FMS in Perspective. FMS: an investigation for research and applications (A. Gunasekaran, T. Martikainen, P. Yli-Olli). FMS planning since the early eighties - experience, recommendations and future tendencies (H.-J. Warnecke, R. Steinhilper, H. Storn). Flexibility Issues. Manufacturing systems: flexibility assessment (A. Raouf, M.F. Anjum). Flexibility and productivity in complex production processes (S.-O. Gustavsson). Flexibility in pull and push type production ordering systems - some ways to increase flexibility in manufacturing systems (R. Muramatsu, K. Ishi, K. Takahashi). FMS Planning. FMS short term planning problems: a review (M. Ben-Daya). Loading models in flexible manufacturing systems (A. Kusiak). Production planning model for a flexible manufacturing system (P. Chandra). Heuristics for loading flexible manufacturing systems (E.K. Stecke, F.B. Talbot). A framework for developing maintenance policy for flexible manufacturing systems (A. Raouf). FMS Control. FMS planning and control -analysis and design (C. Bérard, L. Pun, B. Archimède). Control system design for flexible manufacturing systems (F.L. Lewis et al.). FMS Applications. A computer integrated robotic flexible welding cell (J.E. Middle, K.H. Goh). Idea and practice of flexible manufacturing systems of Toyota (A. Masuyama).