Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment, Four-Volume Set


  • Daniel Hillel, Dept. of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Massachusetts, U.S.A.

More than ever before, a compelling need exists for an encyclopedic resource about soil — the rich mix of mineral particles, organic matter, gases, and soluble compounds that foster both plant and animal growth. Civilization depends more on the soil as human populations continue to grow and increasing demands are placed upon available resources. The Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment is a comprehensive and integrated consideration of a topic of vital importance to human societies in the past, present, and future.This important work encompasses the present knowledge of the world's variegated soils, their origins, properties, classification, and roles in the biosphere. A team of outstanding, international contributors has written over 250 entries that cover a broad range of issues facing today's soil scientists, ecologists, and environmental scientists. This four-volume set features thorough articles that survey specific aspects of soil biology, ecology, chemistry and physics. Rounding out the encyclopedia's excellent coverage, contributions cover cross-disciplinary subjects, such as the history of soil utilization for agricultural and engineering purposes and soils in relation to the remediation of pollution and the mitigation of global climate change.This comprehensive, yet accessible source is a valuable addition to the library of scientists, researchers, students, and policy makers involved in soil science, ecology, and environmental science.Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com.
View full description


Researchers, scientists, & professionals in the soil sciences, earth sciences, agronomy, and ecology


Book information

  • Published: October 2004
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-348530-4


"It has been talked about for a while but, now, it has been published: a new encyclopedia of soils...impressive and comprehensive...this encyclopedia is a blessing...well-written, and very useful to refresh knowledge or gain some new. It will be a standard reference book for years to come." -Alfred E. Hartemink, ISRIC- World Soil Information, for GEODERMA, May 2005 "Very well written as a whole, with appropriate illustrations and additional readings...an excellent resource for libraries supporting agriculture." -CHOICE, September 2005 "A check on publications by the authors shows an impressive list of articles and books...covers diverse subject areas from environmental issues, management, agro-forestry techniques, food production, climate change, nutrient depletion, microbial ecology, modeling, soil strength, and more. The illustrations and other graphics are well done and add visual guides to the diverse subjects...This encyclopedia is recommended for college and research libraries. Undergraduates will find this a great resource for coursework both on the environment and soil or agriculture courses." -E-STREAMS, June 2005

