Energy Technology and Directions for the Future


  • John R. Fanchi, PhD, Petroleum Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, USA

Energy: Technology and Directions for the Future presents the fundamentals of energy for scientists and engineers. It is a survey of energy sources that will be available for use in the 21st century energy mix. The reader will learn about the history and science of several energy sources as well as the technology and social significance of energy. Themes in the book include thermodynamics, electricity distribution, geothermal energy, fossil fuels, solar energy, nuclear energy, alternate energy (wind, water, biomass), energy and society, energy and the environment, sustainable development, the hydrogen economy, and energy forecasting. The approach is designed to present an intellectually rich and interesting text that is also practical.This is accomplished by introducing basic concepts in the context of energy technologies and, where appropriate, in historical context. Scientific concepts are used to solve concrete engineering problems. The technical level of presentation presumes that readers have completed college level physics with calculus and mathematics through calculus of several variables. The selection of topics is designed to provide the reader with an introduction to the language, concepts and techniques used in all major energy components that are expected to contribute to the 21st century energy mix. Future energy professionals will need to understand the origin and interactions of these energy components to thrive in an energy industry that is evolving from an industry dominated by fossil fuels to an industry working with many energy sources.
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undergrad science and engineering students (w/ completion courses in physics and calculus); graduate students and working professionals, esp. engineers & scientists in the energy industry (oil & gas, nuclear, solar, geothermal, etc.)


Book information

  • Published: January 2004
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-248291-5


“I recommend the book for anyone working in an energy related field who would like to get a better understanding of another part of the field or the subject of energy as a whole. Working engineers who would like a reference that crosses subject boundaries and collects important information about many of them in one place will find this book a useful reference. Educated readers who may not care about the equations presented, but still want a somewhat in-depth look at the subject of energy in its various forms and the problems faced to provide it can still get a good general understanding of the various forms of energy from this book. Students of any engineering or science discipline, who would like a good understanding of the various forms of energy, their production, and use, will find this book easily readable and immediately useful.” — Saeid Mokhatab, Advisor of Natural Gas Engineering Research Projects, Chemical & Petroleum Engineering Department, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, USA

Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgmentsAbout the Author1. Introduction1.1 Units and Dimensional Analysis1.2 A Brief History of Energy Consumption1.3 Energy Consumption and the Quality of Life1.4 Mechanical Energy1.5 Dynamics and Energy Transformations1.6 Energy Professtionals2. Electric Power Generation and Distribution2.1 Historical Development of Electric Power2.2 Electromagnetism2.3 Elements of Alternating Current Circuits2.4 Electric Power Generation2.5 Electric Power Distribution2.6 Distributed Generation3. Heat Engines and Heat Exchangers3.1 Temperature and Composition3.2 Thermodynamic Systems and States3.3 Laws of Thermodynamics3.4 Equilibrium Conditions in the Absence of Gravity3.5 Heat Engines3.6 Heat Transfer3.7 Heat Exchangers4. The Earth and Geothermal Energy4.1 Formation of Celestial Objects4.2 Kant-Laplace Hypothesis4.3 Evolution of the Primordial Earth4.4 Radioactivity4.5 Plate Tectonics4.6 Fluids in Porous Media4.7 Equilibrium Conditions in the Presence of Gravity4.8 Geothermal Energy5. Origin of Fossil Fuel5.1 Models of the Atom5.2 Molecular Biology5.3 What is Life?5.4 Spontaneous Generation5.5 The Miller-Urey Experiment5.6 Photosynthesis5.7 Origin of Fossil Fuels6. Fossil Energy6.1 The History of Fossil Fuels 6.2 Coal6.3 Petroleum Fluids6.4 Petroleum Exploration6.5 Petroleum Production6.6 Reservoir Management6.7 Nonconventional Fossil Fuels7. Solar Energy7.1 Nuclear Fusion: The Source of Solar Energy7.2 The Life of a Star7.3 Solar Energy7.4 Passive Solar7.5 Active Solar7.6 Solar Power Plants8. Solar Electric Technology 8.1 Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle8.2 Bohr’s Complementarity and Wave-Particle Duality8.3 Born’s Probabilistic View8.4 Nonrelativistic Schroedinger Equation8.5 Path Integral Formalism8.6 Tunneling: A Quantum Mechanical Phenomenon8.7 Interpretation of Quantum Theory8.8 Photovoltaics9. Mass-Energy Transformations9.1 Einstein’s Relativity9.2 Invariance, Symmetry, and Relativity9.3 An Illustration from Particle Physics9.4 Scattering9.5 The Particle Zoo9.6 Time9.7 Relativistic Path Integral Formalism9.8 Relativistic Quantum Theory9.9 GUT and TOE10. Nucleosynthesis10.1 The Expanding Universe10.2 Cosmic Radiation10.3 Astronomical Distances10.4 The Standard Cosmological Model10.5 Cosmological Parameters10.6 The Big Bang11. Nuclear Energy11.1 History of Nuclear Energy11.2 Nuclear Stability and Decay11.3 Applications of Nuclear Energy11.4 Availability of Nuclear Fuel11.5 Environmental and Safety Issues12. Alternative Energy: Wind and Water12.1 Fluids in Motion12.2 Wind12.3 Hydropower12.4 The Ocean12.5 Fractals and Geographical Lengths13. Alternative Energy: Biomass and Synfuels13.1 The Synthetic Theory of Evolution13.2 Evolution: Gradualism or Punctuated Equilibrium?13.3 Evolution of Humans13.4 Modern Taxonomy13.5 Population Models13.6 Populations and Chaos13.7 Biomass13.8 Synfuels14. Energy, Economics, and Environment14.1 Energy Conservation and Cogeneration14.2 Energy and the Environment14.3 Economics14.4 Life Cycle Analysis14.5 Sustainable Development: A Compelling Scenario14.6 Energy and Ethics14.7 Energy and Geopolitics15. The Twenty-First Century Energy Mix15.1 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells15.2 The Hydrogen Economy15.3 Summary of Energy Options15.4 Forecast Methodologies and Forecasts15.5 What Does the Future Hold?AppendicesReferencesIndex