Fire Fighting Pumping Systems At Industrial Facilities book cover

Fire Fighting Pumping Systems At Industrial Facilities

Written from the perspective of industrial users, this is the only book that describes how to install an effective firewater pumping system in a pragmatic and budget-conscious way rather than with purely the regulatory framework in mind. Based on the wide-ranging industrial experience of the author, this book is also the only one that deals with the particular risks and requirements of off-shore facilities. This book takes the reader beyond the prescriptive requirements of the fire code (NFPA, UL) and considers how to make the best choice of design for the budget available as well as how to ensure the other components of the pumping system and supporting services are optimized.

Audience

Fire protection engineers, health, safety and environment professionals, safety or loss prevention engineers, and risk consultants. The major industrial market is the Oil and Gas sector, including exploration, production, refining, distribution, chemical processing & storage, engineering and consulting, project engineering, safety experts, and fire & safety regulatory bodies.

Hardbound, 216 Pages

Published: June 2011

Imprint: William Andrew

ISBN: 978-1-4377-4471-2

Contents


  • About the Author

    Acknowledgments

    Notice

    Preface

    Introduction

    List of Tables

    List of Figures

    List of Acronyms

    1. Historical Applications of Firewater Pumping Systems

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Ancient Water Pumps

    1.3 Reciprocating Hand and Steam-Driven Fire Pumps

    1.4 Rotary Pumps

    1.5 Invention of the Centrifugal Pump

    1.6 Modern Fire Pumps

    1.7 Municipal Water Pumping Plants and Mains

    1.8 Offshore Facilities

    2. Philosophy of Protection

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Protection Options

    2.3 Insurance Requirements

    2.4 Internal Company Policies and Standards

    3. Firewater Flow Requirements

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Risk Areas

    3.3 Exposure Cooling Requirements

    3.4 Fire Control Requirements

    3.5 Suppression Requirements

    3.6 Residual Pressure Requirements

    4. Duration of Firewater Supplies

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Capability of Public Water Mains

