Essential Nursing Skills book cover

Essential Nursing Skills

Clinical skills for caring

As a nursing student you learn lots of nursing theory and research - but how do you translate this into practice and apply it to the skills you need? Where do you start? What steps should be carried out and in what order? What should you do afterwards?

Essential Nursing Skills answers these questions for over 130 clinical skills. Each one is explained from start to finish, using a step-by-step approach, with clear illustrations and colour photographs to enhance understanding.

Small enough to carry with you and specifically designed and written to aid learning, this book is invaluable for nurses across all fields.

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Published: August 2012

Imprint: Mosby

ISBN: 978-0-7234-3777-2

Reviews

  • "This book covers the majority of clinical skills encountered in primary and secondary care settings.The level of detail is ideal for a student nurse from year one of training through to a newly qualified nurse. It is both colourful and informative. All subjects are well-researched and evidence-based. This is a good teaching resource for mentors to have access to when mentoring student nurses. Its layout with points for practice and comprehensive reading lists allow the reader to undertake independent study beyond that of just being able to perform the skill."

    Nursing Times, February 2013

    "THIS IS a comprehensive little handbook aimed at nursing students, but would serve also as a reminder for those who mentor students as well a newly registered staff nurses. It is well structured and the points for practice, with their contemporaneous evidence base and reflections on clinical improvements, are the real 'golden nuggets'...All in all, a great handbook that helps to translate theory into clinical practice. It can be carriedaround and 'dipped' into as and when required. I recommend it as a must for nursing students"

    Nursing Management, June 2013


Contents

  • 1 Infection prevention and control

    1.1 Standard precautions

    1.2 Aseptic non touch technique (ANTT)

    1.3 Hand washing 1.4 Use of masks

    1.5 Use of aprons

    1.6 Use of gloves (non-sterile)

    1.7 Disposal of waste and care of equipment

    1.8 Taking a swab

    1.9 Isolation (barrier nursing)

    2 Observation and monitoring

    2.1 Temperature recording - oral & axillary

    2.2 Electronic thermometer - oral & axillary

    2.3 Temperature recording: Tympanic membrane thermometer

    2.4 Cooling the patient

    2.5 Pulse recording

    2.6 Assessment of breathing and counting respirations

    2.7 Blood pressure recording

    2.8 Cardiac monitoring

    2.9 Recording a 12-lead ECG

    2.10 Assessment of level of consciousness

    2.11 Weighing patients

    2.12 Measuring waist circumference

    2.13 Measuring height

    2.14 Care of the patient having a seizure

    2.15 Neurovascular assessment

    2.16 Blood glucose monitoring

    2.17 Pain assessment

    2.18 Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) and epidural analgesia

    2.19 Assessment of the deteriorating patient

    2.20 Measuring capilliary refill time

    3 Resuscitation

    3.1 Assessment of collapsed person and recovery position 3.2 Basic life support with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) 3.3 Ward-based cardiopulmonary resuscitation 3.4 Automated external defibrillator (AED)

    4 Vascular access and intravenous therapy

    4.1 Venepuncture 4.2 Intravenous cannulation 4.3 Preparing an infusion 4.4 Changing an infusion bag 4.5 Regulation of flow rate 4. 6 Care of peripheral cannula site 4.7 Visual infusion phlebitis (VIP) score 4.8 Removal of peripheral cannula 4.9 Care of arterial line 4.10 Intravenous pumps and syringe drivers 4.11 Central venous catheters: care of the site 4.12 Central venous pressure measurement 4.13 Removal of central venous catheters 4.14 Care of long term central venous catheters

    5 Blood transfusion

    5.1 Blood transfusion 5.2 Care and management of a transfusion

    6 Nutrition and hydration

    6.1 Nutritional assessment

    6.2 Assisting adults with eating and drinking 6.3 Nausea and vomiting 6.4 Subcutaneous fluids (hyperdermoclysis) 6.5 Nasogastric tube insertion 6.6 Nasogastric feeding 6.7 Care of gastrostomy site 6.8 Feeding via percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)/radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG)

    7 Medicines management

    7.1 Storage of medicines 7.2 Self-administration of medicines 7.3 Drug calculations 7.4 Principles of administration of medicines 7. 5 Oral route 7.6 Nasogastric route 7.7 Controlled drugs 7.8 Subcutaneous injection 7.9 Intramuscular injection 7.10 Intravenous drug administration 7.11 Instillation of nose drops/ nasal spray 7.12 Instillation of ear drops 7.13 Instillation of eye drops or ointment 7.14 Topical application 7.15 Vaginal preparations 7.16 Administration of suppositories 7.17 Respiratory route - metered dose inhaler 7.18 Variable dose intravenous infusions

    8 Elimination

    8.1 Observation of faeces 8.2 Obtaining a specimen of faeces 8.3 Administration of an enema 8.4 Assisting with a bedpan 8.5 Assisting with a commode 8.6 Assisting with a urinal 8.7 Monitoring fluid balance 8.8 Observation of urine 8.9 Application of a penile sheath 8.10 Urinalysis 8.11 Midstream specimen of urine 8.12 Catheter specimen of urine 8.13 24-hour urine collection 8.14 Early morning urine specimen 8.15 Female catheterisation 8.16 Male catheterisation 8.17 Urethral catheter care 8.18 Care of suprapubic catheter 8.19 Emptying a catheter bag 8.20 Continuous bladder irrigation 8.21 Bladder washout/lavage 8.22 Catheter removal 8.23 Stoma care 8.24 Changing a stoma bag

    9 Peri-operative Care

    9.1 Wound assessment

    9.2 Aseptic dressing technique

    9.3 Removal of skin closures: sutures/staples

    9.4 Wound drainage

    9.5 Changing a vacuum drainage bottle

    9.6 Removal of wound drain

    9.7 Topical negative pressure wound therapy

    9.8 Peri-operative care

    10 Patient hygiene

    10.1 Assisting with a bath or shower

    10.2 Bed bath

    10.3 Oral assessment

    10.4 Mouth care for a dependent patient

    10.5 Facial shave

    10.6 Washing hair in bed

    10.7 Eye care

    10.8 Caring for fingernails and toenails

    10.9 Last offices

    11 Respiratory care

    11.1 Assessment of breathing and counting respirations

    11.2 Positioning the breathless patient

    11.3 Face masks and nasal cannulae

    11.4 Humidified oxygen

    11.5 Use of nebuliser

    11.6 Peak expiratory flow rate

    11.7 Pulse oximetry (oxygen saturation)

    11.8 Observation of sputum

    11.9 Obtaining a sputum specimen

    11.10 Oral suctioning

    11.11 Care of a tracheostomy

    11.12 Tracheal suctioning

    11.13 Insertion and management of chest drains

    11.14 Chest drain removal

    11.15 Non-invasive ventilation

    12 Reduced mobility

    12.1 Principles of moving and handling

    12.2 Risk assessment of pressure ulcers

    12.3 Prevention of pressure ulcers

    12.4 Complications of immobility

    12.5 Fitting anti embolism stockings

    12.6 Falls prevention

     

     

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