X: Flow Cytomeric Methodologies for Measurement of Optical Probes in Living Cells:E.R. Simons, Flow Cytometry: Use of Multiparameter Kinetics to Evaluate Several Activation Parameters Simultaneously in Individual Living Cells.A.M. Gurney, Photolabile Caged Compounds.K. Hahn, J. Kolega, J. Montibeller, R. DeBasio, P. Post, J. Myers and D.L. Taylor, Fluorescent Analogues: Optical Biosensors of the Chemical and Molecular Dynamics of Macromolecules in Living Cells.Part XI: Applications of Optical Probe Imaging to Biological Problems:M. Fricker, C. Plieth, H. Knight, E. Blancaflor, M.R. Knight, N.S. White, S. Gilroy, Fluorescence and Luminescence Techniques to Probe Ion Activities in Living Plant Cells.G. Shamkar and M.A. Horton, Nuclear Calcium: Concepts and Controversies.A.W. de Feijter, J.E. Trosko, and M.H. Wade, Assessment of Gap Junctional Intercellular Communications in Living Cells Using Fluorescence Techniques.K.E. Sawin, J.A. Theriot and T.J. Mitchison, Photoactivation of Fluorescence as a Probe for Cytoskeletal Dynamics in Mitosis and Cell Motility.K. Florine-Casteel, J.L. Lemasters and B. Herman, Video Imaging of Lipid Order.Index.