Fertility, Biology, and Behavior book cover

Fertility, Biology, and Behavior

An Analysis of the Proximate Determinants

Fertility, Biology, and Behavior: An Analysis of the Proximate Determinants presents the proximate determinants of natural fertility. This book discusses the biological and behavioral dimensions of human fertility that are linked to intermediate fertility variables.Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the mechanisms through which socioeconomic variables influence fertility. This text then examines the absolute and relative age-specific marital fertility rates of selected populations. Other chapters consider the trends in total fertility rates of selected countries, including Colombia, Kenya, Korea, Indonesia, Mexico, Pakistan, France, and United States. This book discusses as well the effects of deliberate marital fertility control through contraception and induced abortion. The final chapter deals with the management of sex composition and implications for birth spacing.This book is a valuable resource for reproductive physiologists, social scientists, demographers, statisticians, biologists, and graduate students with an interest in the biological and behavioral control of human fertility.

Hardbound, 230 Pages

Published: April 1983

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-114380-0

Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction and Overview

    Terminology

    The Proximate Determinants

    Fertility and the Proximate Determinants

    Variations in Individual Fertility

    Age-Specific Fertility

    The Determinants of the Proximate Variables

    The Organization of This Book

    References

    2 Natural Fertility and Its Proximate Determinants

    Natural Fertility

    The Proximate Determinants of Natural Marital Fertility

    The Effect of the Proximate Determinants on Natural Fertility

    Summary

    References

    3 Regulated Fertility and Its Proximate Determinants

    Regulated Fertility

    Marriage

    Contraceptive Use

    Contraceptive Effectiveness

    Induced Abortion

    Summary

    Appendix

    References

    4 An Aggregate Fertility Model

    The Structure of the Model

    Direct Estimation of the Fertility Effects of the Proximate Determinants

    Testing the Validity of the Model

    The Proximate Determinants of Fertility Levels TF, TN, TM, and TFR

    Summary

    Appendix: An Equation for Estimating Cc

    References

    5 Applications of an Aggregate Fertility Model

    Application 1: The Transition in the Proximate Determinants

    Application 2: Decomposition of a Change in Fertility

    Application 3: Socioeconomic Differentials in Marital Fertility

    Application 4: An Age-Specific Fertility Model

    Application 5: The Empirical Relationship between Fertility and Contraceptive Prevalence

    Application 6: Projected Fertility Trends Associated with Changes in Contraceptive Practice

    Application 7: Contraceptive Prevalence Levels Required to Reach a Fertility Target

    Summary

    References

    6 A Macrosimulation Model and Applications to Fecundity and Natural Fertility

    Introduction

    Reproductive Models

    REPMOD

    Validation of the Model

    Application to Fecundity

    Natural Fertility

    Summary

    References

    7 Family-Size Control

    Introduction

    Operationalization

    Subfertility

    Excess Fertility

    Some Additional Topics

    Summary

    References

    8 Birth Spacing

    Introduction

    Previous Study

    Unregulated Birth Spacing

    Master-Schedule Spacing

    Serial-Spacing Preferences

    Evaluating Fecundability

    Pinpoint Spacing

    Summary

    References

    9 Sex Preselection

    Introduction

    Previous Research

    An Alternative Approach

    Assumptions

    Birth-Trial Probabilities

    Family Composition without Sex Preselection

    Sequential Goals

    Compositional Goals

    Spacing Consequences

    Summary

    References

    Subject Index

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