Energy Optimization in Process Systems book cover

Energy Optimization in Process Systems

Despite the vast research on energy optimization and process integration, there has to date been no synthesis linking these together. This book fills the gap, presenting optimization and integration in energy and process engineering. The content is based on the current literature and includes novel approaches developed by the authors. Various thermal and chemical systems (heat and mass exchangers, thermal and water networks, energy converters, recovery units, solar collectors, and separators) are considered. Thermodynamics, kinetics and economics are used to formulate and solve problems with constraints on process rates, equipment size, environmental parameters, and costs.Comprehensive coverage of dynamic optimization of energy conversion systems and separation units is provided along with suitable computational algorithms for deterministic and stochastic optimization approaches based on: nonlinear programming, dynamic programming, variational calculus, Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory, Pontryagin's maximum principles, and special methods of process integration.Integration of heat energy and process water within a total site is shown to be a significant factor reducing production costs, in particular costs of utilities for the chemical industry. This integration involves systematic design and optimization of heat exchangers and water networks (HEN and WN). After presenting basic, insight-based Pinch Technology, systematic, optimization-based sequential and simultaneous approaches to design HEN and WN are described. Special consideration is given to the HEN design problem targeting stage, in view of its importance at various levels of system design. Selected, advanced methods for HEN synthesis and retrofit are presented. For WN design a novel approach based on stochastic optimization is described that accounts for both grassroot and revamp design scenarios.• Presents a unique synthesis of energy optimization and process integration that applies scientific information from thermodynamics, kinetics, and systems theory • Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion and chemical transformation, in static and dynamic systems• Clarifies how to identify thermal and chemical constraints and incorporate them into optimization models and solutions

Audience
Graduate students and researchers in chemical, mechanical, materials and environmental engineering, as well as those engaged in system theory, operation research, applied mathematics, applied physics and chemistry.

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Published: May 2009

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-08-045141-1

Contents

  • Preface (with Acknowledgements)Chapter 1. Brief review of static optimization methodsChapter 2. Dynamic optimization problemsChapter 3. Optimization of thermal engines and heat pumps at steady statesChapter 4. Hamiltonian optimization of imperfect cascadesChapter 5. Maximum power from solar energyChapter 6. Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory of energy systemsChapter 7. Numerical optimization in allocation, storage and recovery of thermal energy and resourcesChapter 8. Optimal control of separation processesChapter 9. Optimal decisions for chemical and electrochemical reactorsChapter 10. Energy limits and evolution in biological systems Chapter 11. Systems theory in thermal and chemical engineeringChapter 12. Heat integration within process integrationChapter 13. Maximum heat recovery and its consequences for process system designChapter 14. Targeting and supertargeting in heat exchanger network (HEN) designChapter 15. Minimum utility cost (MUC) target by optimization approachesChapter 16. Minimum number of units (MNU) and minimum total surface area (MTA) targetsChapter 17. Simultaneous HEN targeting for total annual costChapter 18. Heat exchanger network synthesisChapter 19. Heat exchanger network retrofitChapter 20. Approaches to water network designReferencesGlossary of symbolsIndex

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