Flat-Panel Display Technologies

Japan, Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus


  • Lawrence Tannas Jr.

Large scale manufacturing of liquid crystal flat panel displays (LCDs) by Japan brought the world's attention to the existence of an enormous market potential exists when there are alternatives to the cathode ray tube (CRT). The Japanese have recognized that new display technologies are critical to making their products highly competitive in the world market. The CRT is losing market share to the solid-state flat panel display. Japan currently holds 90% of the market, and this book outlines opportunities in the former Soviet Union, where companies with the necessary technology are seeking partners, investment, and manufacturing opportunities. Entire cities that were once not even on the map due to their military mission, are now appearing, filled with state-of-the-art electronic technology. The book is developed from the reports issued by investigators based on their field visits to 33 sites in Japan, and 26 sites in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus.
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Manufacturers of flat panel displays.


Book information

  • Published: December 1995
  • ISBN: 978-0-8155-1387-2

Table of Contents

Part I. Display Technologies in JapanExecutive Summary Background Summary of Report1. Flat-Panel Displays in Japan: an Overview Introduction Organization Objectives of the Committee Major Technical Findings Extent of Development of Liquid Crystal Displays Commitment to Production of Liquid Crystal Displays Changing Consensus in Large FPDs Changing Role of Electroluminescent Displays and Plasma Panels Infrastructure in Japan's FPD Industry Market and Projected Sales New a-Si AMLCD Factory Emphasis in the 1990s Summary References2. Material for Flat-Panel Displays Introduction Liquid Crystal Materials Other LCD Materials Light-Emissive Display Materials Conclusions References3. Manufacturing and Infrastructure of Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Displays Introduction Manufacturing Logistics Manufacturing Equipment PECVD Conclusions4. Passive Matrix Liquid Crystal Displays Introduction LCD Basics Twisted Nematic LCDs Supertwisted Nematic LCDs Vertically Aligned Nematic LCDs Ferroelectric LCDs Status and Prospects for the Future Comparison of Passive Matrix LCD Technologies Conclusions References5. Active Matrix Technology Introduction Basic Active Matrix Technology Investment Environment Amorphous Silicon: The Dominant Active Matrix Technology Polysilicon: The Successor Technology Commercial Products and Prototypes Conclusions References6. Projection Displays Introduction Comparison of Japanese and U.S. Display Research Technical Evaluation of Work Comparison Summary Future Research References Appendix A: Professional Experience of Panel Members Appendix B: Trip Site Reports Appendix C: GlossaryPart II. Flat-Panel-Display Technologies in Japan (Updated) Technology Assessment What's New? Price, Price, and Price Expanding Applications LCD Production in Japan Next-Generation Production Machinery Second-Generation Production Machinery Significant Advances Reduced Emphasis Other FPDs Summary NotesPart III. Display Technologies in Russia, Ukraine, and BelarusExecutive Summary Background Summary of Report1. Overview Introduction Subject Areas Highlights2. Liquid Crystal Display Materials and Related Technologies Why Evaluate Liquid Crystal Display Technologies in the FSU? Background for This Evaluation History of FSU Contributions to the Physics of Liquid Crystals Socioeconomic Structures Nonemissive Display Materials in the FSU Conclusions References3. Liquid Crystal and Other Nonemissive Displays Introduction Passive Liquid Crystal Displays Active Matrix LCDs The LCD Industry in the FSU Conclusions References4. Vacuum Fluorescent, Electroluminescent, Field Emission, and Other Emissive Displays Introduction Cathode Ray Tubes Electroluminescent Displays Vacuum Fluorescent Displays Plasma Displays Light-Emitting Diodes E-Beam Pumped Laser Projections Summary and Conclusions5. Phosphors and Other Emissive Materials Introduction Powder Luminescent Materials Materials for Electroluminescent Displays LED Materials Other Thin-Film Luminescence Materials FED Cathodes Materials Projection TV and Laser Materials Electrochromic Materials Summary6. Infrastructure Introduction Anecdotes and Stories Flat Panel Display Infrastructure Summary7. Business Perspective Introduction The Way Things Were The Way Things Are Now What is Left? Getting Information on the Available Technology Getting There and Getting Around Who Owns the Technology The Patent Dilemma The Actual Deal Conclusions Appendix A: Professional Experience of Panel Members Appendix B: Professional Experience of Other Team Members Appendix C: Russian Site Reports Appendix D: Belarus Site Reports Appendix E: Ukrainian Site Reports Appendix F: World View of Liquid Crystal Flat Panel Displays Appendix G: Structural Scheme of Ukrainian LC R&D Appendix H: Glossary