Field Guide to Appropriate Technology

Edited by

  • Barrett Hazeltine, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.A.
  • Christopher Bull, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.A.

This book is an all-in-one "hands-on guide" for nontechnical and technical people working in less developed communities. It has been developed and designed with a prestigious team of authors, each of whom has worked extensively in developing societies throughout the world.This field guide includes:· Step-by-step instructions and illustrations showing how to build and maintain a vast array of appropriate technology systems and devices· Unique coverage on healthcare, basic business and project management, principles of design, promotion, scheduling, training, microlending, and moreTeachers, doctors, construction workers, forest and agricultural specialists, scientists and healthcare workers, and religious and government representatives will find this book a first source for advice.
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Scientists, community workers, health care professionals, managers and teachers in developing countries. In addition, readers interested in alternative, green, and sustainable lifestyles.


Book information

  • Published: March 2003
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-335185-2

Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroductionCulture and Transfer of TechnologyDesign Philosophies for Appropriate TechnologyBeing a Volunteer Overseas1. Planning and ImplementationOverviewDevelopment Project ManagementThe New ParticipationPrelude to Participatory ManagementSocial Assessment and Stakeholder ParticipationThe Human Side of ChangeGender and Technology in the FieldManaging a Small BusinessOperationsPurchasing Policy and ProceduresMarketingFinancial Viability and Cash Flow StatementCostingDiscounted Cash FlowMicrofinancePlanningProject SelectionProject EvaluationHow to EvaluateManagement of ProjectsDesign and Construction OversightResponsibility for Getting Job DoneEmergency Response ProgramDisaster ReliefExit StrategyTrainingThinking and Learning TogetherGrant WritingFund Raising: Social Service Agency in BoliviaA Summer Internship in Guatemala2. EnergyEnergy PlanningBasics of ElectricityHydropowerWindPowerPhotovoltaicsCook StovesSolar CookersSolar Heating (Needs Editing)Evaporative CoolerCharcoal ProductionFuel CellsBatteriesAlcohol as FuelTidal Power 3. FoodIntroductionAgricultural Machinery Hydroponics, Rooftop and Related GardensUrban GardensSustainable AgricultureHammer Mill of the ELC CAROil PressVegetable GardeningIntensive GardeningSoil Fertility And Fertilizer UseAmaranth: Grain and Vegetable UseCassava ProductionCereal CultivationCoconut ProductionFruit Growing Under Marginal ConditionsGrowing RiceRice Paddy: Harvesting, Threshing, Cleaning, and HandlingShitake MushroomsAgroforestry PrinciplesAquacultureBeekeepingRaising CattleRaising ChickensRaising DucksOstrich ProductionRaising PigsRaising RabbitsRaising Sheep and GoatsNutrition4. HealthOverviewWords to the Village Health WorkerCommunity Health WorkersHealth Care Delivery SystemCulture, Health and the EnvironmentMedicinal Plants Versus Pharmaceuticals for Tropical Rural Health CareTraditional Health PractitionersThe Traditional Medical Practitioner In ZimbabweMedicinal PlantsWater and Health Safe Abortion and Post Abortion Care Using MVADiarrheaMalaria: Resurgence of a Deadly DiseasePalliative Care for AIDS PatientsThe Health Impacts of Exposure to Indoor Air PollutionExposure to Indoor Air Pollution from Biofuel Stoves in Rural KenyaDental Health CareThird World Health Care NeedsHealth Guidelines for Travelers5. ConstructionBuildingBuilding BibliographyBuilding with Arches, Vaults, and CupolasCob StructuresStraw Bale ConstructionSoil Stabilized BricksMicro-Concrete Roofing Tile ProductionThatchGypsumBamboo Reinforced ConcreteNon-Poisonous Timber ProtectionDry Stone Walling: Applications and Techniques6. TransportationRickShaws and BicyclesUsing Oxen for Farm Work and TransportationPack Animals (Needs Figures)Low Cost Transport DeviceWheel Manufacturing TechnologyBoatsEarth Road ConstructionSmall Scale Bridge BuildingEmergency River CrossingRopeways in the Hindu Kush7. Household TechnologiesSpinning and WeavingDyeingTreadle Sewing MachineSilk ProductionSoap ManufacturingCandlesChalkPottery Making BasketryMaking Articles from Paper WasteMaking RopeRecycling and Re-Using RubberUnderstanding Small Scale Paint ProductionSmall-Scale Papermaking8. Water SupplyWater Harvesting and Spreading For Conjunctive Use of Water Resources (Needs Fig.)Rainwater CollectionWater Saving and ReuseWells: Hand Dug and Hand DrilledSolar StillsFiltration and DisinfectionSanitationLatrinesComposting ToiletsWater PumpsHydraulic RamIrrigation9. ToolsThinking about ToolsSafetyBasic Hand ToolsSharpening ToolsBasic Technical Math Machine ToolsBlacksmithingFolding Machine for Sheet Metal WorkWire Fence Making Machine10. Other TechnologiesImportant TechnologiesTelecommunication ServicesLand MinesLand Mine DetectionMining