Essentials of Clinical Binocular Vision book cover

Essentials of Clinical Binocular Vision

Ideal for the diagnosis and management of patients with binocular vision anomalies, this practical
and accessible manual includes all types of binocular vision problems, not just the most common
non-strabismic varieties. Clinical conditions are presented in a concise, straightforward, and clinically relevant format — with topics organized by general information, signs, symptoms, differential diagnosis, work-up, treatment, and follow-up. A separate section for diagnostic and treatment procedures contains all the diagnostic procedures that are required for the effective work-up of patients with binocular vision problems. Helpful charts and tables are also provided and contain a variety of information arranged in an easily referenced, highly portable format.


Published: February 2004

Imprint: Butterworth Heinemann

ISBN: 978-0-7506-7384-6


  • Part 1: Clinical Conditions
    Chapter 1: Non-strabismic binocular vision anomalies-Rich Laudon
    1.1 Convergence insufficiency
    1.2 Convergence excess
    1.3 Fusional vergence dysfunction
    1.4 Functional ocular motor dysfunction
    Chapter 2: Disorders of accommodation-Rich Laudon
    2.1 General accommodative dysfunction (includes AI, AE, infacility)
    Chapter 3: Esodeviations-Stacy Lyons
    3.1 Infantile esotropia
    3.2 Refractive esotropia
    3.3 Acute acquired esotropia
    3.4 Cyclic esotropia
    3.5 Microtropia
    3.6 Divergence Insufficiency
    Chapter 4: Exodeviations-Barry Kran
    4.1 Divergence Excess
    4.2 Infantile exotropia
    4.3 Sensory strabismus
    4.4 Consecutive exotropia
    Chapter 5: Mechanically restrictive strabismus-Nicole Boisvert
    5.1 Duane’s syndrome
    5.2 Brown’s syndrome
    5.3 Thyroid
    Chapter 6: Paralytic strabismus
    5.4 Cranial nerve IV palsy
    5.5 Cranial nerve VI palsy
    5.6 Cranial nerve III palsy
    Chapter 7: Horizontal gaze disturbances-Melissa Rice
    7.1 Internuclear ophthalmoplegia/One and a half syndrome
    7.2 Congenital ocular motor apraxia
    7.3 Acquired ocular motor apraxia (Baliant’s syndrome)
    Chapter 8: Vertical gaze disturbances-Melissa Rice
    8.1 Vertical gaze palsy
    8.2 Monocular elevation paresis
    8.3 Progressive supranuclear palsy (Steele-Richardson Olszewski syndrome)
    8.4 Dorsal midbrain syndrome (Parinaud’s syndrome)
    Chapter 9: Ocular Myasthenia
    9.1 Ocular Myasthenia
    Chapter 10: Amblyopia-Bruce Moore/Erik Weissberg
    10.1 General amblyopia
    Chapter 11: Vision related learning difficulties-Rich Laudon
    11.1 General vision related learning difficulties
    PART 2: Diagnostic Procedures
    Monocular/Binocular Fixation Status (Fix, Follow and Maintain)
    Three Step Test
    Prism adaptation test
    Krimsky Test
    Maddox rod with prism
    Maddox rod with scale
    Double Maddox Rod
    Step Vergences
    Monocular Estimation Method (MEM)
    NSUCO (the Maples)
    Cycloplegic refraction
    Double maddox rod
    Torsion testing with ophthalmoscopy
    Appendix 1: Overview of non-strabismic binocular work-up
    Appendix 2: Overview of vision therapy program


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