    4.3 Primary Supplies

    4.4 Reserve Supplies

    5. Sources of Firewater Pump Supply

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Seas and Oceans

    5.3 Rivers, Channels, Ponds and Lakes

    5.4 Water Wells (Natural Underground Reservoirs)

    5.5 Manmade Reservoirs (Impounded Supplies)

    5.6 Storage Tanks

    5.7 Municipal and Private Firewater Distribution Mains

    5.8 Specialized Offshore Raw Seawater Systems

    5.9 Firewater Usage by Other Services

    5.10 Emergency Water Sources

    5.11 Water Quality

    5.12 Enhancements to Fire-Fighting Water

    5.13 Marine Growth

    5.14 Future Use, Sources and Development

    6. Pump Types and Applications

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Dynamic Pumps

    6.3 Positive Displacement Pumps

    6.4 Firewater Pump Characteristics

    6.5 Main and Standby Firewater Pumps

    6.6 Booster Firewater Pumps

    6.7 Water Mist Firewater Pumps

    6.8 Jockey Pumps

    6.9 Firewater Circulation Pumps

    6.10 Foam Pumps

    6.11 Packaged And Skid Units

    6.12 Retrofit Improvements To Existing Firewater Pumps

    6.13 Future Expansion

    6.14 Reliance On Mobile Firewater Pumping Apparatus

    6.15 Portable Pumps

    6.16 NFPA 20 Versus API 610 And Other Pump Types

    7. Pump Installation, Piping Arrangements and Accessories

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Code Requirements

    7.3 Listing Requirements

    7.4 Typical Installation

    7.5 Location and Separation from Process Areas

    7.6 Pump Separation

    7.7 Pump Room or Building Construction

    7.8 Special Locations

    7.9 Multiple Pump Installations

    7.10 Pump Rotation

    7.11 Relief Valves

    7.12 Circulation Relief Valves

    7.13 Pressure and Flow Control Valves

    7.14 Isolation Valves

    7.15 Bypass Capability

    7.16 Pressure Gages

    7.17 Pressure Recorders

    7.18 Flow Measurement Capability

    7.19 Check Valves

    7.20 Air Release Valves

    7.21 Supervision of Isolation Valves

    7.22 Inlet Screens, Strainer and Filters

    7.23 Submerged Pump Intake Openings

    7.24 Cavitation, Net Positive Suction Head and Vortices

    7.25 Water Hammer or Surge

    7.26 Pumping System Hydraulic Design

    7.27 Vibration Limitation

    7.28 Backflow Prevention

    7.29 Area and Task Lighting

    7.30 Ventilation

    7.31 Fire Sprinkler Protection

    7.32 Utility Services

    7.33 Drainage

    7.34 Outside Installations

    8. Materials of Construction

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Durability

    8.3 Corrosion Considerations

    8.4 Cathodic Protection

    8.5 Coatings

    8.6 Fiberglass Materials

    8.7 Fresh Water Concerns

    8.8 Common Pump Materials

    9. Pump Drivers and Power Transmission

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Electric Motors

    9.3 Gasoline Engines

    9.4 Diesel Engines

    9.5 Air Supplies and Ventilation

    9.6 Instrument Panel

    9.7 Steam Turbine

    9.8 Power Transmission Options

    9.9 Lineshafts

    9.10 Indirect Hydraulic Drive

    9.11 Acoustical Concerns

    9.12 Maintenance Access

    10. Firewater Pump Controllers

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Firewater Pump Controllers

    10.3 Controller Power Supplies

    10.4 Dual Power Source Controllers

    10.5 Automatic Transfer Switches

    10.6 Remote Alarm and Shutdown Panels

    10.7 Low Suction Pressure Cut-Off

    10.8 Jockey Pump Controllers

    10.9 Foam Pump Controllers

    10.10 Controller Listing or Approval

    10.11 Multiple Firewater Pump Installations

    10.12 Firewater Pump Startup

    10.13 Color Coding of Panel Indicators

    10.14 Electronic Readout Displays

    10.15 Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams

    10.16 Controller Indicators

    10.17 First-Up Fault Feature

    10.18 Cause and Effects Charts

    10.19 Firewater Pump Shutdown

    10.20 Specialised Installations

    10.21 Controller Location and Access Requirements

    11. Reliability

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Failure Categories

    11.3 Insurance Industry Experience

    11.4 Fault Tree Analysis

    11.5 Single Point Failures

    11.6 Number of Firewater Pumps

    11.7 Pump Operational Failures

    11.8 Electrical Motor Failures

    11.9 Diesel Engine Failures

    11.10 Gearbox Failures

    11.11 Controller Faults

    11.12 Plant Perils and Pumping System Exposure

    12. Classified Area Pump Installations

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Diesel Engine Ignition Hazards

    12.3 Hot Surfaces

    12.4 Hot Exhaust Gases

    12.5 Exhaust System (Muffler)

    12.6 Exhaust System Spark or Flame Discharge

    12.7 Engine Overspeeding

    12.8 Flashback in Air Intake

    12.9 Material Selection

    12.10 Rated Instrumentation and Electrical Hardware

    12.11 Decompression Ports

    12.12 Electric Motors

    12.13 Controllers

    13. Firewater Pump Acceptance and Flow Testing

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Safety Precautions

    13.3 Factory Acceptance Test

    13.4 Site Acceptance Test and Commissioning

    13.5 Periodic Performance Tests

    13.6 Pump Curve Test Points

    13.7 Fuel Examination

    13.8 Specific Speed Verification

    13.9 Accuracy of Text Gages

    13.10 Weekly Testing

    13.11 Controller and Interface Testing

    13.12 Foam Pump Testing

    13.13 Basic Test Procedure

    13.14 Supplemental Checks

    13.15 Correction Factors for Observed Test RPM to Rated RPM of Driver

    13.16 Additional Testing and Maintenance Aspects

    14. Human Factors and Quality Control

    14.1 Human Factors

    14.2 Identification

    14.3 Starting Instructions

    14.4 Access

    14.5 Guards

    14.6 Noise Levels

    14.7 Emergency and Pre-Fire Plans

    14.8 Documentation

    14.9 Training

    14.10 Security

    14.11 Quality Control

    Appendices

    Bibliography

    Glossary

    Index




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