Feeding book cover

Feeding

Form, Function and Evolution in Tetrapod Vertebrates

As the first four-legged vertebrates, called tetrapods, crept up along the shores of ancient primordial seas, feeding was among the most paramount of their concerns. Looking back into the mists of evolutionary time, fish-like ancestors can be seen transformed by natural selection and other evolutionary pressures into animals with feeding habitats as varied as an anteater and a whale. From frog to pheasant and salamander to snake, every lineage of tetrapods has evolved unique feeding anatomy and behavior.Similarities in widely divergent tetrapods vividly illustrate their shared common ancestry. At the same time, numerous differences between and among tetrapods document the power and majesty that comprises organismal evolutionary history.Feeding is a detailed survey of the varied ways that land vertebrates acquire food. The functional anatomy and the control of complex and dynamic structural components are recurrent themes of this volume. Luminaries in the discipline of feeding biology have joined forces to create a book certain to stimulate future studies of animal anatomy and behavior.

Audience
Advanced undergraduate and graduate students; professional vertebrate biologists; teachers of vertebrate biology/comparative anatomy; vertebrate morphologists; and evolutionary biologists.

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Published: June 2000

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-632590-4

Reviews

  • "This volume represents an almost monumental attempt to provide a state-of-the-art review of tetrapod feeding mechanisms and is aimed at informing an audience composed of advanced undergraduates, post-graduates and research scientists."
    —Paul M. Barrett in IBIS (2002)


    "For those vertebrate palaeobiologists who have a major interest in the evolution of craniodental anatomy, this book is an utter godsend. ...This book provides a huge wealth of information on feeding in most groups of living vertebrates. It is a vitally important and immensely interesting addition to the literature in its own right, but as a tool for furthering palaeobiological research into feedings styles it is a key publication. ...Functional anatomists and biomechanicists such as myself will probably love this book; it is interesting, well-edited, well-written, full of crucially important information for palaeobiologists, and likely to become a success."
    —Ian Jenkins, University of Bristol, UK, in THE PALAEONTOLOGICAL ASSOCATION NEWSLETTER (2001)
    "...I have no doubt that it will become an important resource both for teaching and for future research in vertebrate biology. The book is well conceived and structured to be useful at many different levels - undergraduate, graduate, and as a reference work for researchers in the field. In addition, I believe that this book sets a new standard for work in the entire field of morphology."
    From the Pre-Publication Reviews:, —Elizabeth L. Brainerd, Assistant Professor of Biology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
    "This contribution by Kurt Schwenk is an outstanding one. Not since 1985 has there been a summary volume available. Much has happened in tetrapod feeding since then and Feeding: Form, Function and Evolution in Tetrapod Vertebrates will fill a vast void and be gratefully received by the communities of vertebrate morphology and comparative physiology."
    —G.E. Goslow, Jr., Professor of Biology and Medicine Vicechair, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Section I Introduction

    Chapter 1 Tetrapod Feeding in the Context of Vertebrate Morphology

    I. Introduction

    II. Approaches to the Study of Tetrapod Feeding

    III. Concluding Comments

    References

    Chapter 2 An Introduction to Tetrapod Feeding

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology of the Feeding Apparatus

    III. Kinematics of Feeding:The Gape Cycle

    IV. Kinematics of Feeding: Feeding Stages

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 3 Aquatic Feeding in Salamanders

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology

    III. Function

    IV. Diversity and Evolution

    V. Opportunities for Future Research

    References

    Chapter 4 Terrestrial Feeding in Salamanders

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology

    III. Function

    IV. Diversity and Evolution

    V. Opportunities for Further Research

    References

    Chapter 5 Feeding in Frogs

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology of the Feeding Apparatus

    III. Function of the Feeding Apparatus

    IV. Neural Control of Prey Capture

    V. Evolution of the Feeding Apparatus

    VI. Conclusions

    VII. Current and Future Directions

    References

    Chapter 6 Feeding in Caecilians

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology

    III. Function

    IV. Evolution

    V The Future

    References

    Section III Reptilia: Testudines

    Chapter 7 A Bibliography of Turtle Feeding

    I. Introduction

    II. Bibliography

    Section IV Reptilia: Lepidosauria

    Chapter 8 Feeding in Lepidosaurs

    I. Introduction

    II. Lepidosaurian Phylogeny and Classification

    III. Natural History

    IV. Morphology of the Feeding Apparatus

    V. Feeding Function

    VI. Specialized Feeding Systems

    VII. Evolution of Feeding in Lepidosaurs

    VIII. Future Directions

    References

    Chapter 9 Feeding in Snakes

    I. Introduction

    II. Form and Function

    III. Performance and Size

    IV. Evolution

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Section V Reptilia: Archosauria

    Chapter 10 Feeding in Crocodilians

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology

    III. Function

    IV. Evolution

    References

    Chapter 11 Feeding in Paleognathous Birds

    I. Introduction

    11. Materials and Methods

    III. Morphology of the Hyolingual Apparatus

    IV. Function of the Hyolingual Apparatus

    V Evolution of the Feeding System

    References

    Chapter 12 Feeding in Birds: Approaches and Opportunities

    I. Introduction

    II. Patterns of Analysis

    III. Conclusion

    References

    Section VI Mammalia

    Chapter 13 Feeding in Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. Mammalian Feeding System

    III. The "Process Model" for Mammalian Feeding

    IV. Mechanical Properties and Textures of Foods

    V. The Feeding Apparatus

    VI. Feeding Function

    VII. Control of Feeding Behaviors

    References

    Chapter 14 The Ontogeny of Feeding in Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology

    III. Function and Mechanics of Suckling

    IV. Rhythmicity and Control of Suckling

    V. Coordination of Swallowing and Respiration

    VI. Transition from Suckling to Drinking at Weaning

    VII. Evolutionary Considerations

    References

    Chapter 15 Feeding in Myrmecophagous Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. Foraging Ecology

    III. Morphology of the Feeding Apparatus

    IV. Functional Morphology

    V. Evolution of Myrmecophagous Specializations

    VI. Directions for Future Research

    References

    Chapter 16 Feeding in Marine Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. Feeding Strategies

    III. Conclusions

    References

    Index


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