Table of Contents

Contents Include:*PEDOLOGY, SOIL CLASSIFICATION AND SURVEYAlluvium and Alluvial SoilsClassification Systems: AustralianClassification Systems: FAOClassification of Soils: General PrinciplesClassification Systems: RussianCold Region SoilsColor as a Soil PropertyDynamic PedologyFactors of Soil Formation: BiotaFactors of Soil Formation: ClimateFactors of Soil Formation: Human Impacts on Soil FormationFactors of Soil Formation: Parent MaterialFactors of Soil Formation: TimeFactors of Soil Formation: TopographyForest SoilsGrassland SoilsHydric SoilsInceptisols LoessMediterranean SoilsMorphology of SoilOrganic SoilsPaleosolsPedology: Definition and OverviewPedometricsPolar SoilsTaxonomy of Soils Temperate Region SoilsTropical Soils: Arid and Semiarid SoilsTropical Soils: Humid Tropical SoilVolcanic SoilsWorld Soil MapSOIL AND THE ENVIRONMENTAcid Rain and Soil AcidificationCarbon Emissions and SequestrationClimate Change ImpactsClimate Models: The Role of SoilDegradation of SoilsDesertificationEnvironmental MonitoringEutrophicationGreenhouse Gas EmissionsGroundwater PollutionHeavy Metals in SoilsHydrocarbons in SoilsIndustrial PollutionIsotopic Methods in Soil and Plant InvestigationLand Disposal of WastesLand Use and Land-Use ChangeNitrate Pollution in Soils and GroundwaterNitrogen DepositionNuclear Waste DisposalOrganic PollutantsPesticides in SoilsRemediation of Polluted SoilsSeptic SystemsWastewater Application to the LandWetlands: Constructed and ManagedWetlands: Naturally OccurringSOIL BIOLOGY, MICROBIOLOGY AND ECOLOGYAggregation: Microbial AspectsArchaeaBacteria in SoilsBiocontrol of Plant PathogensBiodegradation of Pollutants and PesticidesBiodiversity in SoilsCompostDecomposition of Organic ResiduesDenitrificationEarthwormsEnzymes in SoilsFauna in Soil Food Web InteractionsFungiGermination and Seeding EstablishmentHumification: The Role of MicroorganismsInnoculation with MicroorganismsKinetics of Microbial ProcessesMetals and Metalloids: Transformation by MicroorganismsMicrobial Activity: The Regulation of Environmental FactorsMicrobial Community AnalysisMycorrhizal FungiNematodesNitrificationNitrogen Fixation: SymbioticNitrogen Uptake by PlantsPhosphorus: Biological TransformationsPlant Growth-Promoting BacteriaPlant-Water RelationsPolymeric Substances and MicroorganismsProtozoaRhizosphereRoot Architecture and GrowthRoot Exudates and MicroorganismsSoil Biological CrustsSpatial PatternsSulfur: Biological TransformationsToxins in Soils: Effects on MicroorganismsVadose Zone: Microbial EcologyVirusesSOIL CHEMISTRY AND MINERALOGYAcidity of SoilsAluminum SpeciationAmmonia in SoilsAmorphous Materials in SoilsAnaerobic Soils: AnaerobiosisBuffering CapacityCalcareous and Gypsum Containing SoilsCarbon Cycle in SoilsCation ExchangeChemical Equilibria in SoilsClay MineralsColloid Facilitated Sorption/TransportElectron Paramagnetic Resonance SpectroscopyFluorecence SpectroscopyFourier Transform Infrared SpectroscopyHeavy Metals in SoilsKinetic ModelsKinetics of DissolutionKinetics of Redox ReactionsKinetics of Sorption/DesorptionMetal Oxides in SoilsMicrobially-Mediated Redox ProcessesMineral-Organic Matter: Microbe InteractionsNitrogen CycleOrganic MatterOrganic Matter Genesis and FormationOxidation-Reduction of Inorganic and Organic ContaminantspH of SoilsPhysical Effects of Soil SalinityPoints of Zero ChargePrecipitation-Dissolution ProcessesPrimary Soil MineralsReclamation of Salt-Affected SoilsRedox PotentialSalination ProcessesSodic SoilsSoil Organic Matter-Metal InteractionsSorption of MetalsSorption of Organic ChemicalsSorption of OxyanionsSulfur in SoilsSulfur NutritionSurface Complexation ModelingX-Ray Absorption SpectroscopySOIL FERTILITYCalcium and Magnesium in SoilEssential ElementsFertigationFertility of SoilsFertilizers and FertilizationFoliar Applications of NutrientsIron NutritionLiming of SoilsManures and ManuringMicronutrients in SoilsNutrient AvailabilityNutrient ManagementPhosphorus in SoilsPhytotoxic Substances in SoilsPotassium in SoilsProductivity of SoilsSOIL MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATIONAgroforestryCompactionConservation TillageCover CropsCrop Residue ManagementCrop RotationsCrop Water RequirementsCultivation and TillageDisinfestation of SoilDryland Farming: Rainfed AgricultureEdaphologyErosion: Irrigation-InducedErosion: Measurement and QuantificationErosion: Water ErosionErosion: Wind ErosionFreeze-Thaw CyclesIrrigated Agriculture and Environmental ConsequencesIrrigation: MethodsLand Use ClassificationManure ManagementMulchesNutrient Management: MacronutrientsNutrient Management: MicronutrientsOrganic FarmingPaddy SoilsPrecipitationQuality of SoilRange ManagementRemote SensingSalinity ManagementShifting CultivationSite-Specific Soil ManagementSubsoilingSustainable Soil and Land ManagementTerraces and TerracingTesting of SoilsTilthUrban SoilsWater HarvestingWatershed ManagementWeed ManagementWindbreaks and ShelterbeltsZone TillageSOIL PHYSICS AND HYDROLOGYAeration of SoilsAggregation: Physical AspectsCapillarityConditionersCrustsDarcy's LawDiffusionDrainage, Surface and SubsurfaceEnergy BalanceEvaporation of Water from Bare SoilEvapotranspirationFlocculation and DispersionFreezing ProcessesGroundwater and AquifersHeat and Moisture TransportHydraulic Properties of Soils: Temperature EffectsHydrodynamicsHydrophobic SoilsHysteresisImmiscible Fluids in SoilsInfiltration Isotropy and AnisotropyLeaching ProcessesLysimetryMacropores and Macropore FlowNeutron Scattering: Soil MoistureOverland FlowPenman-Monteith EquationPlant-Soil-Water RelationsPorosity and Pore Size Distribution Radiation BalanceSand DunesScaling of Soil Physical Properties and ProcessesScaling of Transport ProcessesSoil Water PotentialSoil Water Retention and Characteristic CurveSoil-Plant-Atmosphere ContinuumSoil-Water Content and Potential: Measurement Solute TransportSpatial Variation: Soil PropertiesSpecific Surface Area of SoilsStochastic Analysis of Soil ProcessesStress-Strain and Soil StrengthStructure of SoilsSwelling and Shrinking of SoilsTensiometryTextureThermal Properties and Processes of SoilThermodynamics of Soil WaterTime-Domain ReflectometryUnstable FlowVadose Zone: Hydrologic ProcessesWater CycleWater: PropertiesWater-Use Efficiency*Contents subject to change prior to publication.