Energy Conservation in the Process Industries book cover

Energy Conservation in the Process Industries

Energy Conservation in the Process Industries provides insight into ways of identifying more important energy efficiency improvements. This book demonstrates how the principles can be employed to practical advantage.Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the energy situation and a background in thermodynamics. This text then describes a staged method to improved energy use to understand where the energy goes and how to calculate the value of losses. Other chapters consider improving facilities based on an understanding of the overall site energy system. This book discusses as well the fundamental process and equipment improvements. The final chapter deals with systematic and sophisticated design methods as well as provides some guidelines and checklists for energy conservation items.This book is a valuable resource for mechanical, lead process, and plant engineers involved in energy conservation. Process designers, plant managers, process researchers, and accountants will also find this book extremely useful.

Hardbound, 329 Pages

Published: July 1984

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-404220-9

Contents


  • Preface

    List of Common Symbols

    1. Energy Outlook

    Introduction

    I. Scope of the Problem

    II. Thermodynamic Efficiencies

    III. The Fundamental Strategy

    Notes

    2. The Second Law of Thermodynamics Revisited

    Differences between Laws

    I. Definitions

    II. Available Energy and Fuel

    Summary

    Notes

    3. Thermodynamics and Economics, Part I

    Introduction

    I. General Considerations

    II. A Systematic Approach to Steam Pricing

    III. Pricing Other Utilities

    Summary

    Notes

    4. Characterizing Energy Use

    Introduction

    I. Understanding Energy Use

    II. Missing Data

    III. An Illustrative Onsite Audit

    IV. An Illustrative Steam Power Balance

    Summary

    Notes

    5. Optimum Performance of Existing Facilities

    Introduction

    I. Principle 1-Minimize Waste

    II. Combustion Principles

    III. Illustrative Problems-Combustion Efficiency

    IV. Steam Trap Principles

    V. Principle 2-Manage Energy Use Effectively

    Summary

    Notes

    6. Facilities Improvement-An Overall Site Approach

    Introduction

    I. Utilizing the Energy Audit

    II. Overall Site Interactions

    III. Total Site Cogeneration Potential

    Problem: Maximum Potential Fuel Utilization

    IV. The Linear Programming Approach

    Summary

    Notes

    7. Methodology of Thermodynamic Analysis: General Considerations

    Introduction

    Sign Conventions

    I. Detailed Procedures

    II. Illustrative Examples

    Summary

    Notes

    8. Detailed Thermodynamic Analysis of Common Unit Operations

    Introduction

    I. Heat Exchange

    II. Expansion-Pressure Letdown ΔΡ

    III. Mixing

    IV. Distillation-A Combination of Simple Processes

    V. Combustion Air Preheating

    Summary

    Notes

    9. Use of Thermodynamic Analysis to Improve Energy Efficiency

    Introduction

    I. Overall Strategy

    II. Reducing Available Energy (Work) Losses

    III. Accepting "Inevitable" Inefficiencies

    IV. Optimization through Lost Work Analysis

    V. Research Guidance

    Summary

    Problem: Phthalic Anhydride Process Improvement

    Notes

    10. Thermodynamics and Economics, Part II: Capital-Cost Relationships

    Background Information

    I. The Entire Plant Energy System is Pertinent

    II. Investment Optimization

    III. Defining the Limits of Current Technology

    IV. Fundamental Process Improvements

    Summary

    Notes

    11. Systematic Design Methods

    Introduction

    I. Process Synthesis

    II. Applications to Cogeneration Systems

    III. Thermoeconomics

    IV. Systematic Optimization

    Thermoeconomics Summary

    Notes

    12. Guidelines and Recommendations for Improving Process Operations

    Introduction

    I. Chemical Reactions

    II. Separations

    III. Heat Transfer

    IV. Process Machinery

    V. System Interactions and Economics

    VI. A Checklist of Energy Conservation Items

    VII. Shortcomings of Guidelines

    Notes

    Index

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